Sri Lanka is a tear drop shaped island in the Indian Ocean separated from the Indian peninsula by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, which at its narrowest is just 32 km. The island is 432 km from north to south and 224 km from east to west. It is about twice the size of Belgium or a third larger than Switzerland. There are fine sandy beaches around most of the island.

On the south coast are the Dutch fortress towns of Galle and Matara and beyond them the sanctuaries of Kalametiya and the national parks of Bundala and Yala. Here the jungle belongs to elephants and leopards.

Eco-tourism is attracting more and more visitors to Sri Lanka. The islands' isolation from the mainland, two diagonally blowing monsoons shedding water into a mountainous core, has created a variation in climate which is normally found only across a continent. The wet lowlands rainforests and the cloud forests in the highlands teem with an endemic bio-diversity found nowhere else in the world. Endemicity is high with a quarter of the flowering plants, and half the amphibians and reptiles endemic.

Endemics species include Pompadour Green Pigeon, Serendib Scops-Owl, Ceylon Small Barbet, Crimson-backed Flameback, Ceylon Swallow, Ceylon Woodshrike, Black-capped Bulbul, Ceylon Scaly Thrush, Ceylon Scimitar-Babbler and Ceylon Crested Drongo. The Sri Lankan races of the Common Hawk Cuckoo and the Eurasian Blackbird may well also warrant treatment as full species and would therefore be island endemics.

By concentrating on Sinharaja, Kithulgala and Horton Plains National Park the birdwatcher can see nearly all of Sri Lanka's endemic bird species in two weeks .

Text supplied by Gehan de Silva Wijeyeratne - For the full article 'Introducing Sri Lanka' - click here

Serendib Scops Owl

Serendib Scops Owl © Rob Hutchinson

Ayu in the Wild

Birdwing Nature

The Bird and Wlidlife Team

Showing the 55 Most Recent Trip Reports Posted

Sri Lanka, 4th - 19th February 2003, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka, November 2001 , author Surfbirds Admin (link created September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka January - February 2000, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka, January 2001, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka, 1st - 15th March 2002, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka, August 2002, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka, January 2003, author Surfbirds Admin (added September 19, 2004)

Sri Lanka - Off-peak and Independent - 29th September - 10th October 2008, author Oscar Campbell (added October 20, 2008)
(Sri Lanka Whistling-thrush, Scaly Thrush, Red-faced Malkoha, Sri Lanka Spurfowl, Blue Magpie)

Sri Lanka - Endemic Birds - 15th - 24th August 2015, author Naturetrek (link created November 7, 2015)
(All thirty-three endemic species of birds were seen during the tour. The elusive Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush kept the group running in circles, but eventually showed itself in full view, which was a delight.)

Sri Lanka - a whirlwind tour in search of endemics - 27th January – 1st February 2008, author Andy Adcock (added May 6, 2008)

Sri Lanka - A Birding, Wildlife, History, and Culture Tour - 13th Feb - 8th March 2006, author Sue Ebbutt & Alan Smith (added May 27, 2006)
(Being keen but novice birders, we wanted a tour that would give us the opportunity to see as many of the birds of the country as possible, but also other wildlife, historic and cultural sites.)

Sri Lanka - 16th to 31st January 2006, author Paul and Barbara Heatley (added May 26, 2006)

Sri Lanka - 13th - 27th March 2010, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created May 15, 2011)
(With guide Amila Salgado (pdf with many stunning photos))

Sri Lanka - 23rd January - 5th February 2011, author Erling Krabbe (added May 13, 2011)
(Yala, Sinharaja, Uda Walawe, Kitulgala, Horton Plains, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Blue Whale, Leopard, Sri Lanka Spurfowl, Sri Lanka Woodpigeon, Green-billed Coucal, Red-faced Malkoha, Chestnut-winged Cuckoo, Spot-bellied Eagle Owl)

Sri Lanka - March - 2009 Birdseekers, author Steve Bird (link created May 12, 2009)
(Endemic birds plus Blue Whales, Leopard, Sloth Bears and much more)

Sri Lanka - 21st January - 4th February 2015, author Richard Sutton (added March 29, 2015)

Sri Lanka: 31 Jan – 14 Feb, 2008 – Absolute Birding, author Amila Salgado (added March 28, 2008)
(with photos of Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush, Sri Lanka Blue Magpie plus others)

A Wildlife and Birding Tour in Sri Lanka after the Tsunami, 5th- 26th February 2005, author Mike Hillman (added March 28, 2005)
(All bar two of the Sri-lankan endemics with visits to Yala, Bundala, Sinharaja, Sigirya, Horton Plains and many other sites)

Basic Sri Lanka, author Paul Jones (added March 27, 2006)
(Sinharaja, Yala, Horton Plains, Arrenga, Ceylon Scaly Thrush, Red-faced Malkoha)

Sri Lanka - December 2012 - January 2013, author Owain Gabb (link created March 24, 2013)
(We saw all the endemic birds, a lot of great mammals, herpetofauna and invertebrates and had a lot of fun doing it.)

Sri Lanka - 9th to 18th January 2007, author Brian Clasper (added March 23, 2007)

Off Season Sri Lanka - September 2003, author Stuart White (added March 20, 2006)

Sri Lanka - 5th – 16th January 2017, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created March 2, 2019)
(Kitulgala, Sinharaja. Udawalawe, Bundala, Nuwara Eliya, and Kandy)

Sri Lanka - 19th November to 18th December 2012 , author Herve Jacob (link created March 17, 2013)
(Our total was 239 species seen of which 33 were endemics)

Sri Lanka - Birds & Blue Whales - 23rd February - 9th March 2014, author Christopher Hall (added March 14, 2014)

Birding in Sri Lanka - 3rd February - 23rd February 2006, author Alec Crawford (added June 9, 2006)
(The next two days were spent in the Sinharaja rain forest where most of the endemic birds can be found)

Sri Lanka - Endemic Birds & Big Game II Nov-Dec 16, author Rockjumper Birding Tours (link created June 13, 2017)
(Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Plum-headed Parakeet, Lesser Adjutant, Red-faced Malkoha, Indian Pitta, Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl, Alexandrine Parakeet, Malabar Trogon, Cinnamon Bittern)

Sri Lanka - March 13th - April 5th 2014 , author Anita & Tino Bastian (added July 27, 2014)

Sri Lanka - 24th January - 7th February 2009, author Craig Howat (added July 20, 2009)

Birding in southern and central Sri Lanka, 15 to 31 March 2012, author Chris Chafer (added July 1, 2012)

Sri Lanka - chasing the thirty-three - January 2006, author Howard Broughton (added July 1, 2006)
(Kitugala, Sinharaja, Udawalawe, Yala, The Highlands, Kandy)

Sri Lanka - Serendipity on the Teardrop of India - 16th to 24th January, author Ian Merrill (added July 1, 2005)

Sri Lanka - new endemics and future splits, author Ashley Banwell (added January 8, 2008)
(Serindib Scops Owl, Slaty-legged Rail, Ceylon Scaly Thrush, Pied Ground Thrush, Kashmir Flycatcher)

Sri Lanka, author Owain Gabb (link created January 29, 2011)
(Kithulgala, Sinharaja, Tissamaharama, Yala, Bundala, Nuwara Eliya, Horton Plains and Kandy.)

Sri Lanka Update - 5th - 25th January 2005 – Don’t cancel your trip!, author Ian Merrill (added January 26, 2005)
(All the endemics seen including Serendib Scops-Owl)

Sri Lanka - February 2010, author John van der Woude (link created January 25, 2011)
(all endemics)

Sri Lanka - October 2012, author Paul Davis (added January 22, 2013)
(Marawila - Club Palm Bay, Long-billed Sunbird, Blue-tailed Bee-eater)

Sri Lanka - December 2011, author Trish and Andrew Forsyth (link created January 17, 2012)

Sri Lanka 10-20 December 2007- Unseasonally Rainy Birding, author Low Bing Wen Albert (added January 15, 2008)
(Usual circuit with slight variations; Pied Thrush; Kashmir Flycatcher; Marshall's Iora and 31 endemics)

Sri Lanka - December 2015, author Mike Hunter (link created January 12, 2016)

Sri Lanka Trip Report 3rd -21st December 2005, author Carol Inskipp (added January 12, 2006)

Sri Lanka - 18th December 2003 – 2nd January 2004, author Nick Moran (added January 10, 2006)

Post Tsunami birding in Sri Lanka - 23rd January - 6th February 2005, author Steve Dark (added February 21, 2005)
(Sinharaja, Kitulgala, Yala)

Sri Lanka - 4th January to 11th January 2010, author Ray Kite (added February 11, 2010)
(Sinharaja Rain Forest, Sri Lankan Frogmouth, Yala National Park, Bundula National Park, Grey Headed Fish Eagle, Nuwara Eliya, Hakgala Botanical Gardens)

The Gathering of Elephants - Sri Lanka - August - September 2005, author Surfbirds Admin (link created December 6, 2005)
(Author: Gehan de Silva Wijeyeratne)

Sri Lanka December 8th-19th, 2014, author Mike Nelson (added December 29, 2014)
(Serendib Scops Owl, Sri Lanka Frogmouth)

Sri Lanka - Birds, Leopards & Blue Whales - 25th November - 9th December 2017, author Christopher Hall (link created December 26, 2017)

Sri Lanka - November - December 2010, author David Bryant (added December 26, 2010)
(Kitulgala, Sinharaja, Uda Walawe National Park, Tissamaharama, Bundala National Park, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, Negombo, Serendip Scops Owl, Black-capped Kingfisher, Sri Lanka endemics)

Sri Lanka - 1st - 14th August 2007, author Ken Tucker (added August 27, 2007)
(33 endemic species, Kitulgala, Sinharaja, Kalamitiya, Uda Walawe, Yala, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy)

Sri Lanka: a family 'birding in style' trip report - 16-30th December 2009 , author Stephen Lowe (added April 7, 2010)

How wildlife tourism can support the Sri Lankan economy post-tsunami, author Surfbirds Admin (link created April 7, 2005)
(by Antero Topp, editor Alula (1) and Simon Boyes, Ornitholidays (2))

Sri Lanka - after the tsunami - February 28th to March 12th 2005, author Jon Ashworth (added April 7, 2005)
(This was our first visit to Sri Lanka. The timing of the visit, post-tsunami, gave an edge to the holiday.)

Sri Lanka - 8th - 19th January 2017, author Dick Meijer (link created April 22, 2017)

Sri Lanka Nov 2011, author Rockjumper Birding Tours (link created April 12, 2012)

Sri Lanka - November - December 2006, author Simon Hartill (added April 12, 2007)
(Our guide excelled in finding us all the endemics and most of the specials that were on the target list.)

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