Liechtenstein is a German-speaking, 25km-long principality between Austria and Switzerland. It’s known for its medieval castles, alpine landscapes and villages linked by a network of trails.

The great difference in altitude between the lowest elevation (430m) and the highest elevation (2599m) means that Liechtenstein is home to a very diverse range of fauna. In the Alpine area you will find most animals commonly found in mountainous environments, including golden eagle and rock ptarmigan, native to the northern Alps.

The transition from the valley floor to the mountains is characterised by forests. The black woodpecker, the rare white-backed woodpecker and the eagle owl are all also native to these forests.

While few of the animals living high in the mountains and in the forests further below are endangered, the situation is much more precarious in Liechtenstein's wetlands. In an attempt to preserve what is left of these fens and marshes, the government has created two protected areas: Schwabbrünnen and Ruggeller Riet.

Rock Ptarmigan

Rock Ptarmigan © David MacLeman

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