Poland is situated in the centre of Europe. Its 788 km of coastline runs along the Baltic Sea in the north, and it rises to 2,499 m in the Western Carpathians and 1,602 m in Sudeten in the south. 91% of the land surface lies below 300 m elevation. The largest river, the Wisla (Vistula), is 1,047 km long and runs through Poland from south to north. Inland water bodies cover 8,340 km2; cities, towns and villages 10,610 km2; and roads etc 9,540 km2. Legally protected areas cover 91,304 km2. Key habitats: Agricultural land in Poland covers 185,040 km2 and consists of small fields and pastures with trees, bushes, small water bodies etc. Wetlands, such as Biebrza Marshes, and mires total 15,000 km2, whilst woods and forests cover 91,220 km2 and include primaeval European lowland forest in Bialowieza, and remnants of riverine forests. Coastal and marine habitats are important wintering areas for waterfowl and auks.

Total bird species recorded: 431 Globally threatened bird species: 6 Near Threatened bird species: 6 Important Bird Areas: 81 (including 4 marine IBAs) totalling 3,075,871 ha

Threats: Significant threats include abandonment and reduction of land management, agricultural intensification, drainage and lowering of groundwater, river regulation and canalisation, construction of dams and barrages, urbanisation and industrialisation, transport infrastructure, intensified forest management. Of medium or local importance are: afforestation, artificial flooding of wetlands, improper/insufficient waste processing and disposal, extraction industries, disturbance to birds through recreation and tourism, hunting and poaching, grass and weed burning, reedbed exploitation and fisheries.

Number of National Parks: 23 (totalling 314,532 ha) The BirdLife Partner Designate: Polish Society for the Protection of Birds (OTOP). Date founded: 19 December 1990. Members: 2,100 Major current programmes/areas of work: OTOP has developed a national Important Bird Area (IBA) programme since 1992. 81 IBAs have been identified (plus an additional 86 areas of national importance), an IBA inventory has been published (1994) and an up-to-date IBA database is maintained (and will soon be published).

OTOP manages its own reserve, Karsiborska Kepa, which hosts breeding Aquatic Warblers Acrocephalus paludicola (Vulnerable), waders and wildfowl. OTOP is co-operating with the Ministry of Environment, several NGOs, national parks, local administrations and scientists in developing and implementing an Aquatic Warbler Action Plan, following a national survey of the species in 1997.

Text courtesy Birdlife International

Aquatic Warbler

Aquatic Warbler © Mateusz Matysiak

Showing the 16 Most Recent Trip Reports Posted

Poland, Summer 1999, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 24, 2004)

(Eastern) Poland, 13th - 20th May 2000, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 24, 2004)

Bieszczady Mountains, Poland, May 11th - 13th 2002, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 24, 2004)

Poland, May 22nd - 27th 2001, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 24, 2004)

Eastern Poland, 31st May - 5th June 2003, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 24, 2004)

North-east Poland - July 8th - 19th 2008, author Ruben Vlot (link created September 10, 2008)
(Biebzra marshes, Bialowieza National Park)

Poland - 16th to 22nd June 2005, author Ian Merrill (added October 9, 2005)

Poland - 9th - 18th May 2017, author Peter Williams (added October 17, 2017)
(Bialowieza Forest, Biebrza Marses)

Poland and East Germany - April 30th - May 9th 2009, author Michiel van Ettinger (added November 15, 2009)
(Havelland, Biebrza, Bialowieza)

Poland - 28th May - 4th June 2018, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created June 24, 2018)
(The tour visited the bird-rich fishpond area around Zator to the southwest of Krakow before venturing south to the mountains along the Poland and Slovakia border.)

Poland - May 2018, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created June 17, 2018)
(The tour connected with many exciting birds and yielded a long list of European birding highlights)

Poland, author Mark Hows (link created August 17, 2014)
(Lesser Spotted Eagle, Collared Flycatcher, Icterine Warbler and Mammals)

Biebrza and Bialowieza, Poland - 16th - 23rd May 2015, author Glyn Sellors (link created August 14, 2016)
(Some stunning images of Citrine Wagtail, Thrush Nightingale, Collared Flycatcher, Savi's and River Warbler and many others)

West Pomerania, Poland - April 2006, author Jonathan Forgham (added April 8, 2006)

Poland - May 2004, author Birdseekers (added April 7, 2005)
(with photos of Great Grey Owl and Aquatic Warbler)

Poland - 11th - 20th March 2012, author Mark Hows (added April 3, 2012)
(This was a rather ambitious trip to locate the European Lynx in Southern Poland)

No Sightings Have Been Posted for this Region Yet.