The list includes all the
bird species that were recorded by at least one of us.
Taxonomy and nomenclature
Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth
edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co.
I have also included the latest updates to the list (these can be found
online at http://www.ibispub.com/updates.html).
Birds marked with an H were only heard.
Greater Rhea Rhea americana
A small group
seen near the start of the Transpantaneira, before reaching the Pousada Piuval,
were the only ones recorded.
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus H
Heard at REGUA, Macae de Cima and Ubatuba.
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus
As expected Tinamous were typically difficult with this bird being no
exception being heard on many days in the Pantanal. Unfortunately while one of
the boats was experiencing engine trouble and had been left behind, the other
boat managed to get several views of a bird walking along the river bank at
Pousada Rio Claro.
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa H
Heard once at Pereque and once at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens H
Heard once along the road to Agua Fria, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
1 seen on the newly-restored wetland at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge.
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
Recorded in good numbers along the coast.
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
1 seen around the wetland at Guapi Assu and commonly recorded in the
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Seen on all the boat trips in the Pantanal and along the Transpantaneira.
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Encountered in good numbers along the coast.
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
Recorded a few times - once at REGUA from the lodge garden, en-route
between Itatiaia and the coast, and also in the Pantanal.
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
Seen regularly around the wetland at REGUA, and also in the Pantanal on
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
A common bird during our stay in the Pantanal.
Great Egret Ardea alba
Commonly seen in the Pantanal and also recorded around the wetland at Guapi
Assu Bird Lodge.
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Two sightings in the Pantanal and also seen en-route to the coast from the
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
A few seen at a number of sites around the southeast and the Pantanal.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
A regularly encountered bird throught the tour.
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Small numbers seen on the boat trips in the Pantanal, and also along the
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
A few recorded on most says on the Pantanal part of the tour.
Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus
Definately one of the biggest surprises of the trip was finding an active
Zigzag Heron at around 08.30 in the morning beside the boat dock at Pousada
Piuval. The bird seemed completely unbothered by the commotion and the people
docking on boats nearby allowing us great views of this normally difficult
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius
A pair were fortuitously flushed from their roadside day roost by Sam while
we birding the Transpantanal Highway just south of Fazenda Santa Tereza.
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum
Very common in the Pantanal and also a few seen on the wetland at REGUA.
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Several were seen by only a few of us on one of the Pousada Piuval boat
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Many seen daily in the Pantanal.
Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari
Surprisingly only recorded once during our time in the Pantanal, from our
first boat ride at Pousada Piuval.
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria
The official logo of the Pantanal. Hundreds were seen in all areas of the
Pantanal, with over a hundred birds visible at one time from the boat at
Plumbeous Ibis Theristicus caerulescens
Recorded in small numbers along the Transpantanal Highway and also at
Pousada Piuval and at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus
The most frequently seen on the Ibis species in the Pantanal, recorded in
small numbers (max. of 6 in one day), at all sites visited there.
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Dangerously close to being Mr. Tsai's 4,000th bird were it not for the Chotoy
Spinetail a short time before, (although there were rumours that a later
re-count put the ibis at number 4,000), recorded only along the Transpantaneira
a few times.
Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus
More frequently seen than Green & Plumbeous Ibises and
recorded in small numbers at all sites visited.
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Seen a number of times from the Pousada Piuval boat rides, and once seen
along the Transpantanl Highway in a large concentration of hundreds of storks
Southern Screamer Chauna torquata
Seen from the boat at Pousada Piuval and also along the Transpantaneira.
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
1 pair on the wetland at REGUA.
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
Quite common on the wetland at REGUA.
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
A very common bird throughout.
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
A common bird in the southeast and recorded in the Pantanal as well
(although less often there).
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
Regularly seen in the Pantanal where they were more regularly seen than Turkey
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Only seen at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
Very common in the Pantanal, by far the most regularly seen raptor there.
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Just one seen at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
One was seen well by the Transpanatanl Highway, on the journey between
Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio Claro.
Hawk Leucopternis lacernulata
A lucky sighting
of a low flying bird above us at Fazenda Angelim, near Ubatuba, allowed
everyone great views of this seldom seen endemic raptor.
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionota
Seen twice at REGUA, including a pair together along the waterfall trail.
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Seen a few times in the Pantanal, including on roadside posts along the
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Although not as common as Snail Kite, a fairly common and regularly
seen raptor in the Pantanal.
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Recorded daily in the Pantanal where they were frequently encountered
perched low by the river's edge.
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
One of the commonest raptors, encountered regularly throughout.
White-rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous
One was seen along the Algulhas Negras road.
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Seen twice from the bus - once en-route to Itatiaia and once en-route to
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus
While watching the Giant Antshrike along the Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia
we were lucky to have a low-flying bird go straight over us.
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Only seen once, distantly in a kettle of vultures, at Pereque.
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
A regularly encountered bird on both parts of the tour.
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Seen regularly in the southeast and also recorded in the Pantanal a few
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
Seen a few times along the Transpantaneira.
Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus H
Heard once at both REGUA and Itatiaia.
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Only recorded while travelling, first to REGUA and then later en-route to
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
Seen several times around REGUA.
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Seen from the boats at Fazenda Rio Claro and a single bird was seen
exceptionally well feasting on dragonflies by the Bridal Veil Falls, Chapada
Chaco Chachalaca Ortalis canicollis
The commonest Cracid in the Panatanal, with dozens seen from the boat rides
at Fazenda Rio Claro, feeding in mixed guan flocks in the pink flowering trees.
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
Initially recorded once at Macae de Cima, although they were extremely
abundance at Itatiaia where a dozen birds feeding together on a roadside lawn
was not uncommon!
Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster
This rare cracid was easily seen at both at Pousada Piuval and
Fazenda Rio Claro, where the flowering trees along the river at the latter
sites attracted an astounding number of Guans. Sometimes Red &
Blue-throated Piping-Guans shared the tree with this species and Chaco
Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis
Some authors consider these 2 piping-guans (Red-throated &
Blue-throated) conspecific along with Trinidad Piping-Guan Pipile
pipile, under the collective name Common Piping-Guan Pipile pipile (e.g.
Ridgley 2001). Both species overlap in range in Mato Grasso and we
certainly a saw a full range of birds whilst at Fazenda Rio Claro, including
dewlaps that were lacking red altogether, some that had varying amounts of blue
and red together and some that lacked blue altogether suggesting a degree of
hybridisation in this area.
Red-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cujubi
Some authors consider these 2 piping-guans (Red-throated &
Blue-throated) conspecific along with Trinidad Piping-Guan Pipile
pipile, under the collective name Common Piping-Guan Pipile pipile (e.g.
Both species overlap in range in Mato Grasso and we certainly a saw a full
range of birds whilst at Fazenda Rio Claro, including dewlaps that were lacking
red altogether, some that had varying amounts of blue and red together and some
that lacked blue altogether suggesting a degree of hybridisation in this area.
Bare-faced Curassow Crax fasciolata
Recorded several times at both Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio Claro, with
11 seen on the journey between the two ranches.
Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira
We were very fortuitous with this species on the trip, seeing them fairly
well on two occasions along the Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia, with all of the
group managing to see the birds.
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
A very common bird in the Pantanal.
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis H
Heard once along the river at Pousada Piuval.
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
A few were Seen on most days in the Pantanal.
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
One was seen along the private road at Macae de Cima, by a lucky few.
Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis H
Heard only at REGUA.
Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans H
Only heard at REGUA.
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Recorded once along the Transpantanal Highway.
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Only recorded around the wetland at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge.
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica
While we were birding along the Transpantanal Highway we were fortunate
that another birder stopped to talk to us and informed us that he had just seen
a Sungrebe by the side of the road 2 km on from where we were (20 km or
so south along the highway from Rio Claro), so we raced there and soon were
able to enjoy views of a pair feeding close to the road.
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias
One individual was seen several times feeding in a small pool between the
ranch and the boats at Pousada Piuval, while they were also seen from some of
the boat rides taken at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata
Only seen on one occasion - a pair between the ranch and the boats at
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Common on the Pantanal part of the tour, and also recorded around the
newly-restored wetland at REGUA.
White-backed Stilt Himantopus melanurus
Several seen along the Transpantaneira on a few occasions.
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Commonly seen at many sites on the tour.
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris
1 seen along the Transpantanal Highway north of Rio Claro (between there
and Pousada Piuval).
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
A commonly seen bird along the coast.
Royal Tern Sterna maxima
1 seen along the seafront at Ubatuba during a lunch stop there.
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex
Seen on a few days in the Pantanal (along the Transpantanal Highway and
also from the boat rides).
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
One cruised past us on our last boat ride at Fazenda Rio Claro, passing by
in the last glimmers of light for the day.
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
An introduced species.
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa
Only recorded around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
A common bird throughout.
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Seen once in REGUA and also a few times in the Pantanal.
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea
Seen on each day at Itatiaia, where fairly common.
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Seen on a few days of the tour, in the Pantanal and around Chapdada dos
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
A commonly seen ground-dove in the southeast although more regularly
seen in the Pantanal.
Picui Ground-Dove Columbina picui
Seen daily in the Pantanal, where they were fairly common.
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata
Seen on most days in the Pantanal.
Long-tailed Ground-Dove Uropelia campestris
A few recorded on four days in the Pantanal.
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Recorded almost daily in the Pantanal.
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Heard at several sites in the southeast, and 2 birds were seen feeding
along the main track at Fazenda Angelim.
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
A small group of 5 or 6 birds startled us by flying up off the narrow,
overgrown track in front of us at Folha Seca, unfortunately not giving many of
us a chance to get satisfactory views of them.
Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Seen best during our time at Pousada Piuval when they were seen a number of
times (4-5 times), including some great long views of perched birds, and also
recorded along the Transpantanal Highway.
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna
2 flew by while birding a road near to Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera
Only recorded once, when a low-flying bird passed us when we were birding
the 'cerrado road' that leads to Agua Fria in the Chapada dos Guimaraes area.
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana
A pair was seen several times while waiting for the swifts to come into
roost at the Bridal Veil Falls, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Golden-collared Macaw Primolius auricollis
Seen most at Fazenda Rio Claro where 4 or more small flocks passed over on
some of the boat trips.
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
Originally only seen in the Pantanal from our final gas station stop before
entering the stationless Transpantanal Highway, although large flocks of mobile
birds were commonly seen overhead at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea
Regularly seen in all areas visited in the Pantanal.
Nanday Parakeet Nandayus nenday
Recorded on 2 occasions around Fazenda Rio Claro (including in the trees
near to the pool on the ranch), although the first occasion was certainly the
most significant as it was the 4,000th bird for Mr. Tsai's wife.
Sometimes referred to as Black-hooded Parakeet.
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
One of the most commonly encountered parakeets in the Atlantic forests
around REGUA, Itatiaia, Pereque & Ubatuba.
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus
Fairly common in the Pantanal, where it was seen on most days.
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius
Recorded once at REGUA, Itatiaia and Pereque.
Parakeet Brotogeris tirica
Seen several times passing overhead at REGUA and also seen several times
around Ubatuba where undoubtedly the best views were of birds that regularly
came into feed at Jonas's private feedders at Folha Seca.
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri
Regularly seen daily in all areas of the Pantanal.
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
Initially a bird was seen well perched near the start of the Tres Picos
trail at Itatiaia, and a few small groups flew over while we were at Pereque.
Sometimes referred to as Red-capped Parrot.
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus
Only recorded at Chapada dos Guimaraes where 3-4 flocks were seen passing
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
Regularly seen at REGUA and also recorded in the Pantanal on few occasions.
Blue-fronted Parrot Amazona aestiva
Sometimes referred to as Turquoise-fronted Parrot.
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica
A few groups were
recorded at all sites in the Pantanal.
Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea H
looking for the non-existent Russet-winged Spadebill at Corcovado, Ubatuba and
despite attempts to lure them in, they remained silent thereafter.
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Seen a number of times on the tour in both the southeast and Pantanal.
Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta
Seen a few times in the Pantanal.
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
A fairly common bird in lowland open country where recorded in both the
southeast and in the Pantanal.
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
The only one that was seen was a bird from one of the boat trips out of
Variable Screech-Owl Megascops atricapillus
An owl heard calling during the day on the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia had
us seriously wondering what it was and after a long, long period when the whole
group searched for the bird in a tree where it was clearly calling from, Mr.
Tsai finally put us out of our misery by finding the bird so we could confirm
that it was a Variable Screech-owl. A very rarely recorded bird and a
lifer for everyone.
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
First seen at Itatiaia (including from the dining table while having
breakfast), and more frequently encountered in the Pantanal, where frequent use
of a recording of this bird would bring in many mobbing passerines.
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Regulary seen around REGUA and also seen at Itatiaia and in the Pantanal.
Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda
Seen very well in the Pantanal, from the boats along the river at Pousada
Piuval and also near to the ranch there.
Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga
Many (25+) were seen hawking insects over the river surface at dusk, both
at Pousada Piuval & Fazenda Rio Claro.
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
One seen fron the boat at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex
A flock of c.30 birds appeared late in the afternoon (around 17.00), high
in the sky above the Bridal Veil Falls and one-by-one they dropped suddenly,
plunging through the waterfall to roost on the rocks behind.
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata
A mobile flock was seen several times around the Bridal Veil Falls at
Chapada dos Guimaraes, although the best views were of several in a low-flying
flock of swifts between Rio de Janeiro and REGUA.
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Seen at a few lowland sites in the southeast.
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
A few seen flying over us at Faz, Angelim, Ubatuba.
Hermit Ramphodon naevius
Several were seen
coming to the lively feeders by the beginning of the waterfall trail at REGUA,
and a few more were seen at the private feeders at Folha Seca near Ubatuba.
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta
Seen feeding on the garden flowers in the early morning at Guapi Assu Bird
This is sometimes also referred to as Hairy Hermit (e.g. in HBW).
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Seen coming to the feeders and along the private road at Macae de Cima.
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
2 sightings of single birds at Chapada dos Guimaraes, one along the Pousada
Penhasco resort trails.
Buff-bellied Hermit Phaethornis subochraceus
1 was seen on a small forest island that we reached by boat at Pousada
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
Several were seen
around Ubatuba, in the Folha Seca area.
Sombre Hummingbird Campylopterus cirrochloris
Only one was seen
at the private hummer feeders at Folha Seca, Ubatuba, although the bird
regularly visited the feeders there.
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus
Most commonly seen at REGUA where there are several resident, territorial
birds in the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge garden.
Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus
Only recorded at Itatiaia where several were a permanent fixture at the
action-packed feeders of the Hotel do Ype. Surprisingly absent at the Macae de
Cima feeders so they must be seasonal there.
White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris
Only recorded at Chapada dos Guimaraes, along a road where the many flowers
in bloom along there attracted a high number of hummers, including Black-thoated
Mangos, Frilled Coquettes, Glittering-bellied Emeralds, Amethyst
Woodstars and Fork-tailed Woodnymphs.
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
2-3 seen along the road at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
First a male was seen all too briefly along the Theodoro trail, near Nova
Friburgo, although both a male and female were later seen much better along the
Algulhas Negras road, Itatiaia.
Coquette Lophornis magnificus
3 male coquettes
were seen along a road at Chapada dos Guimaraes and were originally assumed to
be the rarely seen Dot-eared Coquette as this species is the one which
most people report from this area. However on closer examination the shorter
tufts of the bird, lacking clear dots (having blackish bars more typical of
Frilled) in addition to a small area of rufous visible at the base of the tufts
helped to identify the birds as Frilled Coquettes. Although either of
these coquettes would have been good, these did make up for missing this
species earlier as some of the usual feeders for them had been left empty.
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus
The usual Festive Coquettes that regularly came into the private feeders at
Folha Seca, Ubatuba, were a definate crowd-pleaser with both photographers and
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
Only recorded alongside the paved road at Chapada dos Guimaraes where many
hummingbirds were recorded, in an area where many flowers were in bloom at the
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata
Recorded several times in the Pantanal (including Pousada Piuval) and also
at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
Common in the southeast and recorded at many Atlantic forest sites.
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
Only recorded a few times - feeding on flowers early in the morning in the
Guapi Assu Lodge garden, and also en-route to Ubatuba and at Folha Seca.
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
One of the commonest hummers visiting the private feeders at Macae de Cima.
Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor
Only recorded at the busy Hotel do Ype feeders, where they were seen on
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata
One of the most frequently encountered hummingbirds in the rainforests of
the southeast and the Pantanal.
Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda
Seen at all
the feeders on the southeast part of the tour - Folha Seca (Ubatuba), Itatiaia
and the private feeders at Macae de Cima.
Horned Sungem Heliactin bilopha
An all too brief view of a male feeding on flowers in the 'ugly desert
scrub' along the Agua Fria road, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
A male and a female came into the private feeders at Macae de Cima in the
southeast and later another female was seen along the 'hummingbird' road at
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis H
Heard only, at Folha Seca and Pereque.
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
A male was seen at REGUA, and a pair were seen along the Tres Picos trail,
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura
Two races were seen - both the nominate surrucura red-breasted and
the aurantius yellow-breasted races were seen. The yellow-breasted
race was recorded at Macae de Cima and also along the Algulhas Negras road,
while surrucura was seen along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui
A pair were seen at both Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio Claro.
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata
Commonly seen in the Pantanal, where it is the most common of the
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
A few recorded on most days in the Pantanal.
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
A few recorded on most days in the Pantanal.
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea
Only one was seen, on one of the boat trips out of Fazenda Rio Claro.
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota
First seen while waiting for our lunch at a roadside stop near to Chapada
dos Guimaraes and later seen on the Pousada Penhasco trails there.
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
Only heard at REGUA, although seen well several times at Itatiaia,
including behind the cabins where we were staying at the Hotel do Ype.
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
Recorded in the garden at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, and several times in the
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
Only seen along the 'cerrado' road which leads to Agua Fria at Chapada dos
Guimaraes, with upto three seen together.
Puffbird Malacoptila striata
First seen at
REGUA, when a pair were seen along the track to Casa Anibal and another single
bird was seen along the trails at Fazenda Angelim, near to Ubatuba.
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons
One to two birds were recorded on four days in the Pantanal.
Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Only recorded once at Pousada Piuval when two birds were seen.
Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis
Seen several times around Pousada Piuvala and along the Transpantanal
Saffron Toucanet Baillonius bailloni
First recorded at the marvellous Hotel do Ype feeders, also recorded along
the Tres Picos trail close to there in addition to at Fazenda Angelim and Folha
Seca in the Ubatuba area, and also at Pereque.
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris
Great views of a single male were had at both REGUA and along the Theodoro
trail, near to Nova Friburgo.
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus
Only recorded at Pereque, where several birds of the orange-breasted
subspecies ariel were seen.
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus
A few were seen at Itatiaia, around the Hotel do Ype and along the Tres
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
Recorded on 5 or 6 occasions in the Pantanal (at Fazenda Rio Claro, from
the boat rides and also along the Transpantaneira several times).
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Recorded regularly in the southeast including at REGUA, Itatiaia, Pereque
White-wedged Piculet Picumnus albosquamatus
A few seen at all sites in the Pantanal.
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
Recorded around the wetland at REGUA and also a few times in the Pantanal,
including a crazy bird clinging to the side of a concrete post!
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus
Only seen on the final morning of the tour, near Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
A really stunnning woodpecker that was well appreciated when it regularly came
into the feeders at the Hotel do Ype, Itatiaia. Also recorded at Pereque.
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus
Singles seen at Pousada Piuval, Fazenda Rio Claro and along the
Transpantaneira on several occasions.
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
Several were seen along the Algulhas Negras road.
Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons
1 seen at REGUA,
beside the 4 x 4 track.
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula
2 sightings along the trails at REGUA.
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros
One was seen in a patch of gallery forest at Pousada Piuval, and several
more at Rio Claro and another along the Transpantanal Highway.
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus
Sometimes referred to as White-browed Woodpecker.
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
First seen along the Theodoro trail, near Nova Friburgo, and then later
seen in a forest patch at Pousada Piuval, with another along the Transpantanal
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Seen a few times around REGUA, although more regularly seen in the
Pantanal, including feeding on the lawn of the resort at Pousada Piuval.
Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris
A single bird was seen from one of the boat rides out of Rio Claro.
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
This mindblowing woodpecker was seen really well in the Guapi Asu Bird
Lodge garden and was also recorded at Pereque.
Cream-colored Woodpecker Colaptes flavus
A pair was seen by the boat dock at Pousada Piuval, with 2 sightings along
the highway between there and Rio Claro, with another at Rio Claro itself.
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
One was seen from the Hotel do Ype at Itatiaia that completely lacked the
white scapular lines that are typical of the species in more northerly parts of
The race seen, erythrops, was formerly considered a distinct species
although is now only considered a variable morph with birds of this race in the
southern end of their range often lacking these white 'braces' (HBW volume 7).
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
A pair gave us the runaround in the morning along the Tres Picos at
Itatiaia, although were more obliging in the afternoon coming right into the
tape and perching in the open so we could get good scope views of both male and
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos
A pair were seen in a patch of forest at Pousada Piuval.
Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus
Recorded regularly around Faz. Rio Claro in the Pantanal.
Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
This localised bird is surprisingly common at REGUA and recorded regularly
there along the roadsides.
This is sometimes referred to as Wing-banded Hornero.
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Commonly recorded around REGUA and in the Panatanal, and where there
oven-shaped nests, that give the furnarid family its name, could be seen
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura setaria
A pair were seen very well feeding in a stand of Araucaria, the
highly-distinctive trees that they are restricted to. A real charismatic,
Itatiaia Thistletail/Spinetail Schizoeaca moreirae
After having really poor views of an atypically skulky bird immediately
after getting out of the bus, we then struggled for a further three-quarters of
an hour before one finally came into the tape and acted more as they should-by
parading around on the edges of the bushes so everyone can see them.
Chotoy Spinetail Schoeniophylax phryganophila
A pair seen along the entrance road at Pousada Piuval were celebrated more
than usual as they were Mr. Tsai's 4,000th bird. I think he was just relieved
it was not a flycatcher, as we had been threatening him with that possibility!
Sooty-fronted Spinetail Synallaxis frontalis
1 was taped in near the start of the Pousada Penhasco trail, Chapada dos
Cinereous-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis hypospodia
A pair were seen along the Transpantanal Highway, south of Fazenda St.
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
1 was seen along the 'cerrado road', that leads towards Agua Fria in the
Chapada dos Guimaraes area.
Chicli Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
One was seen at Macae de Cima.
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Although they were heard at Macae de Cima where they are often seen there
they proved un co-operative there, and we ended up seeing some along the
Theodoro trail, near to Nova Friburgo.
White-lored Spinetail Synallaxis albilora
A few seen at both Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio Claro.
Gray-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens
One was seen near the start of the Algulhas Negras road at Itatiaia.
Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida
Seen at both
Macae de Cima and Algulhas Negras.
Rusty-backed Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpina
Seen regularly alongside the river at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
Seen a few times around wetland areas at REGUA and in the Pantanal.
Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
Seen near the wetland at REGUA and also recorded once in the Pantanal.
Greater Thornbird Phacellodomus ruber
Seen along the Transpantanal.
Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
3 were seen at
Macae de Cima, with others seen at Pereque and Folha Seca (Ubatuba area).
The race found in this part is the orange-eyed nominate, northern race erythropthalmus
which is almost certainly going to be split from the southern race ferrugineigula
(HBW, Volume 8), on the basis of vocalisations and plumage differences. Both of
the races are endemic to Brazil.
Gray-crested Cacholote Pseudoseisura unirufa
A pair seen at Pousada Piuval was the only sighting of this distinctive,
A recent split from Caatinga Cachalote, which were treated formerly as one
species, Rufous or Rufous-breasted Cacholote (HBW volume 8).
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Seen around Macae de Cima and along the Algulhas Negras road.
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
First recorded at Itatiaia and also recorded along the Algulhas Negras road
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis
Seen along the Tres Picos trail and along the road near there (Itatiaia).
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
1 seen in a mixed flock along the private road at Macae de Cima.
Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
One was seen
typically rummaging around in a canopy bromeliad (this species is a bromeliad
specialist), at Folha Seca (Ubatuba).
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
Recorded in mixed feeding flocks at a number of sites in the southeast.
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
One was seen by a very few in the group on the first full day of the tour
at REGUA, although we all saw one well later at Fazenda Angelim, near to
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus
2 singles were seen - one at REGUA and another in a mixed flock along the
Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia.
Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus
Only recorded at
Itatiaia, where one was seen along the road near the Hotel do Ype and 2 were
seen on another day in a mixed flock along the Tres Picos trail.
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus
Only seen on one occasion around Guapi Assu, although also heard around
Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus
1 was seen really well at a known territory at Folha Seca. A short walk off
the path produced great views of the bird 'bouncing' around a few feet away in
front of us.
Sometimes referred to as Tawny-throated Leafscraper.
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor
A good effort was made to see a calling bird along the Theodoro trail,
although the bird was uncharacteristically unco-operative and only two people
managed to get the merest of glimpses of the bird.
Sometimes referred to as Rufous-breasted Leafscraper.
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
A really skulking individual was seen by the road near the start of the
Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia, although I think most people saw at least some
pieces of the bird!
Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
1 was seen in a mixed flock at Fazenda Angelim, near Ubatuba.
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
The most frequently seen woodcreeper in the southeast, recorded at most
sites, and also recorded once in the Pantanal.
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Seen along the Theodoro trail and also at Fazenda Angelim, near Ubatuba.
Great Rufous Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes major
After days of trying to find this bird in the Pantanal, and with all to
show for it being a brief call from far across the river, on our last boat ride
at Fazenda Rio Claro we joked that as had no targets left to look for we should
use the last trip to look for this bird. So we decided to play the tape in
desparation at a river edge in the vague area where we had heard one a few days
prior, and on playing the tape we were shocked to see a large Woodcreeper fly
in, which after a few anxious minutes moved up the tree into full view so that
everyone could see this huge, pale-billed all rufous woodcreeper well, allowing
some people even to get scope views from the deck of the boat.
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
3 seen at Itatiaia and also another was seen well at Fazenda Rio Claro in
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Seen at REGUA, Itatiaia and Macae de Cima, and also heard around Ubatuba.
Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides
We had single sightings of this recently split species, at Pousada Piuval
and Fazenda Rio Claro.
This is a recent split from Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus
Only one was seen during our time in the Pantanal, at Pousada Piuval.
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris
Seen regularly in the Pantanal, especially around Fazenda Rio Claro, where
there was a regular obliging individual regularly in the garden there.
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Single birds seen along the Theodoro trail (Nova Friburgo), Itatiaia and
the Algulhas Negras road.
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
Recorded first at Pousada Piuval, where 2 were seen in a small patch of
forest we accessed by boat. Another one was seen alongside the river at Rio
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
This bird really tested the patience repeatedly flying within feet of us in
response to the tape, only to carry on going into the depths of the forest.
Although after some time we finally all got good looks of the bird perched on a
near trunk, at Macae de Cima.
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
One was seen at REGUA with a Spot-breasted Antvireo and a Rufous-winged
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
We heard their loud, far-carrying calls frequently, particularly around
Itatiaia, on the first part of our trip although the birds always seemed miles
away. However, on our last day there we managed to find a fortuitous, recently
trodden trail into the forest which allowed us to get good views of a calling
male steadfastly rooted to his singing post, high in a tall stand of bamboo.
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
A male bird was seen in a bamboo stand behind our cabins at Itatiaia.
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii H
A frustrating bird, that we heard a few times at Itatiaia, that simply
refused to respond to any taping.
Great Antshrike Taraba major
One or two were seen on most days in the Pantanal.
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus
A male was seen well singing high in a stand of bamboo along the Tres Picos
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
Seen on 4 days in the Pantanal.
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
Recorded at REGUA a few times (including in the Guapi Assu lodge garden),
and also at Pereque.
Planalto Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni
A pair were seen well along the trail on the grounds of the Pousada
Penhasco, near Chapada dos Guimaraes.
This is a recent split from Sooretama, Northern & Natterer's
Slaty-Antshrike which were formerly considered conspecific under the name Slaty
or Eastern Slaty Antshrike.
Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus
A pair were seen
while watching a pair of Crescent-chested Puffbirds at REGUA.
This is a recent split from Planalto, Northern & Natterer's
Slaty-Antshrike which were formerly considered conspecific under the name Slaty
or Eastern Slaty Antshrike.
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens
Recorded at all of the higher elevation sites (Macae de Cima, Algulhas
Negras & the Theodoro trail).
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus
Seen on both visits to the Agua Fria road near Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax
Seen at REGUA, Itatiaia and Ubatuba.
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
Seen at a number of sites in the southeast although particularly common
Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus
A pair were seen
very well along the private road at Macae de Cima.
Antwren Myrmotherula gularis
A few seen at
both Guapi Assu and Itatiaia.
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris
Only recorded on our first day along the trails at REGUA.
Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor
A pair were seen
at REGUA and another was seen at Folha Seca, Ubatuba.
Large-billed Antwren Herpsilochmus longirostris
A male was seen at Pousada Piuval while a pair was seen at both Fazenda Rio
Claro and on the trail at Pousada Penhasco (near Chapada dos Guimaraes).
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
One was seen at REGUA and another single was seen at Folha Seca, Ubatuba.
Antwren Formicivora erythronotos
2 pairs of this
stunning, highly localized endemic were seen in the lowland forest near the
town of Pereque.
Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa
A pair came into mob a Ferruginous-Pygmy Owl recording along the
entrance track at Pousada Piuval, and others were seen at Fazenda Rio Claro and
Chapada dos Guimaraes. The latter bird annoyingly popped out of the
grass where we were looking for a Collared Crescentchest that had just
disappeared in the same clump, sending us into a misplaced panic.
Antbird Drymophila ferruginea
This species and
Ochre-rumped Antbird replace the endemic Rufous-tailed Antbird at lower
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
1 pair was seen in a dense stand of bamboo, close to a pair of Ochre-rumped
Antbirds which were virtually sharing the same stand, along the private
road at Macae de Cima.
Bertoni's was formerly considered conspecific with Ferruginous Antbird and
although they can be seen sharing the same bamboo stand (indeed Sam had seen
Ferruginous very recently in the same stand that we saw the Bertoni's in), they
are generally found higher than Ferruginous.
Antbird Drymophila genei
1 was seen in a
bamboo stand along the Algulhas Negras road.
This species is replaced at
lower elevations by the endemic Ferruginous & Ochre-rumped Antbirds.
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga
1 seen in a
bamboo stand along a private road at Macae de Cima, nearby a pair of Bertoni's
This species and Ferruginous Antbird are bamboo specialists that
replace the endemic Rufous-tailed Antbird at lower elevations.
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
A pair was seen along a road en-route to Macae de Cima.
Antbird Drymophila squamata
endemic antbird was as recorded at several sites in the southeast, including at
REGUA a few times, Fazenda Angelim and Pereque.
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
A canopy antbird, that was seen in a mixed flock with White-flanked
& Uniform Antwrens at REGUA, and later also recorded in a mixec flock
along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
Mato Grosso Antbird Cercomacra melanaria
Recorded at both Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio Claro in the Pantanal.
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
First seen well along the Theodoro trail, near Nova Friburgo, and later
also seen at Itatiaia.
Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda
A pair showed extremely well in response to playback at Pousada Piuval and
it was also seen on two dates at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Antbird Myrmeciza loricata
A pair was seen
extremely well by the whole group when in response to the tape they fed on an
open path constantly for 5 minutes at REGUA. Another responded to a Squamate
Antbird tape along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
This species and Squamate Antbird have traditionally been considered
distinct although some authors treat them as conspecific.
Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa
We had planned to
check a known territory where Nick had seen a pair on his last tour, although
when we arrived at Pereque to our horror the area had been gated and padlocked
preventing access. Fortunately a while later we bumped into the caretaker of
this land and generously allowed a group of 12 strangers to borrow the key and
enter the area. We soon heard the birds calling although in the dense area they
were chosing to stay in, it was really difficult to get good views. Everyone
had a view of a female bird in the end but perhaps not as well hoped, so when
we heard another calling at Faz. Angelim, Ubatuba in a more open area of
forest, we went straight in and this time all managed to have excellent views
of a male as it hopped within feet of us to investigate our recording. Along
with White-bibbed a really stunning pair of endemic anttbirds.
This species and White-bibbed Antbird have traditionally been
considered distinct although some authors treat them as conspecific.
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma
One was seen well at REGUA on our first day there.
Brazilian Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
One was picked up briefly walking close by some of the group and although
it did come back into the tape it did so quietly and was only seen briefly
Long confused with Cryptic Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides which in
Brazil occurs north of the range of Brazilian, that was also formerly
considered conspecific with Schwartz's Antthrush Chamaeza turdina.
Sometimes also referred to as Rufous-tailed Antthrush.
Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides H
Despite repeated efforts to attract calling birds in several times, along
the Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia, the birds were frustratingly unresponsive.
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia H
Heard briefly and distantly along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
A bird that had came in really close along the Algulhas Negras road took
some time to find amongst the dense, dark understorey although once Nick had
found it, we all soon managed to get onto it sitting unobtrusively on the dingy
forest floor. Certainly one of the star finds of our time at Itatiaia, due to
this being a difficult bird to see or even hear on some tours.
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata
A few were heard (e.g. at Macae de Cima), before we saw one really well
along the road at Itatiaia.
Gnateater Conopophaga melanops
2 sightings along
the waterfall trail at REGUA on the first day of the tour. First a male was
seen a little too briefly so that when we heard a pair later that day we spent
some time watching then at close range. A really neat looking bird, somewhat
reminiscent of a tiny Asian pitta. It was nice to get one of the birds that is
on the Guapi Assu Bird lodge logo (the other-Swallow-tailed Cotinga was
seen at another site later on the tour).
Collared Crescent-chest Melanopareia torquata
Frustratingly brief views of this stunning bird were had by only a few of
the group, and despite a concerted effort to re-find the bird only Guo-Fang saw
the bird as it moved around silently in the grass (behaviour that betrayed its
position within the normally dull tapaculo family). Thankfully a fairly short
time after that another bird began calling further along the Agua Fria road
(Chapada dos Guimaraes), and this one continued to call in response to the tape
and obligingly perched in the open on top of a low, stunted bush so that we
could all see it well. Certainly one of the most pleasing birds to see
on the trip for many.
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus
Definitely a bird with a lot of character, a member of the tapaculo
family and despite its typically skulking nature looks nothing like most of
them. A really impressive looking bird, that showed well eventually for all of
us after a morning searching in vain for ther bird at Fazenda Angelim
Bristlefront Merulaxis ater
this as one of the birds of the trip and it is easy to understand why - we had
extremely close views of this strange tapaculo in the open when you could
really see well the bizarre tuft that gives the bird its name.
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
A more typically dull member of the tapaculo family (compared to the Spotted
Bamboowren and the srikingly marked Collared Crescent-chest),
although thankfully it did not behave as some of them can do and we all managed
to get reasonable views.
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
The first of many Cotingas on the tour, was one of these distinctive
birds along the trails at REGUA. Others were seen at Folha Seca & Fazenda
Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris
We had a very good run with this species, that can be difficult to see
outside of the October - January breeding season when they disperse and their
movements are poorly understood. Initially we saw a bird perhced in the
large bare trees behind the Hotel do Ype feeders at Itatiaia and also saw a
pair five minutes later, including a really bright male bird, a short way down
the road from there. Another was seen by some of the group near the Tres Picos
trail there also. A surprise was seeing a pair fly over and land in front of us
at Corcavado, near Ubatuba, near sea-level.
Cotinga Tijuca atra
Their mournful calls were heard all around us at Macae de Cima, with one bird
seen singing from a high canopy, and similarly one was seen at Algulhas Negras.
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullatus
Only one was
seen, after its pitta-like call gave it away, by the private road at Macae de
Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra
A pair were seen
at Fazenda Angelim, a reliable area for this tiny cotinga, with one of the
birds standing up after a while to reveal a large sandy-colored chick that it
had been sheletering underneath it. The 'nest' was high in the fork of
an open, dead cecropia tree.
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis
A bird which was heard virtually everywhere in the southeast, and
thankfully we saw them early on the trip to save us from the continual
humiliation of hearing them all around. 3 sightings of striking white
males were had at REGUA.
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Their odd firecracker-like noises were heard more often seen, although some
good views of cracking males were popular at Pereque.
Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Commonly recorded in the southeast, especially around REGUA.
This species is sometimes referred to as Swallow-tailed Manakin.
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda H
Unfortunately only heard distantly on our last morning around Chapada dos
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata
Males were seen at Pousada Piuval, Fazenda Rio Claro and along the Pousada
Penhasco trail at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Manakin Ilicura militaris
A bird taped in
near the start of the the Theodoro trail, Nova Friburgo, disappointingly turned
out to be a dull female, although thankfully a full, spanking male was seen
further along the same trail which got a much more favorable reaction from
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileatus
Perhaps one of the dissappointments of the trip was not having a more
prolonged view of this scarce and distinctive manakin, which gave good if brief
views before uncharacteristically disappearing.
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
One was seen at Macae de Cima and another was seen on the Theodoro trail,
near to Nova Friburgo.
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Most frequently encountered in the Pantanal where individuals would
regularly come in to mob our well-used Pygmy-Owl recordings.
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Seen at both Itatiaia and Pereque.
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii
One was seen on one of the boat trips out of Rio Claro in the Pantanal.
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps
1 was seen along the Pousada Penhasco trail, near Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Seen at REGUA a few times and also seen several times in the Pantanal.
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
1 was seen anear the start of the Algulhas Negras road.
Gray-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris
One was seen at Macae de Cima and another was seen at Itatiaia.
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Fairly common in the southeast, seen at a few sites (REGUA and Itatiaia).
do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis
Only one was seen
along the Algulhas Negras road, although several other unresponsive birds were
heard along there.
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis H
Heard once at Macae de Cima and also heard once at Itatiaia.
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
One of the more regularly encountered Tyrannulets in the early part
of the tour around REGUA and Itatiaia.
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
One seen at Macae de Cima and another was heard at Fazenda Angelim,
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens
2 were seen at
Macae de Cima and another was seen at Itatiaia.
Gray-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla
First seen in
roadside trees near the Hotel do Ype at Itatiaia, and another was seen much
better at Algulhas Negras.
Suiriri Flycatcher suiriri affinis
Only one was seen, that came in to mob the Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl tape
we were playing, along the entrance track to Pousada Piuval.
Sometimes referred to as Chaco Suiriri. Chapada Flycatcher,
which was unfortunately not seen on this trip, has been recently split from
Plain Tyrannulet Inezia inornata
One or two recorded on most days in the Pantanal (sometimes coming in to
mob the Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl recording), and also seen around Chapada
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus
Seen twice at Pousada Piuval.
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus
1 seen on both visits to the 'cerrado' road that leads to Agua Fria at
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
Seen several times at Itatiaia and another was seen around Ubatuba.
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
One sighting at Macae de Cima, and another seen at Pereque.
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris
3 were seen in the forest around Fazenda Rio Claro and another was seen at
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Usually a difficult, skulking bird to see in dense stands of bamboo,
although one showed really well at Macae de Cima with another 2 seen at
Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus
Always a very difficult bird to see and this one was no exception, staying
generally low in the bamboo and despite repeatedly calling back was extremely
elusive, showing briefly on two occasions although most people unfortunately
missed the bird (along the Algulhas Negras road).
Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus
Only recorded at
REGUA (traditionally a good site for this species), where two were seen on the
first day of the tour.
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus
3 were seen (a
single and a pair) in bamboo at Folha Seca, near Ubatuba.
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus striaticollis
Only recorded once in the Pantanal, at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus
frustrated us by only passing by us briefly at Pereque, where we failed to see
or hear any others.
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Several sightings in the Pantanal at both Pousada Piuval and Fazenda Rio
Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
Recorded on most
days at REGUA, and another was seen at Pereque with others heard around
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Seen at REGUA and also in the Pantanal.
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
We tried a known territory at REGUA and soon got a response, although
despite the fact the bird came in really close at times it never stayed long
and flew off before many could get a satisfactory look at it.
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Sometimes referred to as Yellow-olive Flatbill.
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala
3 seen along the Tres Picos trail at Itatiaia and also seen near Ubatuba.
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Seen twice along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Seen along the Algulhas Negras road and also near Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Flycatcher Myiobius mastacalis
This endemic form
is sometimes considered conspecific with the more widespread Whiskered
Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus under that name, and Whiskered
(including Yellow-rumped within that group) is sometimes be considered
by some authors as conspecific with Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius
Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus
1 was seen along the Tres Picos trail, Itatiaia.
This species appears to replace Yellow-rumped at higher elevations.
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea
Recorded at REGUA and Itatiaia and also at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Seen at Rio Claro, in the Pantanal, and also around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri H
Only heard once, at REGUA.
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Recorded at a few sites in the southeast.
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Seen regularly in the Pantanal.
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinerea
One seen en-route to Pousada Piuval from Pocone was the only one seen.
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata
Recorded on three days in the Pantanal (at both Pousada Piuval & Faz.
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Recorded at REGUA and along the Algulhas Negras road.
Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus
regularly along the Algulhas Negras road, and also around the chalets at the
Hotel do Ype, Itatiaia.
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer
Seen regularly in roadside pools along the Transpantanal Highway.
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta
Commonly recorded around REGUA, where they are fairly common.
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
A common but cute bird, seen around the wetland at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge,
and also along the rivers and lakes in the Pantanal.
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
Seen around the wetland at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge.
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Recorded at REGUA, Pereque, Ubatuba and Itatiaia.
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
A common bird in many areas, especially the Pantanal around Pousada Piuval.
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant Muscipipra vetula
2 sightings of distant birds flycatching from the tops of trees, along the
Algulhas Negras road.
Dull-capped Attila Attila bolivianus
One was seen in a patch of gallery forest at Pousada Piuval.
This is sometimes referred to as White-eyed Attila.
Attila Attila rufus
One was seen on
our first full day at REGUA while others were heard around Ubatuba and Pereque.
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
A pair were seen at REGUA.
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
A single bird was seen at Fazenda Rio Claro, in the Pantanal.
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
This and the next very similar species seen on most days in the Pantanal,
sometimes even seen together when coming in to mob our Ferruginous Pymgy-Owl
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
This and the above very similar species seen on most days in the Pantanal,
sometimes even seen together when coming in to mob our Ferruginous Pymgy-Owl
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor
Recorded several times along the river at Fazenda Rio Claro and also along
the Transpantanal Highway.
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
One of the commonest flycatchers in many areas on the tour.
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
Seen a few times from the boat trips in the Pantanal.
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Regularly seen at lowland sites throughout.
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
One sighting at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus
One was seen along the entrance track at Pousada Piuval.
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
A commonly encountered bird throughout.
White-naped Xenopsaris Xenopsaris albinucha
2 were seen in scrub along the entrance track at Pousada Piuval.
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
One or two recorded at REGUA, Itatiaia and at Ubatuba.
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
A single male was seen at both Folha Seca (Ubatuba) and at Fazenda Rio
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
Only recorded at REGUA, including a pair in the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana
Seen at Itatiaia, Pereque and around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Only recorded once at Pereque and later once at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
A few seen on three or four days of the Pantanal part of the tour.
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer
Regularly seen along the rivers in the Pantanal.
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Only recorded on a few days of the tour - around the wetland at Guapi Assu
Bird Lodge and on one day in the Pantanal.
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
Recorded at many sites on the southeast part of the tour.
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis
Seen at REGUA on one day and also in Ubatuba on one day.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
A commonly encountered hirundine in the southeast.
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens
A few were seen around the wetland at REGUA.
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla
Regularly seen in the Pantanal both from the boat trips out of Piuval and
Rio Claro and along the Transpantaneira.
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus
Seen a number of times in the Pantanal, where it is a fairly common bird.
This unicolor race in western Mato Grasso has little or no spots on
the breast and is rarely split by some authors as Plain-breasted Wren.
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
Seen initially near the wetland at REGUA, where studious use of a Ferruginous
Pygmy-Owl tape brought a pair in eventually, and others were seen at Faz.
Rio Claro and along the trail at Pousada Penhasco, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis
them on a number of occasions previously, we finally got good looks along the
Long-billed Wren Thryothorus longirostris
times around REGUA, including in the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge garden.
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
A fairly common wren in the southeast and also seen in the cerrado around
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
A fairly common bird in Brazil, both on the southeast part of the tour and
also in the Pantanal.
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
Seen a number of times at some sites in the southeast (including REGUA,
Itatiaia & Ubatuba).
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
One of the most commonly encountered thrushes on the tour,
especially in the Pantanal.
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Recorded at REGUA, Itatiaia, along the Algulhas Negras road, in the Ubatuba
area and around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
First recorded at REGUA and later also seen in Ubatuba and in the Pantanal.
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus H
Only heard once, en-route to the coast (Agra dos Reis).
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Seen once at REGUA and once at Itatiaia.
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
2 were seen together at Fazenda Angelim, near to Ubatuba.
Masked Gnatcatcher Polioptila dumicola
A regularly seen bird in the Pantanal, where it was usually one of the most
reliable birds to come in to mob the Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl recording.
Curl-crested Jay Cyanocorax cristatellus
2 sightings around Chapada dos Guimaraes, including around the Bridal Veil
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
An introduced species frequently encountered in gas station forecourts!
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
1 was seen between Pousada Piuval and Rio Claro. This is an introduced
species in Brazil.
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
This race chivi is sometimes split off as Chivi Vireo.
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
Seen along the Theodoro trail (Nova Friburgo), Itatiaia and along the
Algulhas Negras road.
Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus
One was seen in the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge garden.
Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis
Single birds came in to to mob our Pygmy-Owl recordings on several
occasions in the Pantanal.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
Recorded at many sites on the tour including Macae de Cima, Itatiaia,
Chapada dos Guimaraes and in the Pantanal
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
A pair were seen shortly after seeing the Auracaria Tit-Spinetails
along the Algulhas Negras road.
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Seen at a REGUA a number of times, including in the garden there, at
Ubatuba and once in the Pantanal.
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Surprsingly difficult for us on the tour with only one bird seen briefly at
Fazenda Angelim, Ubatuba.
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
Regularly seen at Itatiaia, along the Tres Picos trail and along the road,
and also seen at Mace de Cima.
White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus
Recorded first during a lunch stop en-route to Chapada dos Guimaraes, and
later seen several times again around Chapada.
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
Only recorded around Mace de Cima, although another was heard at Itatiaia.
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus
One was seen well in a patch of gallery forest at Pousada Piuval.
Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis
One was seen at Pereque.
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Recorded at many sites, in all the areas (Pantanal, cerrado and southeast)
covered on the tour.
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Tanager Orchesticus abeillei
One small flock
(3-4 birds) was seen along the Tres Picos trail (Itatiaia) of this incredibly
foliage-gleaner like endemic tanager.
White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata
Seen on both visits to the 'cerrado'/Agua Fria road, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea
Also seen on both visits to the Agua Froa road in the ugly, roadside
stunted scrub there.
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana
Regularly seen around the feeders at Itatiaia.
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira
Only recorded once along the Transpantanal Highway, in a mixed Tanager
flock with Hooded Tanagers.
Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
endemic tanager was seen a number of times around REGUA and also seen later on
the tour at Itatiaia.
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
Only recorded at REGUA where they were encountered fairly regularly
(especially in the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge garden).
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
Surprisingly only recorded once, along the Transpantanal Highway, in a
mixed flock with Guira Tanagers.
Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus
After very poor
views near Nova Friburgo, we were pleased to see them extremely well at the
feeders of the Hotel do Ype, Itatiaia on several occasions.
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata
Unfortunately one was seen very briefly, and by only one member of the
group, at Pousada Piuval while we were looking for a Band-tailed Antbird
off the track.
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Seen a number of times at REGUA, and also seen around Ubatuba and at
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
A commonly encountered Tanager in the southeast.
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Only recorded around Chapada dos Guimaraes, where they were seen a number
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Seen on a few occasions at REGUA, Macae de Cima and also at Itatiaia.
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Seen a few times at REGUA and also recorded on the Theodoro trail.
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava
Two gaudy males were seen in the vicinity of the Bridal Veil Falls, Chapada dos
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo
Commonly seen (daily) in the Pantanal.
Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius
One of the most
stunning of all the endemics. The vividness of the red never fails to impress.
Seen really well a few times at REGUA and also very well at Ubatuba, including
coming into the private feeders at Folha Seca.
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
A commonly encountered tanager in both the southeast and in the Pantanal.
Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera
One was seen in
the garden of the private residence that has hummer feeders at Macae de Cima,
and 1 was also coming to the private feeders at Folha Seca, Ubatuba. 2 also
seen in a mixed flock with the very similar Sayaca Tanager at Pereque.
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata
Seen at a number
of sites in the southeast, including REGUA, coming to the feeders at Itatiaia
and also at Pereque.
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Recorded on all parts of the tour in small numbers (in the southeast,
Pantanal and cerrado around Chapada).
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
Only recorded along the Algulhas Negras road where they were seen in most
of the flocks along there.
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Singles recorded at a few sites on the southeast part of the tour.
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Recorded on three days in the Pantanal.
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
The most frequently encountered Euphonia in the southeast.
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
A few were seen around the cerrado of Chapada dos Guimaraes, at the end of
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
A few sightings at REGUA were the only ones recorded on the tour.
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Seen around REGUA, at the busy feeders at Itatiaia and also at Jonas's
amazing feeders at Folha Seca, Ubatuba.
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Only seen well at Itatiaia where a rediculous number were coming regularly
to the feeders there (into double figures).
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
One of the most common tanagers in the southeast, frequently encountered in
the colorful mixed flocks there.
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Surprisingly difficult on this tour, only seen along the Theodoro trail
(Nova Friburgo) and at Pereque.
Tanager Tangara desmaresti
Recorded at Macae
de Cima, Itatiaia (where seen in mixed flocks with Gilt-edged Tanager at
times) and along the Theodoro trail, near Nova Friburgo.
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris
Only recorded at
Itatiaia in mixed flocks with Brassy-breasted, along the Tres Picos
trail and along the road near there.
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Seen regularly around Guapi Assu including at the busy lodge garden
feeders, and also seen at Ubatuba and in Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
A commonly encountered bird in feeding flocks and at feeders at many sites.
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Only recorded around Ubatuba, where seen at Jonas's amazing action-packed
feeders at Folha Seca and also recorded around Angelim.
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
One pair was seen around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis
Seen at a few sites in the southeast and also around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma
2 birds were seen along the Agua Fria road, Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
Two sightings at REGUA.
Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus
A few seen in Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica
Two or three
sighings of a few birds in mixed flocks with the commoner Red-rumped
Warbling-finch along the Algulhas Negras road.
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis
Fairly commonly seen along the Algulhas Negras road, partularly in mixed
flocks (this was the only site we recorded them on the tour).
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Seen around REGUA, Ubatuba and also at Fazenda Rio Claro, and Chapada dos
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea
One was seen in the cerrado along the Agua Fria road, Chapada dos
Rusty-collared Seedeater Sporophila collaris
Just one sighting, along the Transpantanal Highway.
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
A few birds were seen at REGUA, Itatiaia, Pereque and Ubatuba and also at
Chapada dos Guimaraes.
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
Two sightings in the Pantanal.
Tawny-bellied Seedeater Sporophila hypoxantha
Several small groups were seen along the Transpantanal Highway.
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis
One seen at REGUA and a single seen en-route to the Pantanal from Cuiaba.
Sometimes referred to as Lesser Seedfinch, when considered conspecific
with Thick-billed Seedfinch..
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Commonly recorded in the Pantanal and REGUA.
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata
Only recorded on three occasions, twice around the feeders at Pousada
Piuval and another time a pair came into to mob a Ferruginous-Pygmy Owl recording
along with many Yellow-billed Cardinals and Masked Gnatcatchers
along the river at Fazenda Rio Claro.
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata
Common in the Pantanal, especially at Fazenda Rio Claro where there were an
astounding number attracted to the feeders there.
Sparrow Arremon semitorqutus
One was seen
really well at Pereque.
species is a recent split from Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus.
Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris
One seen at Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
Only one brief sighting at REGUA.
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
A common bird at many sites on the tour.
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
Recorded daily in small numbers in the Pantanal.
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Only recorded on one day of the tour, at REGUA.
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
One was seen near Nova Friburgo and a singing bird was seen at Folha Seca
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Recorded at a number of sites in the southeast (Guapi Assu, Macae de Cima,
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
One was photographed along the Algulhas Negras road, although unfortunately
almost all of us missed it, only finding out when we were asked to identify the
bird from the photo later that evening, once we had returned to our hotel.
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis
Only recorded in the cerrado around Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
Several large flocks (over 10 birds) were seen on one day at REGUA.
Unicolored Blackbird Agelaius cyanopus
Regularly recorded in the Pantanal.
Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius ruficapillus
Regularly seen around the wetland at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge.
Bay-winged Cowbird Molothrus badius
Fairly common in the Pantanal, where a few were seen on most days of that
part of the tour.
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Recorded a few times around Itatiaia and more regularly in the Pantanal.
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
Seen several times around the ranch at Pousada Piuval.
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis
Recorded frequently in the Pantanal.
Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus
A split from Troupial Icterus icterus.
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela
Recorded on most days in the Pantanal.
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Seen regularly in the southeast.
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
Only recorded along the Algulhas Negras road, where they were seen on a few
Solitary Cacique Cacicus solitarius
One sighting at Pousada Piuval and another two sightings at Rio Claro,
including a bird that came to the feeders in the garden there.
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
Seen regularly in the Pantanal and also recorded at Macae de Cima, Ubatuba
and Pereque in the southeast.
Scarlet-headed Blackbird Amblyramphus holosericeus
A really stunning blackbird, several small flocks were seen from one of the
Pousada Piuval boat rides.
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi
Fairly common on the Pantanaml section of the tour.
Crab-eating Fox Cerdocyon thous
1 was seen
walking across the garden at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge and another two were seen
along the Transpantal Highway.
Brazilian Tapir Tapiris terrestris
1 was seen from our first boat trip out of Fazenda Rio Claro. We watched it for
a short time feeding on vegetation on the surface of the water before it
retreated onto the bank, when it amazingly for such a massive animal it disappeared
from view in the sparse scrub cover.
Black Howler Monkey Alouatta caraya
Several troops were seen in the Pantanal.
Brown Capuchin Monkey Cebus apella
Only recorded at Itatiaia wher they were seen a few times near the Hotel do
Silvery Marmoset Callithrix argentata
Several sightings in the Pantanal, including at both Fazenda Rio Claro and
Masked Titi Monkey Callicebus personatus
Their loud, distinctive calls were heard often around Itatiaia although we
only saw them on one occasion along the Tres Picos trail.
South American Coati Nasua nasua
Most seen around Itatiaia where a large group (13+ individuals) came to feed on
roadside scraps of food that had been put out for them.
Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
Seen regularly in the Pantanal where the frequent roadside signs warn of the
possiblity of Capybaras crossing. Seen at both Pousada Piuval and Rio Claro as
well as along the Transpantaneira itself.
Azara's Agouti Dasyprocta azarae
Seen several times at Pousada Piuval in the Pantanal.
Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis
Some good views were had of two individuals fishing along a quiet stretch of
river from the boats at Rio Claro, although much better, prolonged views were
had of a family of at least 4 otters fishing in a relatively small roadside
pool along a section of the Transpantanal Highway north of there, (between Rio
Claro and Pousada Piuval).
Marsh Deer Blastocerus dichotomus
3 or 4 were seen along the Transpantanal Highway.
del Hoyo, J., Elliot,
A. & Sargatal. J. eds. (1999) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 6. Barn-Owls
to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Sargatal. J. eds. (2002) Handbook of the
Birds of the World. Vol. 7. Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Christie, D. A. eds. (2003) Handbook
of the Birds of the World. Vol. 8. Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions,
del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Christie, D. A. eds. (2004) Handbook
of the Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Lynx
Ridgely, Robert S. & Greenfield, Paul J. (2001) The Birds of Ecuador: Status, Distribution and Taxonomy. Cornell University Press, New