Serra dos Carajás, Pará, Brazil - September 2009

Published by Guy Kirwan (GMKirwan AT

Participants: Guy Kirwan, Hadoram Shirihai


The following is a short report of a photographic trip to the Serra dos Carajás, in eastern Amazonian Brazil, by Guy Kirwan and Hadoram Shirihai, accompanied by Joraci José Grigolo. Because our interests were solely photographic, we frequently spent up to several hours ‘working’ on just one bird, and because we covered very little of the region’s wetland and open habitats (e.g. spending almost no time in the canga vegetation), this completely precluded our generating a long list of birds (a regular birding trip can expect to encounter in the region of 375 species in ten days). Furthermore vocal activity appeared to be unusually subdued in some groups, especially woodcreepers. We did, however, record most of the specialties for which the area is renowned. Highlights included two pairs of Black-chested Tyrant (one of which provided very prolonged views), several encounters with Peruvian Recurvebill and Rufous-capped Nunlet, the five-month-old Harpy Eagle and one of its parents at the regular nest site, three sightings of Rufous-necked Puffbird including a pair apparently courtship feeding, great looks at a pair of Chestnut-throated Spinetails and both sexes of Guianan Red Cotinga, and bucket loads of Fiery-capped and Opal-crowned Manakins!

Taxonomy and nomenclature almost entirely follow Pacheco et al. (2007, Cotinga 27: 15–30), and thus those of the CBRO at the time of that paper’s publication.


4 September 2009: arrival in Carajás mid afternoon; check-in at hotel; Rio Parauapebas trail.
5 September 2009: morning along Rio Parauapebas trail; afternoon Esteril Sul.
6 September 2009: morning in the Águas Claras area; afternoon trail near airport.
7 September 2009: morning along the lower part of the Salobo road near Pojuca; afternoon Esteril Sul.
8 September 2009: morning along the first part of the Salobo road; afternoon Esteril Sul.
9 September 2009: Águas Claras area.
10 September 2009: morning Águas Claras; mid afternoon return to hotel.
11 September 2009: morning Águas Claras; flight to Belém early afternoon.

Species List


SR = Salobo Road; ES = reservoir Esteril Sul; AC = Águas Claras; RP = Rio Parauapebas trail; AT = trail near airport; (n) = nest

Grey Tinamou Tinamus tao RP, SR
Great Tinamou Tinamus major AC
White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus
Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui AC, RP
Brazilian Tinamou Crypturellus strigulosus AT
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa SR
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens SR (canga)

Little Chacalaca Ortalis motmot ruficeps ES
White-crested Guan Penelope pileata AC
Bare-faced Curassow Crax fasciolata SR

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga ES

Great Egret Ardea alba ES
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus ES

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura SR
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus RP, SR, AC
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus núcleo Carajás, ES
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa airport

American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus AT, AC, SR
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea núcleo Carajás, RP
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis AC
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris RP
Grey Hawk Buteo nitidus ES, AC, SR
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus airport
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja AC (n)
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus SR

Black Caracara Daptrius ater RP
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus SR

Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis AC, SR

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis airport

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria SR (canga)

Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti núcleo Carajás
Blue Ground Dove Claravis pretiosa AC
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea SR
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi ES
Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla AC
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana AC, ES

Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus ES (n), AC
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna ES
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao ES
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus ES, AC, SR
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus SR
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalma RP, ES
Pearly Parakeet Pyrrhura lepida AC
Hellmayr’s Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum ES, AC, SR, RP
Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysoptera ES
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii ES
White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster AC (n)
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus RP, ES, AC, SR, AT
Yellow-headed Parrot Amazona ochrocephala AC
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa SR
Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus RP

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana AC, ES
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani SR, AC
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia SR (canga), ES

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis ES (n)
Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus ES
Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens ES

Band-rumped Swift Chaetura spinicaudus ES
Amazonian Swift Chaetura viridipennis AC, ES
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura Parauapebas

Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus AC
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber AC, SR
White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus RP
Grey-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis RP
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora ES
Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notata
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata RP, SR, AC
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata ES

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis AC, RP, SR
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui AC, ES, SR

Bluish-necked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis RP, AC
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda AC
Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus ES

Rufous-necked Puffbird Malacoptila rufa AC, ES
Rufous-capped Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla AC, ES
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons RP, AC, SR, ES, AT
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus RP, ES, AC, SR, AT
Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa AC, ES

Red-billed Toucan Ramphastos tucanus RP, AC, SR
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus RP, AC, SR, ES
Gould’s Toucanet Selenidera gouldii RP, AC
Lettered Araçari Pteroglossus inscriptus RP, AC
Red-necked Araçari Pteroglossus bitorquatus AC
Black-necked Araçari Pteroglossus aracari AT, AC

Gold-fronted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons RP, AC
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis AC
White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus ES
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula AC
Cream-coloured Woodpecker Celeus flavus RP
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis AC

Great Antshrike Taraba major SR
Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus RP
Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus AC
Natterer’s Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus stictocephalus AT
Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius AC, SR
Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris AC
White-eyed Antwren Myrmotherula leucophthalma AC, SR
Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata SR
Sclater’s Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri SR
Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli AC
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris AC
Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis RP
Grey Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii AC, SR
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus SR, AC
White-fringed Antwren Formicivora grisea ES
Grey Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens AC, SR
Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens SR, AC, RP
White-backed White-eye Pyriglena leuconota AC
White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys SR
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myiotherinus RP, AC, SR
Spix’s Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis striata AC, SR, ES
Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia RP
Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius AC
Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinotus AC
Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata AC

Chestnut-belted Gnateater Conopophaga aurita AC
Black-bellied Gnateater Conopophaga melanogaster AC, ES, SR

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia ES, AC
Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius RP
Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi AC, SR

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma AC, ES
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis SR

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa AC
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus AC
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula RP
Brigida’s Woodcreeper Hylexetastes brigidai AC
Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus RP, ES, SR, AC
Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus AC

Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans ES
Chestnut-throated Spinetail Synallaxis cherriei SR
Ochre-cheeked Spinetail Synallaxis scutata SR
Peruvian Recurvebill Syndactyla ucayalae SR, AC
Pará Foliage-gleaner Automolus paraensis RP, AC, SR
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus AC, SR

McConnell’s Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli AC
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus AC
Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus AC
Helmeted Pygmy Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus RP
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer SR (canga), ES
Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus AC, SR
Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant Poecilotriccus capitalis SR
Black-chested Tyrant Taeniotriccus andrei RP
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum SR (canga), ES
Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes ES
Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior ES
Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus RP, SR
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens AC
Grey-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus RP, SR (n)
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus AC
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea núcleo Carajás
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus AC
Blackish Pewee Contopus nigrescens SR, ES
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus AC
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis ES
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis AC, ES, AT
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus RP, ES
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus ES
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua RP
Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea AC
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius ES
White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis núcleo Carajás
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus RP, AT, SR, AC, ES, núcleo Carajás
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox ES, AC
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus ES, AC
Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus RP, AC

Guianan Red Cotinga Phoenicircus carnifex AC
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana AC, ES
White Bellbird Procnias albus SR
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans AC, AT, ES
Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata SR, AC

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni AC, SR
Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus SR, AC, ES
Opal-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix iris AC
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus AC
Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola ES, SR, AC
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda RP, AC, SR
Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla AC, RP, SR

Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina AC
Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra AC
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana AC, ES
White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae AC
Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus AC
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus AC
Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor AC

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis ES
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis AC
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus ES
Grey-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus AC, RP, SR

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer ES
Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea AC, ES, núcleo Carajás
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis ES, AC, SR

Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus AC

Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya AC, SR, ES
Southern House Wren Troglodytes musculus RP
Southern Nightingale Wren Microcerculus marginatus AC

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas núcleo Carajás
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus airport

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus SR, AC
Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca AT, AC, SR
Red-crowned Ant Tanager Habia rubica AC
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus ES
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus RP, AC, SR
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus AC, núcleo Carajás
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo AC
Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus AC, núcleo Carajás
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca AC
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum RP, AC
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana AC
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis AC
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata ES
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta ES
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata AC
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana ES
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira ES
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum ES

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis núcleo Carajás
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina SR (canga)
Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus ES, SR (canga)

Slate-coloured Grosbeak Saltator grossus AC
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus AC, ES

Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus ES, SR (canga)
River Warbler Phaeothlypis rivularis AC
Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni AC

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus AC, SR
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela AC
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis AC
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis núcleo Carajás

Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea AC, ES

House Sparrow Passer domesticus núcleo Carajás