North-east Brazil - 7th - 29th October, 2010

Published by Greg Roberts (friarbird.roberts AT

Participants: Greg Roberts, Ciro Albano, Merilyn Browne, David Houghton, Frank O'Connor, Tony Palliser, Kath Shurcliff, Anita Smyth, David Stewart, Bill Watson


Overall we did very well, missing just a handful of the specialties and endemics of north-east Brazil. This was due in no small measure to the excellent guiding skills of Ciro Albano ( - and we can highly recommend him. Ciro’s adroitness at using audio equipment to detect and locate birds is something to behold. With the exception of Ciro, all the participants are Australian. Roads and infrastructure in Brazil are good compared to many South American countries, although long drives were required at times for this itinerary. Porto Seguro aside, the standard of accommodation and food was good to excellent throughout the trip. So too was the weather, with little interruption from rain and mild to warm temperatures throughout.

October 7 – The group met at the airport in Fortaleza in the province of Caera with our Ciro and our driver Elias. We drove to Serra de Baturite (800m) in our comfortable bus to visit a private reserve, Baixa Fresca; nesting boxes have been put up here for Grey-breasted Parakeets. Overnight in the Hotel Alto de Serra, with late afternoon birding in the hotel gardens.

October 8 – Early morning birding in humid forest in the gardens of the nearby Hotel Remainso, with the late morning in the Hotel Alto de Serra gardens before we drove to the town of Quixada, stopping at wetlands on the way. Overnight Hotel Pedra dos Ventos Quixada, a delightful establishment perched on a rocky escarpment with views over the surrounding caatinga.

October 9 – Morning birding in the dry caatinga around the hotel before we drove to the town of Crato, visiting the humid forest of the lower slopes of the Chapada do Araripe in the late afternoon. Overnight Hotel Encosta de Serra.

October 10 – We birded the caatinga carvasco scrub of the plateau (800m) in the Floresta National de Chapada do Araripe. Overnight Crato.

October 11 – Mostly a driving day, with a long haul to Canudos in Bahia state, passing through Pernambuco state and again stopping for waterbirds, with late afternoon birding along a road near the town. Overnight at the basic but homely Hotel Brasil.

October 12 – We birded the dry caatinga of the Canudos area, especially around the Fazenda Serra Branca, the stronghold of Lear’s Macaw. Travelling east, we stopped at a site for Pectoral Antwren before driving to Uni dos Palmares in Alagoas state. Overnight Hotel Quilomba Park.

October 13 – A 3am start in 4x4 vehicles was required to reach the Atlantic rainforest of the Murici Ecological Station (600m) by dawn. All day in the reserve. Overnight Uni dos Palmares.

October 14 – Another early start to get to more Atlantic rainforest in the Jaqueira-Frie Caneca Reserve, a second site for the Alagoas endemics. In the late afternoon we drove to the coastal tourist town of Tamandare in Pernambuco state. Overnight Pousada Mar Azul.

October 15 – We negotiated bad roads through a sea of sugar plantations to bird remnant patches of lowland Atlantic rainforest in Trapiche Forest and Cachoeiro Linda Forest. Overnight Tamandare.

October 16 - A long drive to the town of Estancia in Sergipe state, birding the sandy forest of Del Crasto in the afternoon. Overnight Hotel Magnus.

October 17 – Another long drive to the town of Lencois in the Chapada Diamantina in Bahia state. Overnight at the delightful Pousada da Geleia, where we met the owners Lia and Ze Carlos.

October 18 – We birded mixed caatinga-Atlantic rainforest, dry caatinga and campos rupestres near Lencois, on the Palmeiras-Guine Road, and at Morro do Pai Inacioep (1120m). The rugged scenery with steep canyons and extensive vistas was impressive. Overnight Lencois.

October 19 – We drove to Mucuge in another sector of the Chapada Diamantina, birding cerrado flats near the town. Overnight Pousada Mucuge.

October 20 – Early morning birding the cerrado, then a drive to the town of Boa Nova, stopping en route for the Diademed Tapaculo. In the late afternoon we visited mata de cipo forest around a delightful rocky area with numerous small cactii and large bromelliads. Flowers on the cactii were a magnet for numerous hummingbirds. Overnight Pousada Solar.

October 21 - A wonderful day of birding in the montane Atlantic rainforest of the area. Overnight Boa Nova.

October 22 – A second day in the rainforest, with a further visit also to the mata de cipo. In the early evening we had a memorable experience with Giant Snipe in a grassy glade near rainforest. Overnight Boa Nova.

October 23 - We drove to Porto Seguro on the coast, making a productive stop at a wetland on the way, and visiting the Veracel Reserve in the afternoon. Overnight at the disappointing Hotel Porto Real.

October 24 – All day in the sandy Atlantic rainforest of the reserve. Overnight Porto Seguro.

October 25 – We drove to the town of Camacan, where we were met by Victor Becker, the owner of the lodge in the Serra Bonita Reserve. We transferred to Victor’s 4x4 for the drive up to lodge, meeting his wife Clemira. Everyone in the group agreed that this site was a highlight of the trip.

October 26 - All day in the 1200ha Atlantic rainforest reserve, where we were entertained by the antics of a pet young howler monkey. Overnight at the lodge.

October 27 – We drove to the town of Itubera, staying at the comfortable Fazenda Michelin in the Michelin Reserve, where remnants of Atlantic rainforest have been preserved in the midst of vast rubber plantations. We visited a waterfall near the reserve in the late afternoon.

October 28 – All day in the reserve, including a frustrating encounter with Bahia Tapacula which ended in a rare dip. Overnight Fazenda Michelin.

October 29 – We drove to Salvador in the morning to meet our afternoon flights out of Salvador.

Common names and taxonomy follow A Field Guide to the Birds of Brazil (van Perlo, 2009) and the list published by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee (Comite Brasileiro de Registros Ornitologicos, 2008) with reference to the latest changes in The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. Further amendments in Clements will follow precedent by adopting recommendations from the CBRO which are accepted by the South American Classification Committee. [] denotes heard only. E = Endemic to Brazil.


Spix’s Yellow-toothed Cavy (Galea spixii) – several at Quixada,
Rock Cavy (Kerodon rupestris) – several near Canudos and in Chapada Diamantina,
Common [White Tufted-Ear] Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) - several near Canudos,
Weid’s Black Tufted-Ear Marmoset (Callitrix kuhlii) – several groups at Serra Bonita,
Black-rumped Agouti (Dasyrocta prymnolopha) – 2 near Porto Seguro,
Maned Three-toed Sloth (Bradyptus torquatus) – 2 near Porto Seguro,
Guianan Squirrel (Sciurus aestuans) – Serra Bonita. 7 species.


[Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui – Porto Seguro],
[Brown Tinamou C. obsoletus – Boa Nova, Port Seguro],
Yellow-legged Tinamou C. noctivagus E – 1 seen, more heard Boa Nova; heard Chapada Diamantina,
[Variegated Tinamou C. variegatus – Porto Seguro],
[Small-billed Tinamou C. parvirostris – Mucuge],
Tataupa Tinamou C. tataupa -1 Serra de Baturite,
[Red-winged Tinamou C. refescens – Mucuge, Boa Nova],
White-bellied Nothura Nothura boraquira – a pair showed well in caatinga near Canudos; heard Boa Nova,
[Spotted Nothura N. maculosa - Mucuge],
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor - several roadside en route to Quixada,
White-faced Whistling-Duck D. viduata - uncommon but widely distributed,
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck D. autumnalis - several en route to Quixada,
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotis - several en route to Quixada,
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis - fairly common and widespread,
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis - several en route to Quixada and Canudos,
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma - several en route to Quixada,
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica - 1 female roadside en route to Porto Seguro,
Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata race araucuan – several seen others heard Boa Nova, Michelin; heard Mucuge,
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris – 2 on road Porto Seguro,
White-browed Guan P. jacuacaca E – a surprise at Quixada was a group of 4-6 which showed well as they came to drink at a dam near the hotel,
Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira – a group of 3 showed well as they responded to playback at Serra de Baturite; heard Serra Bonita, Michelin;
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus, Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus, Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum (2 en route to Quixada),
Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus (a nice find was a bird showing well at a roadside wetland en route to Porto Seguro),
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, Striated Heron Butorides striata, Cattle Egret Ardea ibis, Great Egret Egretta alba, Snowy Egret E. thula,
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura, Black Vulture C. atratus,
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture C. burrovianus - common and widespread,
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa – 1 Serra Bonita,
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis – 1 Porto Seguro,
White-collared Kite L. forbesi E – a trip highlight was the sighting of this rare species on three consecutive days at Murici, Jaqueira and Tamandare,
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus – uncommon in open country,
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis – several en route to Serra de Baturite,
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon – 1 of this rare species soaring at Porto Seguro,
Double-toothed Kite H. bidentatus – 2 Porto Seguro, Crane Hawk – 1 Canudos,
White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus E – 1 soaring at Porto Seguro,
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga – 1 Boa Nova,
Savanna Hawk B. meridionalis – 2 en route to Porto Seguro,
Harris’s Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus – 1 en route to Chapada do Araripe,
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris – common,
White-tailed Hawk B. albicaudatus – 1 Mucuge; 1 Boa Nova,
Short-tailed Hawk B. brachyurus – singles Jaqueira, Tamandare,
Zone-tailed Hawk B. albonotatus – 1 Tamandare,
Grey Hawk Asturina nitida – singles Quixada, Tamandare, Michelin,
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus – 1 Jaqueira,
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle S. melanoleucus – 2 Serra Bonita,
Southern Caracara Polyborus plancus – common,
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima – common,
[Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans – Serra Bonita],
[Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis – Serra Bonita],
Collared Forest-Falcon M. semitorquatus – singles Chapada Diamantina, Serra Bonita,
American Kestrel Falco sparverius – common,
Aplomodo Falcon F. femoralis – uncommon but widespread,
Limpkin Aramus guarauna – small numbers in roadside wetlands,
[Grey-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea – Serra de Baturite, Michelin],
[Grey-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis – near our Murici hotel],
Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis – 1 Murici others heard; heard Tamandare,
[Blackish Rail – Pardirallus nigricans Murici, Michelin],
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus, Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus,
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata – 3 Canudos; heard Chapada do Araripe, Mucuge,
Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanus, Southern Lapwing V. chilensis,
Collared Plover – Charadrius collaris - 1 en route to Canudos,
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus himantopus ,
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus – 1 en route to Boa Nova,
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria -1 Canudos, Greater Yellowlegs T. melanoleuca,
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus -1 en route to Quixada,
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres -1 Port Seguro,
Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata -a trip highlight was a bird which initially showed briefly in response to playback at Boa Nova before offering superb views at sunset; snipe were later heard roding high above the surrounding pastures,
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana – common,
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta – common,
Ruddy Ground-Dove C. talpacoti – common,
Picui Ground-Dove C. picui – common, Scaled Dove C. squammata – fairly common,
Rock Dove Columbia livia, Picazuro Pigeon Patagioensas picazuro – common,
Scaled Pigeon P. speciosa – fairly common Porto Seguro; 1 Serra Bonita,
Pale-vented Pigeon P. cayennensis – uncommon but widespread,
Plumbeous Pigeon P. plumbea – 2 Serra Bonita; heard Boa Nova,
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata – several Chapada do Araripe,
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi – uncommon but widespread,
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana – 1 Boa Nova, others heard,
Lear’s Macaw E Anodorhynchus leari – several flying near Canudos late in the evening; others showed well while feeding the next morning at Fazenda Serra Branca,
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana – several Jaqueira, Mucuge, Boa Nova,
Red-shouldered Macaw P. nobilis – several Murici,
Blue-crowned Parakeet Aratinga acuticaudata – small flocks Canudos,
Golden-capped Parakeet E A. auricapilla – uncommon Tamandare, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Jandaya Parakeet E A. jandaya – a flock showed well at Murici,
Peach-fronted Parakeet A. aurea – common Tamandare, Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita, Michelin,
Cactus (Caatinga) Parakeet E A. cactorum – common throughout caatinga,
Blue-throated (Ochre-marked) Parakeet E Pyrrhura cruentata – small flocks Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Maroon-bellied Parakeet P. frontalis – common second half of trip,
Maroon-faced Parakeet E P. leucotis – several Serra Bonita,
Grey-breasted Parakeet E P. griseipectus – several Serra de Baturite,
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius – common,
Plain Parakeet E Brotogeris tirica – common and widespread,
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet B. chiriri – small numbers Serra de Baturite,
Golden-tailed Parrotlet E Touit surda – normally difficult but seen at Murici, Jaqueira, Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
[Pileated (Red-capped) Parrot Pionopsitta pileata – Boa Nova],
Reichenow’s Blue-headed Parrot E Pionus reichenowi – small flocks Murici, Tamandare, Porto Seguro,
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica (several Estancia),
Red-browed Parrot A. rhodocorytha E – small numbers Porto Seguro,
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana – common,
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani – common, Guira Cuckoo Guira guira – common,
[Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia – Jaqueira, Michelin],
[Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus – Boa Nova, Michelin],
Barn Owl Tyto alba – 1 at dusk Boa Nova,
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba – 2 Chapada Diamantina; 1 Michelin,
Least Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium minutissimum – 4 or 5 seen others heard Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl G. brasilianum – common in open country first half of trip,
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia – fairly common,
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus – 1 Serra Bonita others heard; heard Chapada Diamantina,
Least Nighthawk Chordeiles pusillus – several Canudos and Mucuge,
[Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda – Chapada Diamantina],
Parauque Nyctidromus albicollis – common,
[Ocellated Poorwill N. ocellatus – Porto Seguro],
Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus – 1 Chapada Diamantina,
Pygmy Nightjar C. hirundinaceus E – several at roost during day Quixada (race caerae) and Boa Nova (vielliardi),
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis brasiliana – several Canudos, Murici, Boa Nova,
[Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus – Porto Seguro],
Great Dusky Swift C. senex – common at dusk at a waterfall near Michelin,
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris – a few with previous species near Michelin,
Biscutate Swift S. biscutata – common Chapada Diamantina,
Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris – uncommon Tamandare, Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Sick’s Swift C. meridionalis – several Serra de Baturite, Tamandare,
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata - common first half of trip,
[Hook-billed Hermit Glaucis dohrnii E – Porto Seguro],
Rufous-breasted Hermit G. hirsuta - several Serra de Baturite, Serra Bonita,
Broad-tipped Hermit Anopetia gounellei E - individuals Quixada, Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber – widespread in small numbers,
Planalto Hermit P. pretrei – several Serra de Baturite, Chapada do Araripe, Mucuge,
Scale-throated Hermit P. eurynome – 2 Serra Bonita,
[Margaretta’s (Great-billed) Hermit P. margarettae E - Michelin],
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura - common,
Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris - several Serra Bonita,
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca - small numbers Murici, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris - 2 Mucuge,
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus - common in drier areas,
Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus E - 2 Serra Bonita,
Racket-tailed Coquette Discosura longicauda – 1 Porto Seguro,
Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notatus – individuals Serra de Baturite, Serra Bonita,
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostibon aureoventris – common,
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata – 2 Serra de Baturite,
Long-tailed Woodnymph T. watertonii E – 2 Murici; 1 Jaqueira,
Violet-capped Woodnymph T. glaucopis – common second half of trip,
Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphire – fairly common Porto Seguro,
White-chinned Sapphire H. cyanus – several Murici, Tamandare, Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Plain-bellied Emerald Agyrtria leucogaster E – small numbers Tamandare, Michelin,
Versicoloured Emerald A. versicolor – 2 Boa Nova,
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata – several Chapada do Araripe, Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Polyerata lactea – small numbers Boa Nova,
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Hooded Visorbearer Augastes lumachellus E – several Chapada Diamantina at Morro do Pai Inacio, including a pair feeding young,
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita – 2 Port Seguro,
Horned Sungem H. cornuta - 1 showed brilliantly in Mucuge cerrado,
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox aemethystina – individuals Boa Nova, Porto Seguro,
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis – several Serra Bonita,
Surucua Trogon T. surrucura – several Chapada Diamantina, Serra Bonita,
Blue-crowned Trogon T. curucui – individuals Serra de Baturite, Chapada do Araripe,
Black-throated Trogon T. rufus – individuals Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle ruficapillus – widespread,
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona – uncommon,
Green Kingfisher C. americana – uncommon,
[Rufous-capped Motmot Momotus momota – Porto Seguro],
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda – widespread in small numbers,
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru – 2 Chapada Diamantina,
Spot-backed Puffbird N. maculatus – 1 Serra de Baturite,
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata – individuals Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa – common Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus – 2 Serra Bonita; heard Murici, Boa Nova,
Gould’s Toucanet Selenidera gouldii – 1 Serra de Baturite,
Spot-billed Toucanet S. maculirostris – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus inscriptus – individuals Murici, Tamandare,
Black-necked Aracari P. aracari – several Murici, Boa Nova, Porto Seguro,
Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis – uncommon in Atlantic rainforest,
Spotted Piculet P. pygmaeus E – several Canudos, Chapada Diamantina, Mucuge, Boa Nova, Michelin,
White-wedged Piculet P. albosquamatus – 2 Serra Bonita,
Tawny Piculet P. fulvescens E – 1 Chapada do Araripe,
Ochraceous Piculet P. limae E – 2 Serra de Baturite,
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis – several Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Little Woodpecker V. passerinus – widespread in small numbers,
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula – several Murici, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Golden-green Woodpecker P. chrysochloros – individuals Serra de Baturite, Estancia,
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros – several Serra de Baturite, Michelin,
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris – fairly common Chapada Diamantina,
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens – individuals Serra de Baturite,
Chapada do Araripe,
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus – widespread in small numbers,
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos – 2 Chapada Diamantina,
Collared Crescent Melanopareia torquata – commonly heard, several seen in Mucuge cerrado,
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus – 1 Boa Nova, others heard;
heard Serra Bonita,
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa – 2 Boa Nova; heard Serra Bonita,
Great Antshrike Taraba major – widespread in small numbers,
Silvery-cheeked Antshrike Sakesphorus cristatus E – common in caatinga,
Caatinga (Barred) Antshrike Thamnophilus capistratus E - common in caatinga,
Rufous-winged Antshrike T. torquatus – several Chapada do Araripe, Mucuge,
Chesnut-backed Antshrike T. palliatus – fairly common Porto Seguro, Michelin,
Planalto Slaty-Antshrike T. pelzeini E – common and widespread except on coast,
Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike T. ambiguus E – several Estancia, Porto Seguro,
Variable Antshrike T. caerulescens – several Serra de Baturite, Jaqueira (race cearensis/pernambucensis), Boa Nova (ochraceiventer),
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax E – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Plain Antvireo D. mentalis – several Serra de Baturite, Murici,
Plumbeous (White-streaked) Antvireo D. plumbeus E – 2 Serra Bonita,
Cinereus Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius (1 Michelin; heard Boa Nova),
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis E – 2 Serra Bonita,
White-flanked Antwren M. axillaris – several Murici, Jaqueira, Tamandare, Michelin,
Salvadori’s Antwren M. minor E – 2 Serra Bonita,
Band-tailed Antwren M. urosticta E – 2 Porto Segura; 1 Serra Bonita,
Alagoas Antwren M. snowi E – 2 Murici,
Stripe-backed Antbird Myrmorchilus strigilatus – 2 seen others heard Chapada do Araripe; heard Chapada Diamantina,
Caatinga Antwren Herpsilochmus sellowi E – several Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
Bahia (Pileated) Antwren H. pileatus E – singles Porto Seguro, Michelin,
Black-capped Antwren H. atricapillus – several Serra de Baturite, Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova,
Pectoral Antwren H. pectoralis E – 1 between Canudos and Murici,
Rufous-winged Antwren H. rufimarginatus – fairly common Murici, Jaqueira, Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Narrow-billed Antwren Neorhopias iheringi E – small numbers Boa Nova mata de cipo,
White-fringed Antwren Formicivora grisea – 2 Jaqueira; heard Porto Seguro,
Black-bellied Antwren – F. melanogaster fairly common Quixada, Chapada do Araripe, Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
Rusty-backed Antwren F. rufa race chapmani – 2 Mucuge; heard Tamandare,
Sincora Antwren F. grantsaui E - 2 Chapada Diamantina,
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea E – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Scaled Antbird D. squamata E – 2 seen others heard Murici; heard Jaqueira, Boa Nova,
Orange-bellied Anwren Terenura sicki E – 2 Murici; 2 Jaqueira,
[Streak-capped Antwren T. maculata – Boa Nova, Michelin],
Rio De Janeiro Antbird Cercomacra brasiliana E – 2 seen others heard Boa Nova,
Willis’s Antbird C. laeta E – 2 Jaqueira; heard Tamandare,
White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota – fairly common Murici, Jaqueira,
Fringe-backed Fire-eye P. atra E – 2 Estancia,
White-shouldered Fire-eye P. leucoptera – fairly common second half of trip,
Slender Antbird Rhopornis ardesiaca E – common in Boa Nova mata de cipo,
Scalloped Antbird Myrmeciza ruficauda E – 1 seen others heard Murici,
White-bibbed Antbird M. loricata E – 2 seen others heard Boa Nova;
heard Chapada Diamantina,
Rufous Gnateater – Conopophaga lineata 2 Serra de Baturite race cearae; singles Jaqueira, Boa Nova lineata,
Black-cheeked Gnateater C. melanops E – several Murici, Jaqueira, Michelin,
[Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia – Porto Segura, Serra Bonita],
White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucos E – 1 showed well, others heard
Chapada do Araripe,
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona race campanisona – 1 Serra de Baturite,
Such’s (Cryptic) Antthrush C. meruloides E – 1 Boa Nova,
Diamantina Tapaculo Scytalopus diamantinensis E – 2 at Rio Paraguacu between Mucuge and Boa Nova,
[Bahia Tapaculo S. psychopompus - Michelin],
[Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus - Michelin],
Black-tailed Leaftosser S. caudacutus – 1 Murici,
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser S. scansor race caerensis – 1 Serra de Baturite,
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincia fuliginosa – singles Murici, Jaqueira,
Plain-winged (Thrush-like) Woodcreeper D. turdina – several Boa Nova,
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus – fairly common Chapada do Araripe, Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova (race reiseri), Serra Bonita, Michelin (race olivaceus),
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus – 2 Porto Seguro,
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis - 2 Chapada Diamantina,
1 Boa Nova,
Planalto Woodcreeper D. platyrostris - singles Serra de Baturite, Serra Bonita,
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus - several Serra de Baturite, Michelin,
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus – singles Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Northern Lesser (Lesser) Woodcreeper X. atlanticus E – singles Murici, Tamandare,
Buff-throated Woodcreeper X. guttatus – several Serra de Baturite, Tamandare, Porto Seguro,
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris – 1 Canudos; heard Boa Nova,
Scaled Woodcreeper L. squamatus E – 1 Boa Nova,
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilostris – 1 Chapada do Araripe,
Black-billed Scythebill C. falcularius – 2 Boa Nova,
Wing-banded (Tail-banded) Hornero Furnarius figulus – several Serra de Baturite, Boa Nova, en route to Porto Seguro,
Pale-legged Hornero F. leucopus – fairly common and widespread,
Rufous Hornero F. rufus – common second half of trip,
Bahia Spinetail Synallaxis whitneyi E – several Boa Nova,
Pinto’s Spinetail S. infuscata E – 1 Tamandare; heard Jaqueira,
Sooty-fronted Spinetail S. frontalis – uncommon Quixada, Tamandare, Boa Nova, Michelin,
Pale-breasted Spinetail S. albescens – several Chapada Diamantina,
Spix’s Spinetail S. spixi – 2 Mucuge,
Cinereous-breasted Spinetail S. hypospodia – 2 Michelin,
Ochre-cheed Spinetail S. scutata – 1 Chapada do Araripe; heard Chapada Diamantina,
Red-shouldered Spinetail Synallaxis hellmayri E – several Chapada do Araripe, Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida E – small numbers Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Grey-headed Spinetail C. semicinerea E – 1 seen others heard Serra de Baturite,
Yellow-chinned Spinetail C. cinnamomea – widespread in small numbers,
Striated Softail Thripophaga macroura E – several Boa Nova; heard Porto Seguro, Michelin,
Rufous-fronted (Common) Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons – widespread,
Pink-legged Graveteiro Acrobatornis fonsecai E – 1 seen, others heard Serra Bonita,
Caatinga Cacholote Pseudoseisura cristata E – fairy common throughout caatinga,
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini – 2 Boa Nova,
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner P. atricapillus – 1 Michelin,
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner P. rufus – several Boa Nova,
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus E – several Boa Nova,
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus E – 2 Boa Nova; 1 Serra Bonita,
Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner Automolus lammi E – 1 Estancia,
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner A. leucophthalmus – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita, Michelin,
[Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura – Boa Nova],
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus - common, Streaked Xenops X. rutilans – common,
Great Xenops Megaxenops parnaguae E – 1 showed well Chapada do Araripe;
heard Chapada Diamantina,
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus – uncommon but widespread,
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant H. griseipectus -1 Murici, 2 Jaqueira,
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant H. striaticollis -1 Mucuge; heard Tamandare, Michelin,
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant H. nidipendulus E – several Boa Nova,
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant H. margaritaceiventer – several Quixada, Canudos, Mucuge,
Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant H. mirandae E – 2 Serra de Baturite,
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant H. furcatus E – 2 Boa Nova,
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis – several Jaqueira, Boa Nova, Porto Seguro,
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps – 1 Boa Nova,
Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher P. fumifrons – 1 Tamandare; 1 Michelin,
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum E – several Boa Nova,
Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Common Tody-Flycatcher T. cinereum – fairly common,
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus – singles Serra de Baturite,
Chapada do Araripe, Boa Nova,
Grey-capped Tyrannulet P. griseocapilla E – 1 Serra Bonita,
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii – 2 Tamandare,
Grey Elaenia M. caniceps – several Chapada Diamantina,
Yellow-bellied Elaenia flavogaster– common,
Large Elaenia E. spectabilis – singles Serra de Baturite, Boa Nova,
Plain-crested Elaenia E. cristata – several Chapada do Araripe, Chapada Diamantina,
Highland Elaenia E. obscura – 1 Chapada do Araripe,
White-lored Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata – 2 Porto Seguro,
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum – widespread in small numbers,
Suiriri Suiriri suiriri – fairly common Canudos, Chapada Diamantina,
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata – singles Chapada Diamantina,
Boa Nova,
Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina – several Chapada do Araripe,
Canudos, Boa Nova,
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola – widespread in small numbers,
Grey-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris E – 2 Mucuge cerrado,
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus – several Canudos,
Mucuge, Boa Nova,
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant E. rufomarginatus – several Mucuge cerrado,
Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis race bahiae – several Chapada do Araripe, Canudos,
Greater Wagtail-Tyrant S. budytoides race gracilis - 2 Canudos,
Guianan (Slender-footed) Tyrannulet Zimmerius acer – singles Serra de Baturite, Tamandare,
Bahia Tyrannulet Phylloscartes beckeri E – normally difficult but several seen Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Alagoas Tyrannulet P. ceciliae E – 2 Jaqueira,
[Oustalet’s Tyrannulet P. oustaleti E – Boa Nova, surprisingly not seen],
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus modestus – several Canudos,
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens – widespread in small numbers,
Grey-crowned Flycatcher T. poliocephalus – several Tamandare, Serra Bonita,
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher T. flaviventris – fairly common,
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus – several Serra de Baturite, Jaqueira, Tamandare, Boa Nova,
Bran-coloured Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus – widespread in small numbers,
Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus – 1 Boa Nova,
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea – several Murici, Serra Bonita,
Euler’s Flycatcher Lathroticcus euleri – common,
Tropical Peewee Contopus cinereus – fairly common,
Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus E – several Chapada Diamantina,
Grey Monjita Xolmis cinerea - 1 Mucuge,
White Monjita X. irupero – several Canudos, Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova,
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer – 2 en route to Canudos,
Masked Water-Tyrant F. nengeta – common,
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala – common,
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus – fairly common,
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophalus – singles Jaqueira, Michelin,
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis – abundant,
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus – abundant,
Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgta – several Serra Bonita,
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus – widespread in small numbers,
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua – common,
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius – fairly common,
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus – abundant,
Fork-tailed Flycatcher T. savana– several Mucuge, Serra Bonita,
Greyish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex – widespread in small numbers Atlantic rainforest,
Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra – 1 Porto Seguro,
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator – several Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova,
Ash-throated Casiornis Casiornis fusca E – 1 Chapada Diamantina,
Swainson’s Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni – uncommon Canudos, Boa Nova,
Serra Bonita,
Short-crested Flycatcher M. ferox – widespread in small numbers,
Brown-crested Flycatcher M. tyrannulus – fairly common,
Grey-hooted Attila Attila rufus E – individuals Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Bright-rumped Attila A. spadiceus – 1 Jaqueira; heard Murici,
Black-headed Berryeater Carpornis melanocephalus E – 2 Murici; 1 Boa Nova;
heard Serra Bonita,
Banded Cotinga Cotinga maculata E – a male showed well Porto Seguro,
White-winged Cotinga Xipholena atropurpurea E – 2 females Porto Seguro,
[Bearded Bellbird Procnias averano - Murici],
Bare-throated Bellbird P. nudicollis – 1 showed well, others heard Michelin;
heard Serra Bonita,
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vocerans – 1 seen others heard Murici; heard Porto Seguro,
Cinnamon-vented Piha L. lanioides E – 2 Boa Nova,
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus – several Boa Nova,
Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma pallescens – 2 Chapada do Araripe,
2 Chapada Diamantina,
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris E – several Boa Nova, Porto Seguro,
Eastern Striped (Striped) Manakin Machaeropterus regulus E – 1 Michelin,
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus – fairly common in Atlantic rainforest,
Araripe Manakin Antilophia bokermanni E – several of both sexes lower slopes
Chapada do Araripe,
Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola – fairly common Murici, Jaqueira, Tamandare, Michelin,
Blue Manakin C. caudata – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra – 2 Porto Seguro,
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fascilcauda – 2 Serra de Baturite,
Red-headed Manakin P. rubrocapilla – fairly common in Atlantic rainforest,
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus – several seen, others heard Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Greenish Shiffornis Schiffornis virescens - 1 Boa Nova; heard Chapada Diamantina,
Thrush-like Shiffornis S. turdinus – 1 seen, others heard Murici;
heard Porto Seguro, Michelin,
Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra E – several Boa Nova,
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor – 2 Porto Seguro,
Black-tailed Tityra T. cayana – 1 Tamandare,
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Chesnut-crowned Becard P. castaneus – small numbers Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-winged Becard P. polychopterus – 2 Michelin,
Black-capped Becard P. marginatus – 2 Tamandare,
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis – common,
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus – common,
Grey-eyed Greenlet Hylophilus amaurocephalus E – 2 Mucuge,
Lemon-chested Greenlet H. thoracicus – singles Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-naped Jay Cyanocorax cyanopogon – common throughout caatinga,
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca – common,
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis – common,
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera – several Mucuge,
Grey-breasted Martin P. chalybea – common,
White-winged Swallow – Tachycineta albliventer common,
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica – several,
Southern House Wren Troglodytes musculus – common,
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis – common,
Long-billed Wren T. longirostris E – several Chapada do Araripe, Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova,
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla – several Murici, Michelin,
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus – uncommon Murici, Tamandare,
Porto Seguro,
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea – common,
Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichlopsis leucogenys – several Serra Bonita,
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes – several Serra Bonita,
Cocoa Thrush – Turdus fumigatus 2 Michelin,
Rufous-bellied Thrush T. rufiventris – common,
Pale-breasted Thrush T. leucomelas – common,
Creamy-bellied Thrush T. amaurochalinus – common southern sites,
White-necked Thrush T. albicollis – fairly common Murici, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus – small numbers on coast, Chalk-browed Mockingbird M. saturninus – common,
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens – several Murici,
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola – common,
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus – small numbers Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Buff-throated Saltator S. maximus – common,
Green-winged Saltator S. similis – uncommon Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova, Michelin,
Black-throated Saltator S. atricollis – several Canudos, Mucuge,
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus E – small numbers Chapada do Araripe, Boa Nova,
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana – several Serra Bonita,
White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata – several Mucuge,
Scarlet-throated Tanager Compsothraupis loricata E – a flock of 10+ showed well near Canudos; heard Chapada Diamantina, Boa Nova,
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata – widespread in small numbers,
Orange-headed Tanager Thylpopsis sordida - several Boa Nova, Michelin,
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus – fairly common Murici, Jaqueira, Tamandare, Michelin,
White-lined Tanager T. rufus – widespread in small numbers,
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius E – fairly common Tamandare, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca – common, Palm Tanager – common,
Azure-shouldered Tanager T. cyanoptera E – common Serra Bonita,
Golden-chevroned Tanager T. ornata E – fairly common Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
White-bellied (Turquoise) Tanager Tangara brasiliensis E – several Serra Bonita, Michelin,
Seven-coloured Tanager T. fastuosa E – several Murici, Jaqueira, Tamandare,
Green-headed Tanager T. seledon – common Serra Bonita,
Red-necked Tanager T. cyanocephala – widespread but uncommon in Atlantic rainforest,
Gilt-edged Tanager T. cyanoventris E – fairly common Boa Nova,
Burnished-buff Tanager T. cayana – common,
Silver-breasted (Opal-rumped) Tanager T. cyanomelaena E – several Porto Seguro,
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana – common,
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus – fairly common coastal areas,
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza – common coastal areas,
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira – widespread in small numbers,
Rufous-headed Tanager H. ruficapilla E – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Yellow-backed Tanager H. flavicollis - 2 Murici,
Chesnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum – several Serra Bonita,
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis – fairly common,
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis – fairly common,
[Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina - Mucuge],
Saffron Finch S. flaveola – uncommon Serra de Baturite, Michelin,
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola – several Murici, Mucuge,
Serra Bonita,
Pale-throated Serra-Finch E. longicauda E – several Chapada Diamantina,
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina – common,
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis – common,
Plumbeous Seedeater S. plumbea – several Mucuge,
White-throated Seedeater S. albogularis E – small numbers Quixada, Canudos,
Boa Nova,
White-bellied Seedeater S. leucoptera – several Boa Nova, Michelin,
Capped Seedeater S. bouvreuil– flock in roadside wetland en route to Porto Seguro,
Chesnut-bellied Seed-Finch Sporophila angolensis – 2 Michelin,
Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus – several Serra de Baturite, Chapada do Araripe, Boa Nova,
Sao Francisco Sparrow A. franciscanus E – 1 showed well Palmeiras-Guine road Chapada Diamantina,
Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus – common first half of trip,
Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana E - common throughout caatinga,
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica – several Boa Nova, Serra Bonita,
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis – several Murici, Tamandare,
Boa Nova,
Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii – widespread in small numbers,
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi – fairly common,
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis – several Boa Nova, Michelin,
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus – common,
Flavescent Warbler B. flaveolus – several Serra de Baturite, Boa Nova,
Neotropical River Warbler B. rivularis – 2 Michelin,
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous – common southern half of trip,
Yellow-rumped Cacique C. cela – several Serra Bonita,
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis – several Serra de Baturite, Chapada do Araripe, Tamandare,
Campo Troupial Icterus jamacaii E – common open areas,
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi – common,
Forbes’s Blackbird Curaeus forbesi GE – several showed well Tamandare,
Chesnut-capped Blackbird Chrysomus ruficapillus – uncommon Tamandare, Boa Nova,
Pale Baywing (Bay-winged Cowbird) Agelaiodes fringillarius E - several Quixada, Murici,
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis – common,
White-browed Blackbird Sturnella superciliaris – widespread but uncommon,
Purple-throated Euophonia Euphonia chlorotica – common,
Violaceous Euphonia E. violacea – common,
Golden-rumped Euphonia E. cyanocephala – 2 Boa Nova,
Orange-bellied Euphonia E. xanthogaster – common Porto Seguro, Serra Bonita,
Chesnut-bellied Euphonia E. pectoralis – several Tamandare, Serra Bonita,
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea – 2 Serra Bonita,
Common Waxbill – 2 Chapada do Araripe,
House Sparrow.

485 species