Birding in southern and central Sri Lanka, 15 to 31 March 2012

Published by Chris Chafer (cchafer AT speedlink.com.au)

Participants: Chris Chafer, Greg Buzza, Chris Brandis, Roger Truscott

Comments

Introduction

We spent 18 days in southern Sri Lanka in March 2012. Our aim was to see as many of the endemic birds as we could and so we decided to find a guide for this purpose. After searching trip reports on the internet and making numerous enquiries we engaged Amila Salgado from Birdwing Nature Holidays www.birdwingnature.com Amila organized our itinerary and all travel and accommodation during our trip. He is an excellent guide and helped us achieve our main goal of observing all 33 endemics. Additionally he was very keen to show us night birds, which are always difficult in a new country. We ended up observing 12 owls, frogmouths and nightjars which was fantastic. Besides his obvious expertise in birding, he has an excellent knowledge of wildlife in general and is an accredited cultural history guide and we saw many mammals, reptiles, butterflies and dragonflies in addition to the 235 bird species we encountered. We highly recommend his services if you are looking to maximize your birding activity in southern Sri Lanka.

Driving in Sri Lanka can be hazardous and travel can be very slow. It can take a long time to get between locations, for example it took four hours to go 50km on one day, and we do not recommend driving yourself. Amila organized a comfortable mini-bus and driver and we so we had little to worry about between locations. Our driver, Artulla, was great and negotiated the often congested and slow traffic with ease. He also managed to avoid several head-on collisions with impatient bus drivers coming the opposite direction….yes, driving in Sri Lanka can be very interesting.

All our accommodation was in comfortable hotels or simple lodges, though the latter were often very basic, their location next to prime birding sites more than made up for any visual disappointment in facilities. We ate local Sri Lankan food throughout the trip and it was excellent and we always drank bottled water. We had no medical problems.

We flew from Sydney, Australia to Colombo via Kula Lampur with Malaysian Airlines and had no problems, everything went smoothly.

Birding in Sri Lanka can be slow, especially in forests, and even in diverse habitats it’s difficult to get 100 species in a day. Nevertheless, we had a lot of fun with plenty of butterflies and dragonflies to keep us amused between bird sightings. We saw a total of 235 species.

Following is a brief daily account of our trip with highlights. A complete list of birds and other fauna that we observed can be found at the end of the report. A variety fauna shots from the trip can be found at http://www.flickr.com/photos/chris_chafer/sets/72157629364254262/

Daily summaries.

Wed 14th March

Our gang of four (CB, CC, RT, GB), met at Sydney airport and flew to Kuala Lumpur on Malaysian Airlines then on to Colombo airport arriving about midnight. Flights were fine and by getting our tourist visas on-line before departure we were quickly though immigration and customs. We were met by hotel courtesy van and taken to the Gateway Hotel at Negombo which is only ten minutes from the airport. We were in bed by 1am eagerly awaiting the morning.

Thursday 15th

Up at about 6.30 for some early morning birding around the hotel gardens before breakfast. Lots of birds in the hotel grounds which gave us an opportunity for a first look at many of the birds which we would see often on the rest of the trip. This included Stork-billed Kingfisher, White-throated Kingfisher, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Brown-headed Barbet, Black-rumped Flameback, Red-vented Bulbul, Black-hooded Oriole, Oriental Magpie-Robin, Yellow-billed Babbler, Purple-rumped Sunbird, Lesser Hill Myna, Long-billed Sunbird, Lesser Whistling-Duck, Shikra and White-bellied Drongo. After breakfast and discussion with hotel staff (not very helpful and totally lacking in information on local tourist sites) we decided to take a taxi to the coast at Negombo where we saw Whiskered and White-winged Black Terns, Blue-tailed Bee-eaters, Whimbrel, Common Redshank and Purple Heron. The helpful taxi driver suggested going to the Muthurajawela wetlands which are on the southern end of the lagoon. We took a cruise in a boat along the canal (built by the Dutch some 300 years ago) and out into the lagoon. Apart from birds we saw several large water monitors. Birds included terns, egrets, herons, Purple Swamphen (a lot different to the Australian subspecies and quite beautiful), Gull-billed and White-winged Black Tern and Alexandrine Parrot. Back to the hotel by about 4 and then we had a swim and a beer by the pool. Dinner was a buffet at the hotel. 53 species for the day.

Friday 16th

Birding around hotel before breakfast was not as prolific as the previous day though we added Legge’s Flowerpecker. The hotel grounds have good gardens with a nature walk and back on to the lagoon however there is a new wing being built for the hotel and the new freeway from the airport to Colombo is running through the lagoon close to the hotel. When this road opens it will increase the noise and spoil the amenity – the view of the lagoon has already been blocked. After breakfast we met our tour guide Amila Selgado at the hotel and the van driver Athula. Before heading off we saw an Oriental Honey-buzzard in the hotel garden. We drove to Kitulgala which is directly east of Colombo and takes about three hours. We stayed at in a River Lodge which had basic accommodation (simple rooms with cold showers) and a simple restaurant with the best food of the trip. The Lodge is on the banks of the Kelani River, the scene of the 1957 movie “Bridge on the River Kwai” and the surrounding area has a mixture of beautiful forest, small farms and riverine habitats. After lunch we birded around the Lodge and saw a pair of Chestnut-backed Owlet. Birding was briefly interrupted by rain but we saw some good birds including Asian Openbill, Shikra, Green Imperial Pigeon, Sri Lanka Hanging-Parrot, Sri Lanka Grey-Hornbill, Sri Lankan Swallow, Flame Minivet, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Golden-fronted Leafbird, and Indian Pitta (first Pitta for GB). A good dinner. Overnight at a River Lodge, 61 species for the day.

Saturday 17th

Up before dawn and walked in the adjacent forest to see the Collared Scops Owl. After breakfast we dove in the van and walked down to the ferry crossing. Crossed the river in the ferry (a dugout canoe that holds about six) and then walked through some small farms and up into the forest to look for the Serendib Scops Owl. After a long search Amila found the owl which we were all able to see. It was low down and was quite cryptic – looking like a brown leaf – so would be almost impossible to find without an experienced guide. Travelling up and back to the forest we stopped for a drink at a small trackside shop – saw the Rufous-bellied Eagle overhead. After a late lunch we birded (between rain showers) along the river near the lodge – picking up leeches and birds including Black Bittern, Sri Lanka Green-Pigeon, Stork-billed Kingfisher and Black-rumped Flameback. GB learnt that normal socks are not problem for leeches to get through. CB was a leech magnet. Spent time photographing White-rumped Munia and then walked up the hill for more birding including Black Bulbul, Fame Minivet, Black-hooded Oriole, Tickel’s Blue Flycatcher, Brown-capped Babbler, Orange-billed Babbler, Black-capped Bulbul, Yellow-fronted Barbet. Dinner and overnight at the lodge 48 species for the day.

Sunday 18th

Up early for birding around the lodge and then breakfast. Travelled to Sinharaja Forest Reserve which is directly south of Kitulgala and was about four hours drive. After arriving at the park entrance we transferred to a 4WD for the last three km’s uphill to a lodge within the forest reserve. A walk along the forest trail leading to the lodge revealed Ashy-headed Laughingthrush. The lodge has basic comfortable rooms, hot water and a great dining area overlooking the park where it is possible to scope while eating! Birded along the main track from the lodge in the afternoon, which keeps to the same elevation – more or less. Hot and humid with leeches, but no other insect problems. Birds seen included Pale-billed Flowerpecker, Besra, Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Greater Coucal, Sri Lanka Frogmouth (a pair sitting quietly), Malabar Trogon, Sri Lanka Small Barbet, Lesser Yellownape, Black-headed Cuckooshrike, Spot-winged Thrush, Bright-green Warbler, Sri Lanka Blue Magpie, White-faced Starling, Sri Lanka White-eye and Sri Lanka Myna. Lots of butterflies about. Overnight at the lodge, 55 species for the day.

Monday 19th

Up early to see the Indian Pitta next to the dining area. Breakfast with the beautiful Sri Lanka Blue Magpies. After breakfast a long morning walk looking for endemics. After 20 mins of patiently waiting we finally saw two Green-billed Coucal flying close and low. Other birds included Brown Shrike, Sri Lanka Scimitar-babbler, Dark-fronted Babbler, Black-naped Monarch, Brown-breasted flycatcher (well spotted by CB) and Sri Lanka Crested Drongo. Did some laundry after lunch then went back along the 3.5km track to the “big tree” in the rain. Searched hard for Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush in low undergrowth which all eventually saw except GB – but on the way back we all had extended views of one perched on a dead stump. A total of only 35 species in a rainy day in the Sinharaja jungle.

Tuesday 20th

Breakfast on the dining balcony with Japanese couple. Walked down the road to see the elusive Sri Lanka Spurfowl – saw both male and female briefly. After ablutions at the lodge we walked down the “big tree” track in the forest reserve to look for the Red-faced Malkoha. After a long walk one finally flew in where GB was scoping. Then a frustrating 40minutes before for everyone got a good look at it as weaved between thick canopy foliage. On the way back we saw the Crimson-backed Flameback. A late lunch then rest followed by a walk down the hill to look for Layard’s Parakeet of which a number flew by on the way to roosting. Amila showed RT how to set his Canon for better shots in the rainforest – in P mode with ISO set at 3200 - which worked well. After dinner Amila challenged us to scrabble – which he lost to RT. Overnight at the lodge, 40 species for the day.

Wednesday 21st

After breakfast packed up and went down the hill in 4WD. Stopped for crippling views of Crested Serpent-Eagle and Grey-rumped (Crested) Treeswift. Then, one of the highlights of the trip. After talking to a local tracker, we headed off down a steep hill, over a calf-deep stream, then climbed several hundred metres up a hill to look for a fledgling Spot-bellied Eagle Owl reported by locals to still be on the nest. The young one was not there, but CC spotted an adult perched on nearby bare limb, what an awesome bird and RT got great pics too. Well worth the tough climb!

Drove in the van to Udawalawa stopping on the way for lunch at a cake shop. Checked in at the hotel then drove to Udawalawa National Park stopping on the way to see waterbirds near a tank (reservoir). Drove around the park in a safari jeep. The park is savannah woodland mostly for elephants but good for birds too. Many birds seen including Barred Buttonquail, Indian Peafowl, Emerald Dove, Orange-breasted Green-Pigeon, Little Green Bee-eater, Indian Roller, Eurasian Hoopoe, Coppersmith Barbet, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, Jerdon’s Bushlark, Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark, Yellow Wagtail, Blyth’s Pipit, Black-backed Robin, Blyth’s Reed Warbler, Grey-breasted Prinia, Plain Prinia, Ashy Prinia, Jungle Prinia, and the recently ‘found’ Marshall’s Iora. On the way back stopped near the tank and at dusk saw Jerdon’s nightjar and Yellow-wattled Lapwing. Dinner was ‘Chinese’ with a Sri Lankan flavor at the ‘deserted’ Safari Village, 85 species for the day.

Thursday 22nd

Birding around hotel grounds before breakfast, saw a nesting peahen, and building nests were Scaly-breasted Munia and Oriental White-eye. Checked out and went in the van birding along the canal driving out of village - herons, White-browed Fantail, Asian Paradise-flycatcher (seen throughout tour). Brief stop near a park entrance to view a roosting Indian Scops Owl. Stopped at wetlands (tanks) along way. Pheasant-tailed Jacana on nest with egg was crippling. Arrived at Tissa (Tissamaharama) and checked in at the Hibiscus Hotel. Luxury – good rooms, swimming pool, elevated dining room and great food. Had a swim before lunch and left at 3pm for birding around nearby wetland sites. Saw Blue-faced Malkoha on nest near hotel (well spotted by Athula) and Sri Lanka Woodshrike which we later founding nesting here as well. At the first site saw White-naped Woodpecker with beautiful golden wings then at the second wetlands site had good looks at wetland birds including Yellow Bittern, Painted Stork, Spot-billed Pelican, Purple Heron, Eurasian Spoonbill, Saunder’s Tern and Watercock. Mugga crocodiles out in the lake. At third site on way back saw Eurasian Thick-nee, Streaked Weaver. Overnight at Hibiscus Hotel, 85 species for the day.

Friday 23rd

Left hotel at 5.30am in a safari vehicle with a breakfast pack and drove to Bundala Sactuary, a Ramsar wetland. Beautiful early morning light for birds. Pintail Snipe feeding on elephant turd! Great Thick-knee, Painted Stork, Orange-breasted Green-Pigeon, Purple Sunbird in great light. Around salt works saw terns including Lesser Crested-Tern, Great Crested-Tern, Caspian Tern, Gull-billed Tern, Little Tern, also saw the only gull of the tour – Brown-headed Gull. Other birds included Kentish Plover, Lesser Sand Plover, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Common Greenshank, Marsh Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Ruddy Turnstone, Curlew Sandpiper, Pacific Golden-plover, Grey Plover, Little Stint and Small Pratincole (top bird for CB). Back to hotel by 11am, seeing Grey-bellied Cuckoo near hotel. Swim and lunch. Around hotel were a pair of Pied Kingfisher and lots of Pale-billed Flowerpeckers. Set out at 2pm for Yala N.P, a 30 minute wait for tickets and then in a safari jeep, but we did see Jungle Cat. Got stuck in a vehicle cue at a sleeping Leopard site and after the 20 minute wait we see part of the leopard asleep in a tree. Our tracker wants to turn the vehicle around – inexplicable unless he loves road blocks but eventually we continue on around the park and don’t see much more – except another sleeping leopard and a Jackal. Roads in park were very rough and dusty. Birds included Brown Fish-Owl and Sirkeer Malkoha (in poor light). Back at hotel 7.30pm, 101 species for the day.

Saturday 24th

Breakfast then RT and GB walk to nearby site for great looks and photos of Blue-faced Malkoha, Greater Coucal, Common Iora and Tawny-bellied Babbler. After breakfast, take van to wetland sites. Baya Weaver at nest, Malabar Pied-Hornbill, Small Minivet, Black Bittern, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Great Egret in breeding plumage, cormorants, Little Grebe, Grey-headed Fish-Eagle. Visit to a private house to view a pair of roosting Collared Scops Owl, then stop for coconut refreshment and visit to a large stupa. Back to hotel for swim and lunch. At 3pm went to Bird Sanctuary which is a large tank where we park on the dam wall. Stalk a Black Bittern in the vegetation, Eurasian Thick-knee and other water birds nearby. Visit a small pottery cottage industry and watch a guy making clay pots for 10 rupees – which includes digging the clay, pressing and firing it. The potter demonstrated making and ashtray on a hand pushed potter’s wheel. In the late afternoon we went to an owl site with a young local birder and his mates to see a roosting Brown Fish-Owl and another Indian Scops Owl, then finally visit to a wetland at dusk. Overnight at Hibiscus Hotel, 91 species for the day.

Sunday 25th

Walk down road before breakfast and saw Grey-bellied Cuckoo. Breakfast, then packed and left in van. Stopped about 50k north near Tanamalwia and walked into bush near a N.P. Saw Jungle Owlet – distant and very small so the scope was handy. Brief look at Chestnut-winged Cuckoo (well spotted by CC), a beautiful white phase Asian Paradise Flycatcher and Grey Tit. Continued north to stop at Rawana Ella Falls for a pic then on to Ella for lunch at the Ella Motel. The figtree was alive with small birds including barbets and the elusive Thick-billed Flowerpecker. Lunch was fish, served with tea; the colonials would have appreciated such meals. After lunch drove to a private forest in a tea plantation to see the Brown Wood-Owl. Also saw Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher. Drove on to Nuwara Eliya the highest and coolest site of our trip at 1,868 m, stopping at roadside just outside of town and saw female Indian Blue Robin, then checked in at the Leisure Village Hotel – on a hillside overlooking a lake with tea plantations behind, 73 species for the day.

Monday 26th

Early breakfast at 5.15am and then drove to a forest site near the edge of Nuwara Eliya. Saw Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush, Sri Lanka Bush Warbler, Dull-blue Flycatcher, Kashmir Flycatcher and Yellow-eared Bulbul. Went to the Grand Hotel (previously government house) for coffee then to nearby Victoria Park. We birded along a filthy creek and saw several Pied Thrush, Indian Blue Robin, Sykes Warbler (except GB), and Forest Wagtail. Amila takes a nature break in the park and photographs the blue robin at the same time – that’s multi-tasking! Drove to massage parlor for CC and RT to get some relief (steam bath) for back aches while CB and GB went back to near the hotel by threewheeler and walked along the lake edge trying to identify the local Paddyfield Pipit. After lunch, drove to nearby hillside and walked for a couple of hours looking for the wood pigeon. No luck but saw Crimson-backed Flameback, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch, Sri Lanka Scimatar-babbler and Purple-faced Leaf Monkey. Amila and RT go for a run in the dark then the pre-dinner entertainment was RT and Amila doing exercises on the floor. Overnight at the Leisure Village Hotel, only 43 species for the day.

Tuesday 27th

Breakfast at 6.15, checked out and drove northwards down the hills to a tea factory. Found the Hill Swallow nesting in the tea drying barn. After a tour of the tea factory we drank tea – and bought some souvenirs. Drove on to Kandy with the first stop being a boring silk shop which was a short visit. Next was a wood carving factory, which was more interesting. Good to see the people carving, factory shop with lots of elephants. Went to hillside for quick birding walk and saw White-rumped Shama, Layard’s Parakeet very close. Lunch was in restaurant overlooking the Kandy with soap opera movie being filmed. Checked into Nature Walk Hotel then did some balcony birding until 3pm and went in van looking for the wood pigeon again without success. However saw Lesser Yellownape, Brown-capped, Black-rumped and Crimson-backed woodpeckers and good look at Velvet-fronted Nuthatch. Dinner and overnight at the hotel 45 species for the day.

Wednesday 28th

Early morning birding from the roof of the hotel with pots of bouganvillia as a safety rail. Breakfast then checked out and went to lake in town to a dead tree with water birds and water monitors - then out of town to nearby hotel with extensive gardens. Spent the morning in the hotel grounds looking for the wood pigeon, then had lunch near the pool – saw Large Cuckooshrike, Small and Flame Minivet, Brown-backed Needletail, Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Golden-fronted Leafbird and a Crested Serpent-Eagle eating a serpent. Rain after lunch then finally saw Sri Lanka Woodpigeon close by and posing for us. Off in van to stop at a Hindu temple then on to a batik factory with shop attached. Tour of factory, which was quite interesting. Drove on to Sigiriya and checked in at the Hotel Sigiriya. Large hotel complex with lots of tourist, good buffet meals and view of the rock beyond the pool. Celebrated with a bottle of wine for finally getting all 33 endemics, 57 species for the day.

Thursday 29th

Up at 5.15 to meet at 5.45 near the hotel pool – see a lone Orange-headed Thrush. Walk down the road to the wetlands – many waterbirds including Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Grey-headed Fish-Eagle, Cotton Pygmy-goose, Sri Lanka Swallow close up on ground and White-rumped Shama. Take van to old capital site at Polonnaruwa, stopping on the way at a military café for coffee. Visit to museum and then temples. Sand around temples very hot on compulsory bare feet! Site with reclining Buddha worth the visit. One temple had a Barn Owl hiding high on a ledge. On way back we stop at the military café for late lunch. Back to Sigiriya hotel in a thunderstorm. After swim in pool go birding looking for nightjars – see Jerdon’s nightjar and Wooly-necked Stork, 73 species for the day.

Friday 30th
Breakfast then drive to Sigiriya Rock site. Walk through the old palace gardens and ruins and climb the rock. Lots of birds but the only new one was a majestic Shaheen flying close to the rock. Back to hotel for a swim and lunch. Birding in the afternoon along the moat area around the old monastery and then drive to nearby field with Sigiriya Rock as a backdrop. Birds seen include the Shaheen on a ledge of the rock seen through the scope, Wooly-necked stork, Jungle and Ashy Prinia, Grey-bellied Cuckoo, Baya Weaver, Black-headed Ibis, Richard’s Pipit and Indian Cuckoo at dusk. Spotlight 5 Jerdon’s Nightjar and Indian Nightjar after sunset. 80 species for the day.

Saturday 31st

Breakfast and morning walk with good variety of birds including Large Cuckoo-shrike, Twany-bellied Babbler, White-rumped Sharma, Golden-fronted Leafbird, Crested Serpent Eagle and Flame Minivet. Checked out of hotel for long drive back to Negumbo, stopped at one last site near the Rock and found Drongo Cuckoo. Stopped for a drink at roadside café, expensive place for tourist – photos with scouts from Aceh, Indonesia. Also an uneventful lunch stop then back to Gateway Hotel by mid afternoon. Photos then said goodbye to Atulla – with thanks for getting us around safely in tricky driving conditions and also thanks for spotting birds. Swim then dinner a la carte, 62 species for the day.

Sunday 1st April

Early morning birding saw Striated Heron and Oriental Honey-buzzard. Also the usual suspects before breakfast. Took taxi to beach area of Negumbo to do some souvenir shopping. Walked along beach then taxi back to hotel. Walk to front gate GB and CB, bought bananas for lunch then relaxed (TV). Amila arrived before dusk and we eventually saw our final bird – Brown Hawk Owl, 47 species for the day. Showered then went to airport. Plane delayed by an hour so left after 1am. Trip back to Sydney was without incident.

Species Lists

Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis Tissa area
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Tissa area
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger Common
Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Neombo, Tissa, Kandy
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster Kitulgala, Tissa
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia Common
Great Egret Casmerodius albus Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Cattle Egret Bubulcus corumandus Common
Indian Pond-Heron Ardeola grayii Common
Striated Heron Butorides striatus Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Tissa, Sigiriya
Yellow Bittern Ixbrychus sinensis Tissa
Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis Kitulgala, Tissa,
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala Udawalawa, Tissa
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans Common in fields and wetlands
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus Sigiriya
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus Common
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Tissa
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Tissa, Sigiriya
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus Sigiriya
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus Negombo, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus Common
Rufous-bellied Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii Kitulgala
Besra Accipiter virgatus Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya
Shikra Accipiter badius Common
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus Udawalawa, Tissa
Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela Uawalawa, Kandy, Sigiriya
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis Kitulgala, Sinharaja
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus Sinharaja, Udawalawa, Tissa, Kandy, Sigiriya
White-bellied Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster Tissa, Sigiriya
Grey-headed Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Tissa, Sigiriya
Shaheen Falco peregrinus peregrinator Sigiriya
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Udawalawa, Negombo
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator leggei Udawalawa
Sri Lanka Spurfowl Galloperdix bicalcarata Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Junglefowl Gallus lafayetii Kitulgala, Sinharaja
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus Udawalawa, Tissa Sigiriya
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus Common
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea Tissa
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Negombo, Tissa
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Negombo, Tissa, Sigiriya
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus Tissa,
Great Thick-knee Esacus recurvirostris Udawalawa, Tissa
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea Tissa
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malarbaricus Tissa
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus Common
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva Tissa
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Tissa
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Tissa
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Tissa
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus Tissa
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultia Tissa
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Tissa
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Negombo
Common Redshank Tringa totanus Negombo, Tissa
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis Tissa
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Tissa
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Common Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Common in wetlands
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Tissa
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura Tissa, Sigiriya
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Tissa
Little Stint Calidris minuta Tissa
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus Tissa
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Tissa, Negombo
Great Crested-Tern Thalasseus bergii velox Tissa, Negombo
Lesser Crested-Tern Thalasseus bengalensis Tissa
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Tissa, Negombo
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus Negombo, Tissa, Udawalawa, Sigiriya
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Negombo, Tissa, Udawalawa
Saunders's Tern Sterna saundersii Tissa
Little Tern Sterna albifrons Tissa
Rock Pigeon Columba livia common
Sri Lanka Woodpigeon Columba torringtoni Kandy
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis ceylonensis Common
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica robinsoni Kitulgala, Kandy
Orange-breasted Green-Pigeon Treron bicincta leggei Udawalawa, Tissa
Sri Lanka Green-Pigeon Treron pompadora Kitulkgala, Sinharaja, Kandy, Sigiriya
Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea Common in forest
Sri Lanka Hanging-Parrot Loriculus beryllinus Common in forest
Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria Negombo, Kitulgala, Kandy, Sigiriya
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Common
Layard's Parakeet Psittacula calthropae Kitulgala, Sinharaja, Kandy
Red-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus Sinharaja
Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris Tissa
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolapacea Common
Sirkeer Malkoha Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii Tissa
Green-billed Coucal Centropus chlororhynchus Sinharaja
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis Common
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus Tanamalwia
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus Sigiriya
Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus Tissa, Kandy, Sigiriya
Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris Sigiriya
Collared Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena Kitulgala, Tissa
Serendip Scops Owl Otus thilohoffmanni Sinharaja
Brown Hawk Owl Ninox scutulata Negombo
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum Tanamalawia
Chestnut-backed Owlet Glaucidium castanonotum Kitulgala
Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger Sinharaja
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus eidos Sigiriya
Jerdon's Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis Udawalawa, Sigiriya
Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis blighi Sinharaja
Brown Fish-Owl Ketupa zeylonensis zeylonensis Tissa, Sigiriya
Brown Wood-Owl Strix leptogrammica ochrogenys Nuwara Eliya
Barn Owl Tyto alba Sigiriya
Sri Lanka Grey-Hornbill Tockus gingalensis Uncommon
Malabar Pied-Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus Tissa
House Crow Corvus splendens Common
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos Common
Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus Sinharaja
Stork-billed Kingfisher Halcyon capensis Uncommon
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis Common
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Common
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis Tissa
Little Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis ceylonicus Sinharaja, Tissa, Sigiriya
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti Kitulgala, Nuwara Eliya
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus Uncommon
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis Negombo, Udawalawa, Tissa
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops Udawalawa, Tissa
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala Uncommon
Sri Lanka Small Barbet Megalaima rubricapilla Sinharaja, Tissa, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica Common
Yellow-fronted Barbet Megalaima flavifrons Uncommon
Brown-capped Woodpecker Picoides moluccensis gymnophthalmus Kandy, Sigiriya
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Picoides mahrattensis Udawalawa
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus wellsi Sinharaja, Kandy
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense Uncommon
Crimson-backed Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes stricklandi Sinharaja, Kandy, Nuwara Eliya
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus tantus Tissa
Jerdon's Bushlark Mirafra affinis Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula Tissa
Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix grisea Udawalawa, Tissa
Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Udawalawa, Tissa
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Kitulgala, Nuwara Eliya
Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus Tissa
Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii Udawalawa, tissa
Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis Kitulgala, Sinharaja, Tissa, Sigiriya
Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis Uncommon
Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus Sinharaja, Udawalawa
Little Swift Apus affinis Common
Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor Uncommon
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Uncommon
Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola Nuwara Eliya, Kandy
Sri Lanka Swallow Hirundo hyperythra Uncommon
Sri Lanka Woodshrike Tephrodornis affinis Tissa, Nuwara Eliya
Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei layardi Kandy
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus leggei Uncommon
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus Uncommon
Flame Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus Common
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina malanoptera Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus cristatus Common
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus Udawalawa, Kandy
Black-headed Yellow Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus Kitulgala, Sinharaja
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer cafer Common
Yellow-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus penicillatus Nuwara Eliya
White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus insulae Tissa, Nuwara Eliya
Yellow-browed Bulbul Hypsipetes indicus Kitulgala, Sinharaja
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus humii Kitulgala, Sinharaja
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia Common
Marshall's Iora Aegithina nigrolutea Udawalawa
Jerdon's Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis Tissa, Kandy
Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons Kitugala, Kandy, Sigiriya
Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus ceylonensis Common
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea Nuwara Eliya
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus leggei Kandy, Sigiriya
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis Common
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata Nuwara Eliya, Kandy
Black-backed Robin Saxicoloides fulicata leucoptera Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush Myophonus blighi Nuwara Eliya
Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii Nuwara Eliya
Spot-winged Thrush Zoothera spiloptera Kitugala, Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush Zoothera imbricata Sinharaja
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina Sigiriya
Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura Kitugala, Sinharaja, Tissa, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Brown-capped Babbler Pellorneum fuscocapillum Kitugala, Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Scimatar-babbler Pomatorhinus melanurus Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya
Dark-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps Sinharaja
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra phillipsi Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense nasale Udawalawa, Tissa
Orange-billed Babbler Turdoides rufescens Kitugala, Sinharaja, Udawalawa
Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis taprobanus Common
Ashy-headed Laughingthrush Garrulax cinereifrons Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Bush-warbler Bradypterus palliseri Nuwara Eliya
Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum Udawalawa, Tissa
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus Tissa
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis Tissa
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii legei Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Plain Prinia Prinia subflava insularis Negombo, Udawalawa, Tissa, Sigiriya
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis brevicauda Udawalawa, Nuwara Eliya , Sigiriya
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica valida Udawalawa, Sigiriya
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius sutorius Negombo, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Sykes Warbler Iduna rama Nuwara Eliya
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca Tissa
Bright-green Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus Kitugala, Sinharaja
Large-billled Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris Sinharaja, Kandy
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea ceylonensis Sinharaja,
Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi Common
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola Tissa, Kandy, Sigiriya
Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis Nuwara Eliya
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra Nuwara Eliya
Dull-blue Flycatcher Eumyias sordidus Nuwara Eliya
Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui Sinharaja
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica Kitugala, Nuwara Eliya
Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher Niltava tickelliae jerdoni Uncommon
Grey Tit Parus major Nuwara Eliya
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos ceylonense Common
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile zeylonicum Nuwara Eliya
White-thoated (Legge’s) Flowerpecker Dicaeum vincens Negombo, Kitugala, Sinharaja
Purple-rumped Sunbird Nectarinia zeylonica zeylonica Common
Long-billed Sunbird Nectarinia lotenia lotenia Negombo, Nuwara Eliya
Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica Tissa, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosa Sinharaja, Tissa, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Sri Lanka White-eye Zosterops ceylonensis Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata Nrgombo, Kitugala, Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata Uncommon
Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti kelaarti Sinharaja
Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca Sinharaja, Tissa, Kandy, Sigiriya
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Uncommon
Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar Tissa
Baya Weaver Ploceus phillipinus Tissa, Sigiriya
Sri Lanka Crested Drongo Dicrurus lophorinus Sinharaja
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens Common
Sri Lanka Blue Magpie Urocissa ornata Sinharaja, Nuwara Eliya
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum Tissa
White-faced Starling Sturnus senex Sinharaja
Sri Lanka Myna Gracula ptilogenys Sinharaja
Lesser Hill Myna Gracula indica Negombo, Kiugala, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis malanosturnus common