Photos with this report (click to enlarge)
The following is a summary of observations during my tenure as a volunteer guide at Cristalino Jungle Lodge from August 30-October 30, 2006.
Richard C. Hoyer
3919 N. Vine Ave. #2
Tucson, AZ 85719
calliope (at) theriver.com
bird species: 462
mammal species: 24
herp species: 38
butterfly species: 135
abbreviations: AF = Alta Floresta
ph = photograph obtained
r = voice recorded
Gray Tinamou, Tinamus tao detected twice, 1 flushed from between lodge clearings on 16 Sep. and 1 heard on W bank of Teles Pires on 26 Sep.
Great Tinamou, Tinamus major detected on 17 days
White-throated Tinamou, Tinamus guttatus detected once near jct. of Rochas and Caja on 1 Oct.
Cinereous Tinamou, Crypturellus cinereus detected on 32 days
Brown Tinamou, Crypturellus obsoletus detected on 5 days
Undulated Tinamou, Crypturellus undulatus detected on 9 days, both close to the Teles Pires and in the stretch of the Cristalino downstream from the Haffer trail.
Brazilian Tinamou, Crypturellus strigulosus detected on 30 days
Variegated Tinamou, Crypturellus variegatus detected on 22 days
Tataupa Tinamou, Crypturellus tataupa detected twice on the Serra
Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata detected on 9 days
Brazilian Teal, Amazonetta brasiliensis detected once on the way from AF
Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis guttata detected twice – once a group calling at lower Cigana Lagoon, and 1 seen in cecropias by Alojamento Borboleta just before lunch on 3 Oct.
Spix's Guan, Penelope jacquacu detected on 22 days
Red-throated Piping-Guan, Pipile cujubi detected on 32 days
Razor-billed Curassow, Mitu tuberosum detected on 29 days
ODONTOPHORIDAE (NEW WORLD QUAILS)
Marbled Wood-Quail, Odontophorus gujanensis detected on 10 days, mostly near area of end of Caja Extension
Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus detected on all boat trips
Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga detected on almost all boat trips, sometimes seen soaring from the tower
Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Tigrisoma lineatum detected on 20 days, mostly near floating deck, becoming vocal in predawn darkness near the end of my stay
Agami Heron, Agamia agami 1 ad. and 1 juv. seen on separate days, but both near the Amazona kawalli trail.
Boat-billed Heron, Cochlearius cochlearius detected on 2 days, on rocks at dusk close to the lodge
Zigzag Heron, Zebrilus undulatus detected on 15 days, vocal most every predawn after 15 Oct.
Striated Heron, Butorides striata detected on most boat trips
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis detected on all trips into AF, only twice on Cristalino
Cocoi Heron, Ardea cocoi A single individual on the Cristalino detected on most boat trips
Great Egret, Ardea alba seen on two days on trips to AF
Capped Heron, Pilherodius pileatus detected on 15 days
Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis cayennensis detected on 29 days, becoming very vocal predawn near the lodge by 15 Oct.
Wood Stork, Mycteria americana detected on 25 days; the rookery on the island contained nearly fully grown young by mid-Oct.
CATHARTIDAE (NEW WORLD VULTURES)
Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura detected on one day on the way to AF.
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Cathartes melambrotus detected almost every day; max of 10
Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus seen on most days at lodge, but usually only 2-6.
King Vulture, Sarcoramphus papa detected on 23 days
Osprey, Pandion haliaetus detected twice, 7 Sep and 13 Oct.
Gray-headed Kite, Leptodon cayanensis detected on 4 days
Hook-billed Kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus detected on 18 days, max of 10 at once from dry pond on Manakin trail on 11 Oct.
Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus detected on 29 days, max of 50 on 9 Oct.
Snail Kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis detected on 2 days, max of 9 at Limão on 17 Sep. Later in Oct. Karen and Mark saw a large group at the Ilha Ariosto.
Double-toothed Kite, Harpagus bidentatus detected on 10 days
Plumbeous Kite, Ictinia plumbea detected on 37 days, max of 40 on 30 Sep.
Gray-bellied Hawk, Accipiter poliogaster detected on two days, both flyovers; one on 26 Sep at Manakin trail pond and 1 on 26 Oct upriver from lodge.
Tiny Hawk, Accipiter superciliosus detected on one day; flyover on 26 Sep near Manakin trail pond.
Bicolored Hawk, Accipiter bicolor detected on day, flying and perched at big treefall on Taboca trail on 23 Sep.
White-browed Hawk, Leucopternis kuhli detected on 5 days, mostly of a pair at the tower (and seen on at least 3 additional days by others). Also one seen in forest on Castanheiras trail.
White Hawk, Leucopternis albicollis detected on two days, one from tower on 26 Oct. perched 450 meters distant to WNW; the other flying over the river downstream from Casthanherias trail on 29 Oct.
Great Black Hawk, Buteogallus urubitinga detected on 27 days, mostly pertaining to a juv. and adults near lodge.
Black-collared Hawk, Busarellus nigricollis detected on two days, both at Cigana Lagoons
Roadside Hawk, Buteo magnirostris detected on one day on trip to AF
Gray Hawk, Buteo nitidus detected once, on 10 Oct at Limão.
Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus detected only on one day: 3 together at tower, moving to ENE on the oddly early date of 11 Sep.
Crested Eagle, Morphnus guianensis seen by Mark and Karen (ph) perched near river downstream from Limão in late Oct.
Harpy Eagle, Harpia harpyja detected at nest at AF (I saw only the juv., but adults also seen on later dates by several clients); Karen also detected and ad. (ph) from the river upstream from Limão on 6 Oct.
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, Spizastur melanoleucus detected once, an adult soaring over from the floating deck on 28 Sep.
Black Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus tyrannus Gilmar and departing clients saw one perched near mouth of Cristalino the day he picked me up on my arrival, 30 Aug.; one probably seen briefly downstream from Castanheiras on 13 Sep.
Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Spizaetus ornatus detected on 13 days
Black Caracara, Daptrius ater detected 23 days, max of 5
Red-throated Caracara, Ibycter americanus detected on 28 days, max of 12
Southern Caracara, Caracara plancus detected on trips to/from AF
Laughing Falcon, Herpetotheres cachinnans detected on 8 days
Barred Forest-Falcon, Micrastur ruficollis detected on 12 days, mostly near lodge
Cryptic Forest-Falcon, Micrastur mintoni detected on 15 days, mostly between Torre and Saleiro
Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon, Micrastur mirandollei detected on 10 days, mostly near lodge
Collared Forest-Falcon, Micrastur semitorquatus detected on 2 days, once at AF on the morning of 30 Aug. and once on the Serra on 28 Sep.
American Kestrel, Falco sparverius detected twice on trips to AF
Bat Falcon, Falco rufigularis detected on 25 days
Limpkin, Aramus guarauna detected once; 19 Sep. by the floating deck
Dark-winged Trumpeter, Psophia viridis detected on 6 days in random locations; heard a couple times at dawn/dusk near the end of Oct.
Russet-crowned Crake, Anurolimnas viridis detected twice on the Serra
Gray-breasted Crake, Laterallus exilis detected 4 times from grassy areas at Limão
Ash-throated Crake, Porzana albicollis detected 3 times from grassy areas at Limão, probably the same individual each time
Sungrebe, Heliornis fulica detected on 9 days
Sunbittern, Eurypyga helias detected on 16 days, more when the river was low. Max of 3.
Pied Lapwing, Vanellus cayanus detected on 9 days, all at the Ilha Ariosto
Southern Lapwing, Vanellus chilensis detected on 4 days, twice on trip to AF, once at Limão, and once flying over at the Serra
Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria detected on one day, 31 Aug at Ilha Ariosto
Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius detected on 4 days
Wattled Jacana, Jacana jacana detected only on trips to/from AF
Yellow-billed Tern, Sternula superciliaris detected only on Teles Pires on 4 days
Large-billed Tern, Phaetusa simplex detected only on Teles Pires on 2 days
Ruddy Ground-Dove, Columbina talpacoti detected on 13 day, mostly at either Limão or Ilha Ariosto; at least in early September also at lodge beach.
Blue Ground-Dove, Claravis pretiosa detected on 3 days
Scaled Pigeon, Patagioenas speciosa detected on 4 days, mostly at the Cigana Lagoons
Plumbeous Pigeon, Patagioenas plumbea detected on most days
Ruddy Pigeon, Patagioenas subvinacea detected on most days
White-tipped Dove, Leptotila verreauxi detected on 2 days, at Limão and Cigana Lagoons
Gray-fronted Dove, Leptotila rufaxilla detected on 17 days, mostly from river at lodge
Violaceous Quail-Dove, Geotrygon violacea not detected for sure, though probably seen and tape recorded at about 1200 m on Taboca in early Sep.
Ruddy Quail-Dove, Geotrygon montana detected on 36 days, once a flushed female did distraction display on Manakin trail on 3 Oct.
Hyacinth Macaw, Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus not detected, but 2 possibly heard flying over forest on 20 Sep.
Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Ara ararauna detected on 37 days, max of 14
Scarlet Macaw, Ara macao detected on 28 days, max of 8
Red-and-green Macaw, Ara chloropterus detected on 31 days, max of 15
Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Ara severus detected 49 days, max of 35
Red-bellied Macaw, Orthopsittaca manilata detected on 5 days, max of 60 at Cigana Lagoon
White-eyed Parakeet, Aratinga leucophthalma detected on 42 days, max of 110
Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Pyrrhura perlata detected pm 26 days, max of 10
Painted Parakeet, Pyrrhura picta detected jon 30 days, max of 75
Dusky-billed Parrotlet, Forpus sclateri detected on 25 days, max of 15
Golden-winged Parakeet, Brotogeris chrysoptera detected on 38 days, max of 15
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Touit huetii detected on 26 days, max of 10
White-bellied Parrot, Pionites leucogaster detected on 35 days, max of 15
Orange-cheeked Parrot, Gypopsitta barrabandi detected on 7 days, mostly at Limão
Bald Parrot, Gypopsitta aurantiocephala one on 10 Oct. (ph) at the end of the road that cuts through the Parque Estadual between Limão and the Cigana Lagoons. First record for Cristalino Region.
Vulturine Parrot, Gypopsitta vulturina one possible (ph) at the same place as the previous
Blue-headed Parrot, Pionus menstruus detected nearly every day, max of 15
Yellow-crowned Parrot, Amazona ochrocephala detected on 13 days, mostly from tower
Kawall's Parrot, Amazona kawalli detected on 21 days
Mealy Parrot, Amazona farinosa not detected with certainty; birds heard and thought to be this species, but then later seen well, were determined to be A. kawalli
Red-fan Parrot, Deroptyus accipitrinus detected on 29 days, max of 3.
Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin detected on 4 days, all trips to Cigana Lagoons
Dark-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus melacoryphus detected on 4 days – once on the Serra and 3 times between 800-1500 m on Taboca
Squirrel Cuckoo, Piaya cayana detected on 28 days
Black-bellied Cuckoo, Piaya melanogaster detected on 11 days
Little Cuckoo, Piaya minuta detected on 2 days
Greater Ani, Crotophaga major detected on 34 days; max of 200 in one group on 24 Sep but disappearing abruptly after Oct 11, with only 3 individuals seen thereafter.
Smooth-billed Ani, Crotophaga ani detected on 24 days, usually just a pair around the lodge, at Limão, or on trips to AF
Guira Cuckoo, Guira guira detected once on trip to AF
TYTONIDAE (BARN OWLS)
Barn Owl, Tyto alba detected on one day at dusk flying by and calling at Tower on 19 Sep.
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl, Megascops watsonii detected on 28 days, including one bathing at the Saleiro after dark.
Crested Owl, Lophostrix cristata detected on 9 days, including a pair flushed off Haffer Trail during the day (ph).
Spectacled Owl, Pulsatrix perspicillata detected on 2 days – one being mobbed by passerines at day roost on Manakin Trail on 21 Sep. and 1 calling at lodge on 21 Oct.
Mottled Owl, Ciccaba virgata detected on one day – calling predawn upstream from the Teles Pires Trail crossing of the Saleiro Stream on 16 Oct.
Black-banded Owl, Ciccaba huhula not detected with certainty, but one possible heard at about 900 m on Taboca on 2 Sep.
Amazonian Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium hardyi detected on 10 days, including 3 birds singing at once from the Tower on 28 Oct., each at a different pitch nearly forming a perfect minor triad chord.
Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia detected on the Carvalho Ranch
Great Potoo, Nyctibius grandis detected on 10 days, most involving ad. on chick on the Serra up until 14 Sep. (fledged or disappeared shortly thereafter), but also seen/heard from river at and at least once at lodge.
Long-tailed Potoo, Nyctibius aethereus detected on three days. First heard, but not recognized at first, about 1 km downstream from lodge on 9 Oct. Then heard, seen, and recorded about 100 m before the high point of Teles Pires Trail predawn on 14 and 16 Oct. Second and third record for Cristalino Region.
Common Potoo, Nyctibius griseus detected on 4 days, all downstream from lodge, including one on probable nest 1/2 km down from lodge starting 19 Oct.
Short-tailed Nighthawk, Lurocalis semitorquatus detected on 22 days
Common Nighthawk, Chordeiles minor not detected with certainty; see next.
Lesser/Common Nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis/minor One Chordeiles sp. was likely C. minor, flying very high and towards the east over the lodge at dusk on 8 Oct.
Common Pauraque, Nyctidromus albicollis detected on at least 26 days, including one on egg starting 23 Sep.
Ocellated Poorwill, Nyctiphrynus ocellatus detected on 10 days, with bird on chick up to about 5 Sep at ~330 m. on Taboca.
Silky-tailed Nightjar, Caprimulgus sericocaudatus detected on 4 days up to 2 birds at a time, about 300 m downstream from the lower end of Manakin Trail, first on 6 Sep. from boat, and up until at least 16 Oct., when seen by Nick Athanas and group from the new trail to this area cut by me and Francisco. Second record for Cristalino Region.
Blackish Nightjar, Caprimulgus nigrescens detected on 33 days, but always present on the south-facing roof of staff dorm; female on egg starting 25 Sep., chick after 11 Oct.
Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Hydropsalis climacocerca detected regularly at rocky Ilha, including bird doing distraction display on 26 Sep.; detected as individuals four times on Cristalino only after 17 Oct.
White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris detected on three days only after 26 Oct.
Gray-rumped Swift, Chaetura cinereiventris detected on 14 days, both from river and Tower
Pale-rumped Swift, Chaetura egregia detected on 14 days, both from river and Tower
Amazonian Swift, Chaetura viridipennis not detected with certainty, see below
Sick's Swift, Chaetura meridionalis not detected with certainty, see below
brown-rumped swift, Chaetura sp. detected daily. The only "brown-rumped" swift on the official list is Amazonian Swift, and that may be a relatively safe assumption, but the possibility of the presence of Chapman's Swift and Chimney Swift doesn't seem to have been thoroughly eliminated, and field ID is highly problematical.
spine-tailed swifts, Chaetura sp. many small swifts seen daily, but rump color and size not always apparent
Short-tailed Swift, Chaetura brachyura detected on 10 days, max of 10.
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Tachornis squamata detected on 6 days, every trip to Cigana Lagoons and at palm grove to/from AF.
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift, Panyptila cayennensis detected twice: one flying over at Ilha Ariosto on 11 Oct and 2 close by the Tower on 26 Oct.
Rufous-breasted Hermit, Glaucis hirsutus detected on 7 days, mostly around lodge, but certainly overlooked.
new hermit, Phaethornis sp. nov. detected on 22 days, incl. one found alive in Biblioteca which later died on 6 Sep.
Reddish Hermit, Phaethornis ruber detected on 6 days
White-bearded Hermit, Phaethornis hispidus detected on 14 days
Eastern Long-tailed Hermit, Phaethornis superciliosus detected on two days
large hermit, Phaethornis sp detected on 11 days
Gray-breasted Sabrewing, Campylopterus largipennis detected on 29 days
White-necked Jacobin, Florisuga mellivora detected on 6 days, mostly from river
Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax nigricollis detected on 15 days
Crimson Topaz, Topaza pella not detected, but Francisco saw an ad. in mid-Oct in the forest understory just past the dry stream and before the steepest part of the climb up the Serra on the way to the Mirante.
Festive Coquette, Lophornis chalybeus detected on one day, a male perched and preening in the presence of a mixed flock by a tree fall on Cacao Trail on 29 Sep. (ph).
Black-bellied Thorntail, Discosura langsdorffi detected on 4 days, all but one on the Serra; additional brief sightings of females on the Serra and at Limão
Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania furcata detected on 47 days, very often at the Calliandra by the greeting shelter.
White-chinned Sapphire, Hylocharis cyanus detected on 14 days
Versicolored Emerald, Amazilia versicolor detected on 10 days
Glittering-throated Emerald, Amazilia fimbriata detected on one day, at the dry pond on the Manakin Trail on 26 Sep.
Gould's Jewelfront, Heliodoxa aurescens detected on one day, at the Parque Estadual road below the Cigana Lagoons on 5 Sep.
Black-eared Fairy, Heliothryx auritus detected on 18 days
Long-billed Starthroat, Heliomaster longirostris detected on 25 days
Amethyst Woodstar, Calliphlox amethystina detected on 6 days, all but one day during the week spanning 24-30 Sep., clearly a very short window of migration/dispersal.
White-tailed Trogon, Trogon viridis detected on 35 days
Blue-crowned Trogon, Trogon curucui detected on 11 days, almost always along the river.
Violaceous Trogon, Trogon violaceus detected on 4 days, usually near the Tower
Collared Trogon, Trogon collar detected on 15 days
Black-throated Trogon, Trogon rufus detected on 2 days, on Rochas trail near Torre
Black-tailed Trogon, Trogon melanurus detected on 38 days
Pavonine Quetzal, Pharomachrus pavoninus detected on 1 day, 6 Sep., a bird seen by many on the Castanheiras trail. Karen also heard twice in October on the distant end of Caja trail.
Ringed Kingfisher, Megaceryle torquata detected on 33 days
Amazon Kingfisher, Chloroceryle amazona detected on 50 days
Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana detected on 29 days
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher, Chloroceryle inda detected on 21 days
American Pygmy Kingfisher, Chloroceryle aenea detected on 3 days
Broad-billed Motmot, Electron platyrhynchum detected on 3 days, all the same bird at the stream crossing of Teles Pires trail.
Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus momota detected on 41 days, but mostly heard and possibly not differentiated with 100% certainty from Rufous Motmot. However, vocalizing birds seen at least 4 times to confirm ID as this one.
Brown Jacamar, Brachygalba lugubris detected on 9 days, all from river between "middle rock" and Amazona kawalli trail, except for one pair at about 1300 m on Taboca trail on 20 Sep.
Blue-cheeked Jacamar, Galbula cyanicollis detected on 6 days
Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Galbula ruficauda detected on 31 days, with one feeding young in nest hole at Castanheiras trail landing on and after 6 Sep.
Bronzy Jacamar, Galbula leucogastra detected on 6 days, all referring to the same individuals/pair on the Amazona kawalli trail and at or near the Manakin Trail dry pond.
Paradise Jacamar, Galbula dea detected on 41 days, feeding young in nest in termite mound on 28 Sep. and later.
Great Jacamar, Jacamerops aureus detected on one day, at the Parque Estadual road below the Cigana Lagoons on 5 Sep. Mark heard also on Castanheiras and Saleiro a couple times after mid-Oct.
White-necked Puffbird, Notharchus hyperrhynchus detected on 16 days
Brown-banded Puffbird, Notharchus ordii detected on 7 days, both at and near dry pond on Manakin Trail and at Tower; also seen by others from river below Serra trail landing.
Pied Puffbird, Notharchus tectus detected on 3 days, all from Serra Mirante do São Francisco, max of 5 on 9 Oct.
Spotted Puffbird, Bucco tamatia detected on 2 days, both near highest part of Serra.
Collared Puffbird, Bucco capensis detected on 8 days, mostly heard, even from within my room on 2 consecutive mornings 5-6 Sep., but also along Caja, 900 m on Taboca, near stream crossing of Teles Pires trail, and about 1.5 km downstream from lodge from boat.
Striolated Puffbird, Nystalus striolatus detected on 6 days, from Tower, Serra, and rocky outcropping of Cacao trail.
Rufous-necked Puffbird, Malacoptila rufa detected on 5 days on Rochas, Manakin and Caja; one nesting at about 1200 m on the Caja trail, found by Francisco around 15 Oct, seen bringing food to incubating/brooding partner on 29 Oct.
Rusty-breasted Nunlet, Nonnula rubecula detected on one day, watched in the scope about 100 m w of the dry pond on the Manakin Trail on 21 Sep. The all drab upperside (including forecrown) and complete white eyering were apparent.
Rufous-capped Nunlet, Nonnula ruficapilla detected on 12 days
Black-fronted Nunbird, Monasa nigrifrons detected nearly every day, one seen carrying food on 8 Oct.
White-fronted Nunbird, Monasa morphoeus detected on 32 days
Swallow-winged Puffbird, Chelidoptera tenebrosa detected nearly every day, with nest holes apparently active the entire two months.
CAPITONIDAE (NEW WORLD BARBETS)
Black-girdled Barbet, Capito dayi detected on 20 days, including nearly every visit to the Tower
White-throated Toucan, Ramphastos tucanus detected on 47 days; one using nest hole on Caja near Rochas crossing on 15 Oct. and thereafter.
Channel-billed Toucan, Ramphastos vitellinus detected on 27 days
Gould's Toucanet, Selenidera gouldii detected on 10 days
Lettered Aracari, Pteroglossus inscriptus detected on 13 days
Red-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus bitorquatus detected on 20 days
Black-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus aracari detected on 5 days
Chestnut-eared Aracari, Pteroglossus castanotis detected on 28 days; carrying food to cavity on 26 Oct. at lodge clearing.
Curl-crested Aracari, Pteroglossus beauharnaesii detected on 32 days
Bar-breasted Piculet, Picumnus aurifrons detected on 15 days
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, Melanerpes cruentatus detected on 10 days, only once from the Tower.
Little Woodpecker, Veniliornis passerinus detected on one day, a male at Limão on 19 Sep.
Red-stained Woodpecker, Veniliornis affinis detected on 18 days
Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Piculus flavigula detected on 13 days
Golden-green Woodpecker, Piculus chrysochloros detected 3 days
Scale-breasted Woodpecker, Celeus grammicus detected on 10 days
Chestnut Woodpecker, Celeus elegans detected on 7 days, all but one pertaining to one individual drumming most mornings near lodge starting on 20 Oct.
Cream-colored Woodpecker, Celeus flavus detected on 7 days, most near lodge after 20 Oct.
Ringed Woodpecker, Celeus torquatus detected on 10 days
Lineated Woodpecker, Dryocopus lineatus detected on 5 days
Red-necked Woodpecker, Campephilus rubricollis detected on 11 days
Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Campephilus melanoleucos detected on 10 days
FURNARIIDAE (OVENBIRDS AND WOODCREEPERS)
Ruddy Spinetail, Synallaxis rutilans detected on 3 days
Chestnut-throated Spinetail, Synallaxis cherriei detected on 12 days
Plain-crowned Spinetail, Synallaxis gujanensis detected on 4 days
Rusty-backed Spinetail, Cranioleuca vulpina detected on 7 days
Speckled Spinetail, Cranioleuca gutturata detected on one day, a bird with a mixed flock near the jct. of the Rochas and Torre trails and Saleiro loop start on 20 Sep.
Point-tailed Palmcreeper, Berlepschia rikeri detected on 2 days at usual spots.
Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Ancistrops strigilatus detected on 12 days
Striped Woodhaunter, Hyloctistes subulatus detected on one day, in mixed flock at Tower on 22 Sep.
Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner, Philydor ruficaudatum detected on 13 day, but possibly inflated due to confusion with P. erythrocercum on some occasions.
Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Philydor erythrocercum detected on 17 days
Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner, Philydor erythropterum detected on 6 days
Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Philydor pyrrhodes detected on 6 days
Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner, Anabazenops dorsalis detected on 3 days
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Automolus ochrolaemus detected on 19 days
Para Foliage-gleaner, Automolus paraensis detected on 3 days
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner, Automolus rufipileatus detected on 16 days
Short-billed Leaftosser, Sclerurus rufigularis detected on 1 day at 1200 m on Saleiro loop on 16 Oct. (r)
Black-tailed Leaftosser, Sclerurus caudacutus detected on 1 day at 1300 m on Taboca trail on 15 Oct. (r)
Slender-billed Xenops, Xenops tenuirostris detected on 5 days, mostly on the Serra (ph and r)
Plain Xenops, Xenops minutus detected on 13 days
Streaked Xenops, Xenops rutilans detected on 1 day on top of New Serra dome (r)
Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla fuliginosa detected on 3 days
White-chinned Woodcreeper, Dendrocincla merula detected on 7 days
Long-tailed Woodcreeper, Deconychura longicauda detected on 16 days
Spot-throated Woodcreeper, Deconychura stictolaema detected on 1 day, a pair at about 500 m on Teles Pires trail on 1 Oct.
Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Sittasomus griseicapillus detected on 4 days
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Glyphorynchus spirurus detected on 21 days
Long-billed Woodcreeper, Nasica longirostris detected on 25 days
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper, Dendrexetastes rufigula detected on 7 days
Red-billed Woodcreeper, Hylexetastes perrotii detected on 2 days, a pair at L in Manakin Trail on 9 Sep. and one very vocal (r) on trail to New Serra on 18 Oct.
Strong-billed Woodcreeper, Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus detected on 9 days
Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper, Dendrocolaptes certhia detected on 48 days
Black-banded Woodcreeper, Dendrocolaptes picumnus detected on 5 days
Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus picus detected on 13 days
Striped Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus obsoletus detected on 25 days
Spix's Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus spixii detected on 12 days
Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Xiphorhynchus guttatus detected on 28 days
Lineated Woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes albolineatus detected on 12 days
Curve-billed Scythebill, Campylorhamphus procurvoides detected on 18 days
Fasciated Antshrike, Cymbilaimus lineatus detected on 14 days
Great Antshrike, Taraba major detected on 4 days
Glossy Antshrike, Sakesphorus luctuosus detected on 29 days
Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Thamnophilus palliatus detected on 13 days
White-shouldered Antshrike, Thamnophilus aethiops detected on 7 days
Plain-winged Antshrike, Thamnophilus schistaceus detected on 41 days
Natterer's Slaty-Antshrike, Thamnophilus stictocephalus detected on 7 days
Amazonian Antshrike, Thamnophilus amazonicus detected on 18 days
Saturnine Antshrike, Thamnomanes saturninus detected on 17 days
Cinereous Antshrike, Thamnomanes caesius detected on 48 days; female on nest with 2 eggs at about 900 m on Haffer trail on 17 Sep.
Spot-winged Antshrike, Pygiptila stellaris detected on 25 days
White-eyed Antwren, Myrmotherula leucophthalma detected on 31 days
Ornate Antwren, Myrmotherula ornata detected on 15 days
Pygmy Antwren, Myrmotherula brachyura detected on 31 days
Sclater's Antwren, Myrmotherula sclateri detected on 20 days
Amazonian Streaked-Antwren, Myrmotherula multostriata detected on 28 days
Plain-throated Antwren, Myrmotherula hauxwelli detected on 32 days
White-flanked Antwren, Myrmotherula axillaris detected on 7 days
Long-winged Antwren, Myrmotherula longipennis detected on 17 days
Gray Antwren, Myrmotherula menetriesii detected on 25 days
Banded Antbird, Dichrozona cincta detected on 8 days
Rufous-winged Antwren, Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus detected on 28 days
Dot-winged Antwren, Microrhopias quixensis detected on 24 days
White-fringed Antwren, Formicivora grisea detected on 3 days, all on the Serra
Striated Antbird, Drymophila devillei detected on 23 days
Gray Antbird, Cercomacra cinerascens detected on 43 days
Blackish Antbird, Cercomacra nigrescens detected on 9 days
Manu Antbird, Cercomacra manu detected on 5 days
White-backed Fire-eye, Pyriglena leuconota detected on 4 days
White-browed Antbird, Myrmoborus leucophrys detected on 20 days
Black-faced Antbird, Myrmoborus myotherinus detected on 33 days
Warbling Antbird, Hypocnemis cantator detected on 31 days
Yellow-browed Antbird, Hypocnemis hypoxantha detected on one day, a pair (ph and r) in dense, low cover near high point of Serra trail on 18 Oct. Same area as seen in previous years and seen or heard by others on several days after this.
Band-tailed Antbird, Hypocnemoides maculicauda detected on 21 days
Silvered Antbird, Sclateria naevia detected on 11 days
Spot-winged Antbird, Schistocichla leucostigma detected on 2 days, a female foraging near the ground in a mixed flock near the stream crossing of Teles Pires trail on 15 Oct., and one trolled in by Mark at the main stream crossing of the Cacao trail on 28 Oct.
Black-throated Antbird, Myrmeciza atrothorax detected on 7 days, mostly on w bank of Teles Pires, but also one day singing at midday behind dorms on 28 Sep.
Wing-banded Antbird, Myrmornis torquata not detected by me, but one seen and r by John and David Luther at about 500 m on Taboca trail on 12 Oct.
Bare-eyed Antbird, Rhegmatorhina gymnops detected on 15 days
Spot-backed Antbird, Hylophylax naevius detected on 15 days
Dot-backed Antbird, Hylophylax punctulatus detected on 15 days
Scale-backed Antbird, Hylophylax poecilinotus detected on 14 days
Black-spotted Bare-eye, Phlegopsis nigromaculata detected on 17 days
Rufous-capped Antthrush, Formicarius colma detected on 3 days
Black-faced Antthrush, Formicarius analis detected on 10 days
Striated Antthrush, Chamaeza nobilis detected on 4 days
Variegated Antpitta, Grallaria varia detected on 13 days mostly pertaining to same two birds, one between Saleiro and stream crossing of Teles Pires trail and one on west bank of Cristalino upstream from the Serra trail landing, often audible from Mirante.
Spotted Antpitta, Hylopezus macularius detected on 13 days, almost always pertaining to two territories audible from jct. of Caja and Rochas
Amazonian Antpitta, Hylopezus berlepschi detected on 2 days, only just below lower Cigana Lagoon
Thrush-like Antpitta, Myrmothera campanisona detected on 11 days
Chestnut-belted Gnateater, Conopophaga aurita detected on 1 day, a known territory about 75 m down the Tapiri trail from the Castanheiras trail
TYRANNIDAE (TYRANT FLYCATCHERS)
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet, Tyrannulus elatus detected on 31 days
Forest Elaenia, Myiopagis gaimardii detected on 43 days
Gray Elaenia, Myiopagis caniceps detected on 17 days
Greenish Elaenia, Myiopagis viridicata detected on 7 days, all in iagpó-type forest along Caja (river side) or Manakin trails.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Elaenia flavogaster not detected with certainty, but possibly seen on Ilha Ariosto on 31 Aug.
Large Elaenia, Elaenia spectabilis detected only once with certainty, one seen and heard calling at Limão on 27 Sep., and probably seen on Ilha Ariosto on 31 Aug.
Small-billed Elaenia, Elaenia parvirostris detected on 2 days, 11 and 26 Sep.
White-lored Tyrannulet, Ornithion inerme detected on 19 days
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Camptostoma obsoletum detected on 25 days
Yellow Tyrannulet, Capsiempis flaveola detected on 1 day, a pair at about 200 m on Taboca Trail on 7 Sep.
Ringed Antpipit, Corythopis torquatus detected on 8 days
Slender-footed Tyrannulet, Zimmerius gracilipes detected on 29 days
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Mionectes oleagineus detected on 16 days
Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Leptopogon amaurocephalus detected on 14 days
Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher, Sublegatus obscurior detected on 3 days, all at Limão
Plain Tyrannulet, Inezia inornata detected on two days, both at the Estrada do Nilson landing on the w bank of the Teles Pires, first one individual on 7 Sep. (r), and then a pair in the same spot on 22 Sep. First record for Cristalino Region.
Amazonian Tyrannulet, Inezia subflava detected on 4 days, every visit to the small rocky islet by Ilha Ariosto
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant, Myiornis ecaudatus detected on 12 days
Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant, Lophotriccus galeatus detected on 46 days; a nest discovered by David Luther at 500 m on Taboca still had eggs on 20 Oct.
Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant, Hemitriccus minor detected on 1 day on about 50 m from landing on W bank of Teles Pires.
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant, Hemitriccus griseipectus detected on 24 days
Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant, Hemitriccus minimus detected on 3 days, both at the dry pond on Manakin trail and just downriver from Amazona kawalli trail and, E bank of Cristalino.
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum maculatum detected on 11 days, incl nest with young at lower Cigana Lagoon on 5 Sep.
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher, Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum detected on 18 days
Olivaceous Flatbill, Rhynchocyclus olivaceus detected on day, at about 400 m on Manakin Trail (just before L) on 21 Sep.
Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Tolmomyias sulphurescens detected on one day, just before jct. of Rochas and Torre trails on 14 Oct. (r).
Yellow-margined Flycatcher, Tolmomyias assimilis detected on 26 days
Gray-crowned Flycatcher, Tolmomyias poliocephalus detected on 34 days incl nest with young at lodge after 16 Oct.
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher, Tolmomyias flaviventris detected on 6 days, Serra and Limão
Cinnamon-crested Spadebill, Platyrinchus saturatus detected on two days: 20 m up Rochas from Figueira jct. on 7 Oct. and 1 on Cacao 600 m on 28 Oct.
Golden-crowned Spadebill, Platyrinchus coronatus detected on two days, one 75 m before downstream end of Cacao on 15 Sep. and a pair at the main stream crossing on Haffer on 17 Sep.
White-crested Spadebill, Platyrinchus platyrhynchos detected on 17 days
Royal Flycatcher, Onychorhynchus coronatus detected on 11 days
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Myiobius barbatus detected on one day, in a big mixed flock at jct. of Castanheiras and Tapiri on 6 Sep.
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher, Terenotriccus erythrurus detected on 15 days
Euler's Flycatcher, Lathrotriccus euleri detected on 21 days
Olive-sided Flycatcher, Contopus cooperi not detected by me, but 1 seen by Mark and Karen on the Serra on 28 Oct.
Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens not detected with certainty, but probably heard on the Serra on 2 Oct.
Drab Water-Tyrant, Ochthornis littoralis detected on two days on Teles Pires, incl. nest with two eggs at Estrada do Nilson landing on 5 Sep.
Black-backed Water-Tyrant, Fluvicola albiventer detected on two days, both at rocky islet next to Ilha Ariosto
Long-tailed Tyrant, Colonia colonus detected on 17 days, most a pair at Torre
Piratic Flycatcher, Legatus leucophaius detected on 20 days
Rusty-margined Flycatcher, Myiozetetes cayanensis detected on 44 days, only at lodge and Limão
Social Flycatcher, Myiozetetes similis detected on one day, a single bird at the Tower calling and moving quickly from treetop to treetop on 5 Oct.
Dusky-chested Flycatcher, Myiozetetes luteiventris detected on 13 days
Great Kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus detected on 5 days
Lesser Kiskadee, Pitangus lictor detected on 6 days
Three-striped Flycatcher, Conopias trivirgatus not detected with certainty, but two actively calling birds opposite the downstream end of the Manakin trail/Silky-tailed Nightjar extension (400 m downstream from the lower end of Manakin trail) on 16 Oct. were likely this species. Unrecorded from Cristalino Region
Streaked Flycatcher, Myiodynastes maculatus detected on two days
Boat-billed Flycatcher, Megarynchus pitangua detected on one day at Limão
Sulphury Flycatcher, Tyrannopsis sulphurea detected on one day en route from AF
Variegated Flycatcher, Empidonomus varius detected on 28 days
Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher, Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus detected on 8 days
White-throated Kingbird, Tyrannus albogularis detected on 3 days between 13-19 Sep.
Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus detected on 28 days
Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus savana detected on 5 days between 12-30 Sep.
Grayish Mourner, Rhytipterna simplex detected on 21 days
Sirystes, Sirystes sibilator detected on 2 days, both on the Serra and New Serra
Rufous Casiornis, Casiornis rufus detected on one day, with one heard but not seen on the Serra on 2 Oct.
Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Myiarchus tuberculifer detected on 27 days
Short-crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus ferox detected on 29 days
Brown-crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus tyrannulus detected on 4 days between 17 Sep. and 2 Oct.
Large-headed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon megacephalum detected on 26 days
Rufous-tailed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon ruficauda detected on 12 days
Dusky-tailed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon fuscicauda detected on 10 days, incl. nest on Haffer trail on 8 Oct., with 2 nestlings on 24 Oct.
Cinnamon Attila, Attila cinnamomeus detected on 47 days
Bright-rumped Attila, Attila spadiceus detected on 8 days, all at at 450-600 m Taboca
Rufous-tailed Attila, Attila phoenicurus not detected, but client Ingrid described a bird that fit this species in vegetation low over river from floating deck on 27 Sep.
Plum-throated Cotinga, Cotinga maynana not detected, but ph by Karen from river between Serra and Haffer in late Oct.
Spangled Cotinga, Cotinga cayana detected on 37 days
Screaming Piha, Lipaugus vociferans detected on 42 days
Purple-throated Cotinga, Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema detected on one day, a male at Mirante do São Francisco on 28 Sep.
Pompadour Cotinga, Xipholena punicea detected on 3 days
Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Gymnoderus foetidus detected on 30 days
Amazonian Umbrellabird, Cephalopterus ornatus detected on 5 days
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, Tyranneutes stolzmanni detected on 37 days
Fiery-capped Manakin, Machaeropterus pyrocephalus detected on 38 days
Snow-capped Manakin, Lepidothrix nattereri detected on 9 days
Blue-backed Manakin, Chiroxiphia pareola detected on 28 days
Flame-crowned Manakin, Heterocercus linteatus detected on 20 days
White-crowned Manakin, Pipra pipra detected on 6 days
Band-tailed Manakin, Pipra fasciicauda detected on 12 days, most at leks on Taboca and Cacao trails
Red-headed Manakin, Pipra rubrocapilla detected on 47 days
Black-crowned Tityra, Tityra inquisitor detected on 6 days
Black-tailed Tityra, Tityra cayana detected on 1 day, near highest point of Teles Pires trail on 14 Oct.; possibly overlooked
Masked Tityra, Tityra semifasciata detected on 27 days
Varzea Schiffornis, Schiffornis major detected on 3 days, all at Cigana Lagoons
Thrush-like Schiffornis, Schiffornis turdina detected on 43 days
Cinereous Mourner, Laniocera hypopyrra detected on 5 days
White-browed Purpletuft, Iodopleura isabellae detected on 7 days
Chestnut-crowned Becard, Pachyramphus castaneus detected on 3 days
White-winged Becard, Pachyramphus polychopterus detected on 18 days, including pair trying to start nest at lodge on 16 Oct.
Black-capped Becard, Pachyramphus marginatus detected on 6 days, always in canopy mixed flocks
Pink-throated Becard, Pachyramphus minor detected on 4 days, mostly involving a pair on the Serra, which was starting a nest on 28 Sep.
Crested Becard, Pachyramphus validus not detected with certainty, but possible females seen in large mixed flock at jct. of Castanheiras and Tapiri trails on 6 Sep. and on Manakin trail on 9 Sep.
Wing-barred Piprites, Piprites chloris detected on 20 days
Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Cyclarhis gujanensis detected on 8 days
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo, Vireolanius leucotis detected on 13 days
Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus detected on 14 days, all but one sighting before 5 Oct.
Gray-chested Greenlet, Hylophilus semicinereus detected on 41 days
Dusky-capped Greenlet, Hylophilus hypoxanthus detected on 36 days
Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Hylophilus ochraceiceps detected on 6 days
White-winged Swallow, Tachycineta albiventer detected every day, throughout period nesting in floats, fallen trees and in motor of one of the boats
Purple Martin, Progne subis detected on 33 days, first an ad. male at Tower on 13 Sep. and then nearly every day after 19 Sep. Max flock size ~500 on at least a couple days, apparently dispersing from a nightly roost to the NW, perhaps along the Teles Pires; all or nearly all still molting pp 6-7 and some tail feathers.
Gray-breasted Martin, Progne chalybea, 2, nesting in tower detected on 14 days, mostly a pair consistently at Tower until 20 Sep.
White-banded Swallow, Atticora fasciata detected every day
Black-collared Swallow, Atticora melanoleuca detected on one day, two birds flying high at Ilha Ariosto on 11 Oct., where also reported on a couple occasions by other groups.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis detected every day
swallow/martin species, Hirundinidae sp. a flock of 250+ over the Teles Pires a km or two downriver from the main landing on 7 Sep. clearly predated the main arrival of Purple Martins.
Scaly-breasted Wren, Microcerculus marginatus detected on 10 days
Tooth-billed Wren, Odontorchilus cinereus detected on 26 days
House Wren, Troglodytes aedon detected on 5 days, all at Limão
Thrush-like Wren, Campylorhynchus turdinus detected on 10 days, apparently all the same pair heard sporadically all along Taboca and as far as Caja extension heard from Tower
Moustached Wren, Thryothorus genibarbis detected on 34 days
Buff-breasted Wren, Thryothorus leucotis detected on 37, including nest building at Ilha Ariosto on 5 Oct.
Musician Wren, Cyphorhinus arada detected on 11 days
Long-billed Gnatwren, Ramphocaenus melanurus detected on 33 days, with recently fledged juv. on Taboca on 6 Oct.
Guianan Gnatcatcher, Polioptila guianensis detected on 2 days, both in mixed canopy flocks, one at about 90 m on Castanheiras trail on 19 Sep., the other at the New Serra dome on 18 Oct.
Black-capped Donacobius, Donacobius atricapilla detected on 6 days, including every visit to the Cigana Lagoons, stop at palms en route to or from AF, and a lone bird at the floating deck and lodge on 24 Oct.
Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii detected on 22 days
Hauxwell's/Cocoa Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli/fumigatus detected on 46 days. There is apparently dispute as to which form is here, but they are probably conspecific anyway. Song much more closely matches that of Cocoa Thrush from Manaus rather than Hauxwell's Thrush from Rancho Grande, Rondônia; I never saw one well enough to study, but differences mostly comparative anyway. One investigating nest low in palm at Saleiro on 21 Sep.
White-necked Robin, Turdus albicollis detected 7 times, always near streams of Saleiro loop or 900 m on Taboca; song heard only after 20 Oct. and regularly thereafter.
Red-billed Pied Tanager, Lamprospiza melanoleuca detected on 20 days
Flame-crested Tanager, Tachyphonus cristatus detected on 21 days
White-shouldered Tanager, Tachyphonus luctuosus detected on 16 days
White-winged Shrike-Tanager, Lanio versicolor detected on 6 days
Silver-beaked Tanager, Ramphocelus carbo detected on 41 days
Blue-gray Tanager, Thraupis episcopus detected on 6 days
Sayaca Tanager, Thraupis sayaca detected on one day, at Ilha Ariosto on 31 Aug.
Palm Tanager, Thraupis palmarum detected every day, exhibiting nesting behavior in greeting shelter roof
Turquoise Tanager, Tangara mexicana detected on 13 days
Paradise Tanager, Tangara chilensis detected on 9 days
Green-and-gold Tanager, Tangara schrankii detected on 5 days
Spotted Tanager, Tangara punctata detected on 1 day, on top of New Serra on 18 Oct.
Bay-headed Tanager, Tangara gyrola detected on 17 days
Masked Tanager, Tangara nigrocincta detected on 11 days
Opal-rumped Tanager, Tangara velia detected on 3 days
Swallow Tanager, Tersina viridis detected on 26 days
Black-faced Dacnis, Dacnis lineata detected on 15 days
Yellow-bellied Dacnis, Dacnis flaviventer detected on 18 days
Blue Dacnis, Dacnis cayana detected on 20 days
Short-billed Honeycreeper, Cyanerpes nitidus detected on 7 days
Purple Honeycreeper, Cyanerpes caeruleus detected on 15 days
Green Honeycreeper, Chlorophanes spiza detected on 6 days
Yellow-backed Tanager, Hemithraupis flavicollis detected on 7 days
Chestnut-vented Conebill, Conirostrum speciosum detected on 1 day – a group of 4 very conspicuous on the Serra on 6 Oct
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, Habia rubica detected pm 13 days; female flushed from nest with 2 eggs near the Saleiro on 19 Oct., nest found empty on 27 Oct.
Bananaquit, Coereba flaveola detected on 12 days
Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis detected on 4 days at the lodge
Blue-black Grassquit, Volatinia jacarina detected on 14 days, nearly all at Limão and on the Serra
Lined Seedeater, Sporophila lineola detected on 2 days, one on the Estrada do Nilson on 7 Sep. and one at Limão on 23 Oct.
seedeater species, Sporophila sp. detected on 3 days, all females, twice at Limão and one at the lodge on 3 Sep.
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch, Oryzoborus angolensis detected on 1 day, at Limão on 27 Sep.
Pectoral Sparrow, Arremon taciturnus detected on 6 days
Red-capped Cardinal, Paroaria gularis detected on 24 days
CARDINALIDAE (CARDINAL GROSBEAKS)
Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak, Parkerthraustes humeralis detected on 5 days
Slate-colored Grosbeak, Saltator grossus detected on 38 days
Buff-throated Saltator, Saltator maximus detected on 3 days
Grayish Saltator, Saltator coerulescens detected on 2 days, one bird on the Serra on 9 Oct. and one at lower Cigana Lagoon on 23 Oct.
Masked Yellowthroat, Geothlypis aequinoctialis detected on 2 days, both at Limão
Golden-crowned Warbler, Basileuterus culicivorus detected on 5 days, all on the Serra and only after 2 Oct., when they started singing
Rose-breasted Chat, Granatellus pelzelni detected on 20 days, including begging juvs. on 18 Sep.
Crested Oropendola, Psarocolius decumanus detected on 27 days, including juv. being fed on 25 Sep.
Olive Oropendola, Psarocolius bifasciatus detected on 27 days
Yellow-rumped Cacique, Cacicus cela detected on 37 days
Red-rumped Cacique, Cacicus haemorrhous not detected by me, but individuals seen at least twice along river in Oct. by other birders.
Epaulet Oriole, Icterus cayanensis detected on 14 days
Giant Cowbird, Molothrus oryzivorus detected on 11 days
Purple-throated Euphonia, Euphonia chlorotica detected on one day at Ilha Ariosto on 2 Oct.
Thick-billed Euphonia, Euphonia laniirostris detected on 15 days, mostly at the Serra, including nest building on 4 Oct.
Golden-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia chrysopasta detected on 39 days
White-vented Euphonia, Euphonia minuta detected on 2 days
Orange-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia xanthogaster detected on 3 days
Rufous-bellied Euphonia, Euphonia rufiventris detected on 22 days
Note: I wasn't as diligent at keeping daily lists for all mammals, especially monkeys, so the number of days detected is surely greater than what is mentioned.
Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum, Caluromys philander 2 ad with baby in Calliandra and on roof of picnic/greeting shelter. Also seen on several dates by other in the black box 4 flights down from the top of the Tower.
Giant Anteater, Myrmecophaga tridactyla One seen by me and Hemme Battjes walking parallel to the Teles Pires trail about 350 m from its beginning (near the Blue-backed Manakin lek) on 22 Sep.
sloth species, Bradypus/Choloepus sp. seen by others on one day near Caja-Rochas junction; I can't remember which species.
Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus seen at least once by Mark
Greater Fishing Bat, Nictilio leporinus I saw it only once, just below the lodge, but I didn't try very often.
Proboscis Bat, Rhinchonycteris naso 1 in dining room one day, abundant under diagonal trees over the river edge.
Snethlage's Marmoset, Callitrix emiliae detected on 5 days
Feline Night-Monkey, Aotus infulatus detected on 2 nights
Duky Titi, Callicebus moloch moloch detected on 6 days
Brown Capuchin, Cebus apella apella detected on 25 days
White-nosed Saki, Chiropotes albinasus detected on 7 days
Red-handed Howler, Alouatta belzebul detected on 11 days
White-whiskered Spider Monkey, Ateles marginatus detected on 23 days
South American Coati, Nasua nasua detected on one day, at the dry pond on the Manakin trail on 4 Oct.
Kinkajou, Potos flavus detected on one night
Neotropical Otter, Lontra longicaudis detected on 10 days
Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis detected on 2 days
Ocelot, Leopardus pardalis seen by Karen at upper Cigana Lagoon
Puma, Puma concolor seen by Birdquest group on Manakin trail
Jaguar, Panthera onca 1 black young, <1 km upriver, found by Sebastião and Alfredo, who were fishing. Another, a spotted adult, seen in mid-Oct. by Jorge at upper end of Haffer trail.
Brazilian Tapir, Tapirus terrestris detected on 15 days until 30 Sep., and then only twice thereafter
Collared Peccary, Pecari tajacu detected on 2 days
White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari seen a couple times by others
Red Brocket Deer, Mazama americana detected on 8 days
Gray-brown Brocket Deer, Mazama guazoubira detected once
Guianan Squirrel, Sciurus aestuans detected on 4 days
arboreal rice rat species, Oeconys sp. 1, killed by cat at Limão
Capybara, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris Detected many times, foraging on lawn around lodge at night.
Paca, Agouti paca detected at least 3 nights just downriver from lodge.
Azara´s Agouti, Dasyprocta azarae detected only two or three times near lodge, but abundant at AF.
AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES
Note: many species confirmed by Laurie Vitt and Janalee Caldwell
Spotted Toad, Rhaebo guttatus ph
Giant Toad, Chaunus marinus ph
rocket frog species, Colostethus sp. r
Cristalino Poison Frog, Dendrobates sp. nov. ph
Brazil Nut Poison Frog, Adelphobates castaneoticus ph
Lutz's Poison Frog, Ameerega flavopicta only on the Serra, ph, r
Spot-legged Poison Frog, Ameerega picta only on the New Serra, ph, r
Rough-skinned Green Treefrog, Hypsiboas cinereascens ph by Karen on the Serra
treefrog species, Osteocephalus cf. vaillanti ph
Surinam Golden-eyed Treefrog, Trachycephalus coriaceus seen by Karen on Rochas
Red Snouted Treefrog, Scinax ruber common, ph, r
Lowland Tropical Bullfrog, Leptodactylus andreae common, ph, r
Gold-striped Frog, Leptodactylus lineatus r in Attaleafcutter ant mound
Loreto White-lipped Frog, Leptodactylus rhodomystax ph
Amazon Horned Frog, Ceratophrys cornuta seen by Mark and his group on Haffer
tink frog species, Eleutherodactylus sp. ph (very small, pale, on leaf)
litter frog species, Eleutherodactylus sp. ph (medium-small, on ground)
Spectacled Caiman, Caiman crocodilu common
Black Caiman, Melanosuchus niger not seen with certainty
Dwarf Caiman, Paleosuchus palpebrosus common
Spotted Toad-headed Turtlem Phrynops geoffroanus common on logs
Yellow-spotted River Turtle, Podocnemis unifilis common on logs
Yellow-footed Tortoise, Geochelone denticulata 1 at least 15 inches long, 8 inches wide, missing left hind foot. In dry streambed at 900 m of Taboca trail in mid-Sep.
Bridled Forest Gecko, Gonatodes humeralis detected on 3 days
House Gecko, Hemidactylus mabouia common
Green Iguana, Iguana iguana a few
Club-tailed Iguana, Hoplocercus spinosus seen by Jorge in late Oct. on the Serra
Amazon Green Anole, Anolis punctatus common
Amazon Slender Anole, Norops fuscoauratus seen once or twice, ph
Common Monkey Lizard, Polychrus marmoratus seen by Karen
Cachimbo Rock Lizard, Tropidurus insulanus 1 on Serra, ph. Endemic to Serra do Cachimbo
Amazonian Whiptail, Ameiva ameiva common at lodge
Green-backed Whiptail, Kentropyx calcarata common at lodge
Forest Whiptail, Kentropyx pelviceps 1 at dry pond on Manakin trail
Black-spotted Skink, Mabuya nigropunctata common
Boa Constrictor, Boa constrictor seen by Mark and Karen after it had just killed an Agouti by the Saleiro on 29 Aug.
Common Tree Boa, Corallus hortulanus seen by Karen in roof of floating deck eating bat
Green Anaconda, Eunectes murinus about 5 different individuals seen by everyone
whipsnake species, Chironius sp. seen once on Estrada do Nilson, ph.
Big-headed Snail-eating Snake, Dipsas indica 1, flushed by Labidus praedator swarm on Taboca, ph.
Giant False Water Cobra, Hydrodynastes gigas seen once at river edge, ph.
Banded South American Water Snake, Helicops angulatus apparently common at river edge at night, ph.
Common Cat-eyed Snake, Leptodeira annulata common, at least 4 around lodge
Parrot Snake, Leptophis ahaetulla one at Bungalow 11
Velvety Swamp Snake, Liophis typhlus seen by Karen
Common Bird Snake, Pseustes poecilonotus one probable along river in tree cavity
Amazon Ringed Snake, Rhinobothryum lentiginosum one on Taboca trail at about 1600 m at night on 17 Oct.
BUTTERFLIES AND SKIPPERS
Polydamas Swallowtail, Battus polydamas polydamas ph 9 Sep.
Mimoides pausanias pausanias ph 9 Sep.
Emerald-patched Cattleheart, Parides childrenae ph 4 Sep.
Protesilaus glaucolaus leucas ph 9 Sep.
Band-gapped Swallowtail, Papilio torquatus torquatus a few at puddle parties
tile-white, Hesperocharis hirlanda hirlanda ph 17 Sep.
Daptoneura leucadia Common at puddle parties
Straight-lined Sulphur, Phoebis trite ph 9 Sep.
Statira Sulphur, Phoebis statira ph 9 Sep.
Moschoneura pinthous proxima ph 9 Sep.
Enantia lina 1 in dining room on 30 Oct.
Calycopis orcillula ph 17 Oct.
Theritas phegeus ph 20 Sep., Taboca
Evenus gabriela ph 20 Sep.
Evenus telemus ph 15 Sep.
Iaspis thabena ph 26 Sep.
Janthecla sista ph 17 Oct.
Mithras nautes seen a few times
Morphissima near centoripa 10 at Tower
Black Hairstreak, Ocaria ocrisia ph 20 Oct.
Panthiades bitias bitias common, ph 9 Sep., 9 Oct.
Panthiades pelion ph 10 Oct. at Cigana lagoon
Sky-blue Greatstreak, Pseudolycaena marsyas 1 seen
Strephota streph ph 9 Sep.
Strymon megarus ph 17 Oct. and 22 Oct.
Terenthina terentia ph 4 Oct.
Thecla venustus ph 17 Oct.
Thestius pholeus ph 1 Oct, seen a few times
Red-spotted Hairstreak, Tmolus echion ph 9 Sep.
Adelotypa alector ph 20 (m) and 27 (fem) Oct.
Alesa amesis ph 6 Oct, 9 Oct.
beautymark, Ancyluris aulestes ph 9 and 20 Oct.
Argyrogrammana venilia ph 21 Oct.
Audre campestris ph 5 Oct.
Calydna caieta ph 4 Oct.
Calydna punctata ph 9 Sep., others seen
Caria castalia or mantinea ph 4 and 22 Oct.
Caria trochilus arete ph 2 Oct.
Orange-stitched Scintillant, Chalodeta chaonitis ph 4 Oct.
beemark, Chamaelimnas iaeris ph 27 Oct.
scintillant, Charis auius or cleonus ph 6 Oct.
sombermark, Euselasia alcmena ph 10 Sep.
Euselasia attrita ph 19 Oct. Caja
Euselasia clithra ph 29 Sep.
Euselasia euboea ph 6 Oct.
Euselasia eugeon prob seen 4 Oct. on Manakin trail, ph on 24 Oct. on Castanheira and Haffer
Euselasia eumene ph 26 Oct.
Euselasia euryone ph 1 Oct.
Yellow-based Metalmark, Isapis agyrtus One on 5 Oct. Ilha Ariosto
Ithomeis aurantiaca lauronia ph 27 Oct.
Lasaia arsis seen several times
lemmark, Lemonias zygia ph 15 Oct.
Melanis marathon ph 9 Oct.
Mesene near phareus ph 10 Sep.
Mesene sp., one, nearest M. phareus, but still qutie different ph 30 Oct.
Mesosemia eumene 26 Oct. Rochas
Mesosemia metope 1 male and 1 female ph 19 Oct, Taboca behind Bunglaows
Mesosemia philocles egabella seen
Metacharis regalis ph 6 Sep.
Monethe albertus ph 27 Sep and 4 Oct.
Notheme (eumeus) erota diadema ph 8 Sep., top of tower where seen occasionally, usually worn
Nymphidium baeotia ph 9 Sep.
Nymphidium caricae ph 25 Oct.
Nymphidium leucosia medusa ph 6 Oct. and detected on several later dates
Sarota acanthoides ph 1 Oct.
Black-rayed Jewelmark, Sarota chrysus One on 5 Oct. Ilha Ariosto
Semomesia croesus common, ph 8 Oct.
Common Setabis, Setabis lagus ph 12 Oct. Taboca
Themone trivittata ph 26 Sep on Saleiro Loop
Dot-bordered Heliconian, Heliconius doris doris ph 9 Sep.
Heliconius numata ph 9 and 22 Oct. at the Serra
beauty, Baeotus amazonicus ph 17 Sep.
Eresia plagiata ph 4 Oct.
Doxocopa griseldis ph 3 Oct.
Callicore cynosura ph 11 Sep.
Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight, Callicore texa ph 19 and 24 Oct.
Callicore zelphanta 1 in dining room on 30 Oct.
Red Cracker, Hamadryas amphinome ph 4 Oct.
Adelpha erotia or delphicola ph 4 Oct.
Pointer Sister, Adelpha iphiclus ph 25 Oct.
Archaeoprepona licomedes ph 19 Sep.
Prepona pheridamas ph 7 Sep.
Siderone galanthis ph 4 Oct.
Caligo eurilochus ph 5 Sep.
Catoblepia berecynthia ph 3 and 21 Oct.
Eryphanis automedon ph 10 Sep.
Lowland Owlet, Opsiphanes invirae ph 1 Oct.
Morpho achilles achilles ph 4 Oct.
Morpho deidamia ph 14 Oct.
Morpho perseus common
Morpho portis (best match) 3 detected on 20 Oct, sudden appearance.
Amphidecta calliomma several seen in bamboo on 18 Oct., ph 19 and 27 Oct.
Caeruleuptychia near tenera ph 19 Oct.
Chloreuptychia marica ph17 Oct.
Cissia near myncea ph 17 Oct.
Cithaerias sp ph 4 and 28 Oct.
Magneuptychia segesta or norita ph 19 Oct.
diaph, Pierella astyoche ph 19 Oct.
Pierella rhea ph 19 Oct.
Posttaygetis penelea common in bamboo
ur-satyr, Pseudodebis valentina 1 on 16 Oct. Rochas, ph 26 Oct.
Splendeuptychia near itonis ph by Baz Scampion on 10-25
Splendeuptychia sp. ph 21 Oct.
Taygetis angulosa common
Great Ur-Satyr, Taygetis mermeria ph 30 Sep.
Taygetis xenana ph 19 Oct.
ticlear, Callithomia alexirrhoe ph 15 Oct.
Common Ticlear, Hypothyris euclea barii ph 12 Oct.
Hypothyris leprieuri ph 15 Oct.
Scada reckia theaphia ph 19 Oct.
Blue-and-gold Firetip, Myscelus assaricus ph 1 Oct.
Pyrrhopyge phidias bixae ph 16 Oct.
Ablepsis amazonensis or Oileides sp.
Ablepsis vulpinus guyanensis one on 4 Oct. prob. this spec. near Saleiro, under leaf at chest height
Autochton near bipunctatus ph 4 Oct.
Cabirus procas ph 12 Oct.
Entheus gentius, telemus, or priassus ph 4 Oct.
mylon species, Mylon sp. ph 25 Oct.
Myrinia sp. ph 8 Sep.
Narcosius sp. ph 4 Oct.
Polyctor cleta ph 14 Oct.
Pythonides jovianus crameri 1 on 4 Oct. on Manakin trail
Quadrus sp. 1 seen 4 Oct. Manakin
Yanguna tetricus or cometes ph 8 Sep.
Aides duma argyrina ph 4 Oct.
Cobalus virbius ph 12 Oct.
Propertius near propertius ph 24 Sep.
Saliana sp. ph 1 Oct.
Vettius marcus marcus ph 3 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 3 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 3 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 4 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 4 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 4 Oct.
unknown skipper, Hesperidae sp. ph 12 Oct