Singapore, an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population. There are almost 400 species of bird in Singapore, some of which are vulnerable or endangered. Singapore’s climate and natural habitats are more diverse than most realise consisting of mangroves, marshes, rivers and grasslands providing rich environments for resident and migratory birds.
Sungei Buloh Nature Park is one of the best spots for bird watching in Singapore. The park is an important stopover in the East Asian Flyway, one of the major global migratory routes for birds. Every year from September to March, thousands of birds stop over on the mudflats of the reserve.
The Dairy Farm Quarry is another ideal spot. Located adjacent to the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve a primary rainforest and one of the most biodiverse spots in the country the quarry is an ideal place to spot black-naped oriole, glossy starlings, crimson sunbirds and flowerpeckers.
Other spots like Labrador Park are also home to many diverse species of birds and a good place to try to spot the White-bellied Sea Eagle. The Central Catchment area, consisting of reservoirs in the middle of the island (such as MacRitchie, Upper Seletar, Upper Peirce and Lower Peirce) is also home to a diverse group of birds and other fauna.
Mangrove Pitta © Rob Hutchinson