Peru-Cusco, Abra Malaga, Apurimac endemics & Upper Manu road, January 2018

Published by Manu Expeditions (birding AT manuexpeditions.com)

Participants: Alex Durand, Barry Walker

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ITINERARY

January 4th: In the morning after pickup from Cusco airport we moved to Limatambo. Overnight at Andea Spirit Lodge.

January 5th: Early morning breakfast and we moved to Soray Pampa and birded a long road and afterwards we went back to Ollantaytambo and overnight at the Pakaritampu Hotel.

January 6th: After an early breakfast we went to Abra Malaga Carrizales, San Luis and afterwards in the afternoon we returned to Ollantaytambo. Overnight at the Pakaritampu Hotel.

January 7th: We had another early breakfast and departed in our private car to Malaga Pass (west side), and we birded the PolylepIs woodland, afterwards we made our way to Cusco. Overnight al Casa Andina Hotel.

January 8th: After a very early breakfast we travelled in our private van to Huacarpay lakes and then continued to Wayqecha Lodge and overnighted there.

January 9th: Very early breakfast again and then we birded near the tunnels and Pillahuata where we saw the endemic Red and White Antpitta and overnight at Wayqecha Lodge.

January 10th: Early departure from the Wayqecha after breakfast. We went on the famous Manu Road, the final stop was at Cock-of-the-rock Lodge, but we had several stops on the way for picnic lunch and many birding stops at great hotspots. Overnight at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

January 11th: Today we birded along the road and went down with the car until Quita Calzon Bridge. Had an amazing lunch at the lodge. In the afternoon, we birded the trails and then went to the Andean Cock-of-the-Rock Lek, we spent like a 30 minutes with 2 males displaying at eye level from the platform, and later on we went up with the car to El Mirador to bird before it got dark so we had a chance to see more birds. Dinner at the lodge. Overnight at Cock-of-the-rock Lodge.

January 12th: On this day we went to Villa Carmen Lodge with many stops on the way with lots birds and overnight at Villa Carmen Lodge.

January 13th: After breakfast we walked the trails searching for species in the bamboo forest and we were back at Lodge for lunch and in the afternoon we birded other trails. Overnight at Villa Carmen Lodge.

January 14th: Today we went to the Mirador Pilcopata and then went back to the lodge for lunch and after we returned to Cock of the Rock Lodge and Overnight at CORL.

January 15th: Today after breakfast we made our way back to Cusco and we finished the tour. Overnight at Casa Andina Hotel.

SPECIES LIST

TINAMOUS


Hooded Tinamou - Nothocercus nigrocapillus nigrocapillus. Heard in Pillahuata & Rocotal area, and 1 seen near Wayqecha. VULNERABLE.

Brown Tinamou - Crypturellus obsoletus. Heard only, in the San Pedro area near Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, and Pillahuata area.

Andean tinamou - Tinamou - Nothoprocta pentlandii fulvescens. Heard only, at the Andean Spirit Lodge in Limatambo.

Taczanowski's Tinamou – Nothoprocta taczanowskii. One seen at Ajanacco on the Manu road. Range Restricted.

Gray Tinamou – Timanus tao. Heard only, at Wayquecha.

Undulated Tinamou – Cryptyrellus undulates. Heard only, at Villa Carmen.

WATERFOWL

Andean Goose - Oressochen melanopterus. Two Individuals seen at Malaga pass (east side).

Torrent Duck - Merganetta armata turneri. One individual seen along the river on our way back from Ollantaytambo to Cusco.

Puna Teal - Anas puna. Many individuals seen at Piuray Lakes.

Yellow-billed Pintail (South American) - Anas georgica spinicauda [Anas georgica spinicauda/niceforoi]. One individual seen at Piuray Lakes.

Yellow-billed Teal - Anas flavirostris oxyptera. Several individuals seen at Piuray lakes. The SACC says “Hellmayr & Conover (1948a) and many earlier classifications treated andium (Andean Teal) as a separate species from A. flavirostris. Many authors, from Meyer de Schauensee (1970) to Dickinson (2003), have treated andium as a subspecies of A. flavirostris. Anas andium was considered a separate species from Anas flavirostris by Ridgely et al. (2001), and this was followed by Hilty (2003). SACC proposal passed to recognize andium as separate species. 7 Jaramillo (2003) further suggested that the subspecies oxyptera may also deserve recognition as a separate species from A. flavirostris.

Ruddy Duck (Andean) - Oxyura jamaicensis ferruginea. Common at Piuray lake. Andean populations have often (e.g., Hellmayr & Conover 1948a, Siegfried 1976, Sibley & Ahlquist 1990, AOU 1998, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Jaramillo 2003, del Hoyo & Collar 2014) been treated as a separate species, O. ferruginea ("Andean Duck" or "Andean Ruddy-Duck"). However, see Adams and Slavid (1984), Fjeldså (1986), McCracken & Sorenson (2005), and Donegan et al. (2015) for rationale for treating them as conspecific, as done previously (e.g., Blake 1977, Johnsgard 1979), and then followed by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990), Carboneras (1992f), and Dickinson & Remsen (2013). Siegfried (1976) and Livezey (1995) considered ferruginea to be more closely related to O. vittata than to O. jamaicensis, but McCracken & Sorenson (2005) showed that this is incorrect.

GUANS AND CHACHALACAS

Speckled Chachalaca - Ortalis guttata. Seen near Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge and Villa Carmen.

Andean Guan - Penelope montagnii plumosa. Seen at Pillahuata on the Manu Road.

NEW WORLD QUAIL

Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail - Odontophorus speciosus. Heard only, in the San Pedro area.

Stripe-faced Wood-Quail - Odontophorus balliviani. Heard only, at Abra Málaga (east side) and close to the Tunnels on the Manu Road.

GREBES

White-tufted Grebe - Rollandia rolland. 3 adult individuals seen at Piuray lake. Rollandia: Specific name Podiceps rolland. rolland= In honor of Thomas Pierre Rolland, Master Gunner (1776-1847) French Navy, of the corvette L’Uranie which circled the globe 1817-1848.

Silvery Grebe – Podiceps occipitalis. 2 individuals seen at Piuray Lake.

PIGEONS AND DOVES

Rock Pigeon - Columba livia. Feral Pigeon. The feral population is common near cities and towns.

Spot-winged Pigeon (albipennis) - Patagioenas maculosa albipennis. Several in Cusco, Ollantaytambo and Mollepata. It has been suggested that the albipennis race may be a separate species from North American populations.

Band-tailed Pigeon (White-necked) - Patagioenas fasciata albilinea [albilinea Group]. Fairly common around Wayqecha. It has been suggested that the albalinea race may be a separate species from North American populations.

White-tipped Dove (brasiliensis Group) - Leptotila verreauxi decipiens [brasiliensis Group]. A few individuals seen near Limatambo. Named for the impressive sounding John Baptiste Edouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French Natural History dealer and collector.

Eared Dove - Zenaida auriculata. Common in the Andes. Here the white tailed form.

CUCKOOS

Squirrell Cuckoo – Piaya cayana. 2 individuals seen at Villa Carmen.

Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani. Common aroun Villa Carmen.

NIGHTJARS AND ALLIES

Lyre-tailed Nightjar - Uropsalis lyra. A female seen on the Manu Road at Puente Unión (1700-1800m).

SWIFTS

Chestnut-collared Swift - Streptoprocne rutila. Several individuals in a flock seen flying and a few roosting underneath the tunnel at Pillahuata.

White-collared Swift - Streptoprocne zonaris. Commonly seen in Amazon.

Andean Swift - Aeronautes andecolus. Seen near Huacarpay.

Short-tailed Swift – Chaetura brachyura. 2 at Villa Carmen.

HUMMINGBIRDS

Buff-tailed Sicklebill – Eutoxeres condamini. 1 individual seen at Chontachaca.

Green Hermit – Phaetornis guy. A pair seen at Quitcalzon.

Wedge-billed Hummingbird - Schistes geoffroyi. 1 Seen around Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge. Named for Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire (1772-1884) French zoologist.

Lesser Violetear (Andean) – Colibri cyanotus crissalis [Colibri cyanotus cyanotus/crissalis]. A few at Cock of the Rock Lodge. The Central and Middle American form of Green Violetar have been split into Mexican Violetear by the AOU. Our form which occurs from Costa Rica to Bolivia is now this species.

Sparkling Violetear - Colibri coruscans. Common. Seen near Soraypampa, Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo), Huacarpay lakes, Cock-of-the-rock Lodge and at Villa Carmen.

Amethyst-throated Sunangel (Amethyst-throated) - Heliangelus amethysticollis amethysticollis [amethysticollis Group]. Several individuals seen at Malaga pass (east side) and Wayqecha. Sunangels are called such because of their charactistic way of rasing their wings like a stylized angel on alighting on a twig.

Wire-crested Thorntail - Discosura popelairii. Seen at Villa Carmen visiting the flowers at in the garden. Nmaed for Jean BaptisteBaron Popelairede Terloo Belgian naturalist and collector in Peru in the first half of the 19th century.

Rufous-crested Coquette – Lophornis dettrei. 3 individuals seen at Villa Carmen.

Peruvian Piedtail – Phogophilus harterti. 4 Individuals seen along Manu Road close to San Pedro. ENDEMIC.

Speckled Hummingbird (melanogenys Group) - Adelomyia melanogenys chlorospila [melanogenys Group]. 5 seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Long-tailed Sylph - Aglaiocercus kingi. 2 seen on the manu road at Cock of the Rock Lodge. Named for Rear-Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856) British marine surveyor and collector in tropical America.

Green-tailed Trainbearer - Lesbia nuna. 2 individuals ca. seen at Ollantaytambo Ruins and Huacarpay lakes. Lesbia: Gr. Lesbias= woman of Lesbos. nuna: Nouna-Koali, a graceful Indian virgin in Jean F. Denis’s novel (1829) “Ismaël Ben Kaïzar ou la découverture du Nouveau Monde”.

Blue-mantled Thornbill - Ramphomicron microrhynchum albiventre. 1 individual seen at the East side of Abra Málaga.

Rufous-capped Thornbill - Chalcostigma ruficeps. Seen near Wayqecha and Pillahuata area.

Bearded Mountaineer (Eastern) - Oreonympha nobilis nobilis. 1 adult individual seen at Huambutio. Oreonympha: Gr. oros, oreos= mountain and numphē= nymph. nobilis: L. nobilis= admirable, famous, renowned, noble, high-born, nobleman. ENDEMIC.

Scaled Metaltail – Metallura aeneocauda. 2 individuals seen at Aqjanaco. The endemic Scaled Metaltail albolimbata subspecies of WC Peru is considered a distinct species by Birdlife International. The ornithologist John Gould described the species in 1869, from
a specimen collected by H. Whitely at Tinta near Cuzco. Range Restricted.

Tyrian Metaltail (smaragdinicollis) - Metallura tyrianthina smaragdinicollis. 6 individuals seen in total at Malaga pass (east side), and Wayqecha. Metallura: Gr. Metallon= metal and oura= tail. tyrianthina: L. tyrianthinus tyrianthine= of a color between purple and violet.

Sapphire-vented Puffleg- Eriocnemis luciani. 2 Individuals seen at Abra Málaga, around Canchaylloq.

Buff-thighed Puffleg – Haplophaedia assimilis. 3 Individuals at Pilahuata and Mirador. Range Restricted.

Shining Sunbeam - Aglaeactis cupripennis caumatonota. Seen at Wayquecha, where it visits the feeders.

White-tufted Sunbeam - Aglaeactis castelnaudii castelnaudii. 4 individuals seen on the way up to Soraypampa. ENDEMIC.

Bronzy Inca – Coeligena coeligena. 1 seen at Rocotal.

Violet-throated Starfrontlet (Cuzco) – Coeligena violifer osculans. 2 individuals seen at Malaga pass (east side) and Wayqecha. Range Restricted.

Mountain Velvetbreast – Lafresnaya lafresnayi rectirostris. 2 individuals seen on the way up to Soraypampa.

Chestnut-breasted Coronet – Boissonneaua matthewsii. 5 individuals seen Wayquecha.

Collared Inca (Gould ́s) – Coeligena torquata. 3 seen at wayquecha and Pillahuata.

Anna’s Racket-tail – Ocreatus annae. A few seen on the Manu Road at Cock of the Rock. ENDEMIC. The Racket tailed Puffleg was unknown in life but specimens existed in various London cabinets, whence a drawing was sent in 1832 by Mr. Underwood on behalf of Charles Stokes, a London stockbroker and collector. An article in Zootaxa 4200 (1): 083–108 2016 Biogeography and taxonomy of racket-tail hummingbirds (Aves: Trochilidae: Ocreatus): evidence for species delimitation from morphology
and display behavior by KARL-L. SCHUCHMANN, ANDRÉ- A. WELLER & DIETMAR JÜRGENS provided evidence from plumage and behavior that Ocreatus underwoodii should be treated as four species, with the subspecies addae, annae, and peruana elevated to species rank. If this is so the species would be thus:
White-booted Racket-tail O. underwoodii Venezuela to W Ecuador;
Peruvian Racket-tail O. peruvianus E Ecuador to NE Peru;
Anna’s Racket-tail O. annae Pasco to Cuzco (endemic);
Rufous-booted Racket-tail O. addae Bolivia (endemic).

Sword – billed Hummingbird – Ensifera ensifera. 2 Seen at Abra Malaga.

Violet-fronted Brilliant - Heliodoxa leadbeateri. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Blue-tailed Emerald – Chlorostilbon mellisugus. 3 individuals seen at Andean Spirit Lodge and Villa Carmen around the Lodge.

Giant Hummingbird - Patagona gigas. 4 individuals seen at Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo), Ollantaytambo Ruins and Huacarpay lakes. One of the world's largest Hummingbirds after the Sword-billed Hummingbird if talking about measurement from tail tip to bill tip.

White-bellied Woodstar - Chaetocercus mulsant. 5 in total seen on Abra Málaga (East side) and the Manu Road in the Pillahuata area. Named for Martial Etienne Mulsant French zoologist and explorer.

Many-spotted Hummingbird - Taphrospilus hypostictus. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia chionogaster. 3 individuals seen at the Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo).

Green-and-white Hummingbird - Amazilia viridicauda. 1 seen at Pakaritampu Lodge (Ollantaytambo). ENDEMIC.

Golden-tailed Sapphire - Chrysuronia oenone josephinae. 1 seen below San Pedro area.

HOATZIN

Hoatzin – Opisthocomus hoazin. Common at Villa Carmen.

LIMPKIN

Limpkin – Aramus guarauna. Two individuals seen at Villa Carmen lodge.

RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS

Common Gallinule (Altiplano) - Gallinula galeata garmani. Common. Seen at Piuray Lake. Note that the New World form has been split from the Common Moorhen of Eurasia. Common Gallinule of Western Hemisphere is split from Common Moorhen on the basis of morphological, genetic, and vocal differences (Groenenberg et al 2008).

Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca. Common. Seen at Piuray lake. Called "Andean Coot" in Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990), Taylor (1996 and Ridgely et al. (2001) but other authors use Slate-colored Coot.

Purple Gallinule – Porphyrio martinica. One at Villa Carmen lodge on the small lagoons.

PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS

Andean Lapwing - Vanellus resplendens. Several individuals seen at Abra Malaga.

Collared Plover – Charadrius collaris. 2 individuals at Lake Piuray.

SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES

Spotted Sandpiper - Actitis macularius. Several seen at Lake Piuray.

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca. 1 individual seen at Piuray lake.

GULLS, TERNS

Andean Gull - Chroicocephalus serranus. Common in the Andes.

CORMORANTS

Neotropic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax brasilianus. Few individuals seen at Lake Piuray and along Urubamba River.

HERONS, EGRETS, AND BITTERNS

Great Egret (American) - Ardea alba egretta. 1 seen at Villa Carmen.

Cattle Egret (Western) - Bubulcus ibis ibis. 2 seen around Villa Carmen.

IBISES

Puna Ibis - Plegadis ridgwayi. Common. Lots seen at different locations; Ollantaytambo, Piuray and Urubamba River.

NEW WORLD VULTURES

Turkey Vulture (South Temperate) - Cathartes aura jota. Common in the lower parts of the Manu road. Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the resident tropical subspecies ruficollis and the southern subspecies group (jota and "falklandica") might merit recognition as separate species from the northern Cathartes aura group.

Black Vulture – Coragyps atratus. Several around Pilcopata.

Andean Condor - Vultur gryphus. 1 individual seen soaring low on the way up to Soraypampa.

HAWKS, EAGLES, AND KITES

Roadside Hawk (Mainland) - Rupornis magnirostris occiduus [magnirostris Group]. Common in the lower parts of Manu Road and Villa Carmen.

Variable Hawk (Variable) - Geranoaetus polyosoma polyosoma. 1 individual seen around Acjanaco pass. Farquhar (1988) concluded that Buteo poecilochrous and B. polyosoma are conspecific, as they were formerly treated (REF); he was unable to find any way to reliably diagnose the two forms using plumage characters or measurements. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001), Jaramillo (2003), and Schulenberg et al. (2007) followed this treatment and suggested "Variable Hawk" be retained for the composite species. Genetic data (Riesing et al. 2003) are consistent with hypothesis that B. polyosoma and B. poecilochrous are conspecific. [incorp. Cabot & De Vries 2003, Vaurie 1962]. SACC proposal passed to treat as conspecific. Cabot & de Vries (2003, 2004, 2010) presented additional data that support their recognition as separate species. SACC proposal to re-elevate poecilochrous to species rank did not pass.

Broad-winged Hawk - Buteo platypterus. 2 individuals seen at Pillahuata.

Tiny Hawk – Accipiter superciliosus. 1 seen perched near Chontachaca.

Semicollared Hawk – Accipiter collaris. One seen near Cock of the Rock Lodge, great view.

Slaty-backed Forest Falcon – Micrastur mirandolli. One individual seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge hunting chachalacas in the garden!!

OWLS

Koepcke's Screech-Owl (Apurimac) - Megascops koepckeae hockingi. 1 individual seen and a few heard at Andean Spirit Lodge. ENDEMIC. Megascops: Gr. Megas, megale= large, great and scops= an owl. In reference of Old World generally eared owls. koepckeae: In honor of Maria Emilia Koepcke née von Mikulicz-Radecki (1924- 1971) German ornithologist in Peru 1949-1971, explorer, and collector.

Rufescent Screech-Owl - Megascops ingens. 1 seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Amazonian Pygmy-Owl – Glaucidium hardyi. Heard only, around the garden at Villa Carmen.

Striped Owl – Pseudscops clamator. Heard only, around the soccer field at Villa Carmen.

Tropical Screech-Owl - Megascops choliba. Heard only, at Villa Carmen.

TROGONS

Golden-headed Quetzal - Pharomachrus auriceps. Heard only, in Paccha in Manu road. From the Greek Pharo = Mantle or Cloak. Machrus = long.

Crested Quetzal - Pharomachrus antisianus. 1 male at Rocotal.

Masked Trogon - Trogon personatus submontanus. Seen in the Wayquecha area.

Blue crowned Trogon- Trogon curucui. 1 male seen at Villa Carmen.

Black-tailed Trogon- Trogon melanurus. 1 male seen at Villa Carmen.

MOTMOTS

Andean Motmot - Momotus aequatorialis chlorolaemus. Seen at San Pedro.

PUFFBIRDS

White-eared Puffbird - Nystalus chacuru. Heard and seen at Andean Spirit Lodge and Limatambo area. Nystalus, nustalos = sleepy. chacuru: (Guarani) Indigenous name for this bird.

Black-streaked Puffbird - Malacoptila fulvogularis. Seen at Rocotal.

Lanceolated Monklet – Micromunacha lanceolata. One seen at San Pedro.

Swallow Wing –Chelidoptera tenebrosa. One seen perched at Chontachaca.

Yellow-billed Nunburd – Monasa lavirostris. 2 Individuals seen around Villa Carmen.

Black-fronted Nunbird – Monasa nigrifrons. A few seen at Villa Carmen.

NEW WORLD BARBETS

Versicolored Barbet (Blue-moustached) - Eubucco versicolor versicolor. Seen at San Pedro area.

Scarlet-hooded Barbet – Ebucco tucinkae. 2 seen on the Villa Carmen trails. Range Restricted.

Lemon-throated Barbet – Ebucco richardsoni. One seen around Villa Carmen.

TOUCANS

Southern Emerald Toucanet – Aulacorhynchus albivitta. 1 seen at Villa Carmen.

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus derbianus. One seen at San Pedro.

Blue-banded Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis A pair seen in the Rocotal area. Range Restricted.

Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan - Andigena hypoglauca. Heard only, at Wayqecha.

WOODPECKERS

Rufous-breasted Piculet - Picumnus rufiventris. 3 seen around Chontachaca.

Fine-barred Piculet – Picumnus subtilis. 2 seen around Chontachaca. Range Restricted.

Bar-bellied Woodpecker – Venilornis nigriceps. 2 seen in the Pillahuata area.

Golden-olive Woodpecker (Golden-olive) - Colaptes rubiginosus chrysogaster [rubiginosus Group]. 2 seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Black-crowned) - Colaptes rivolii atriceps. 2 individuals seen on the way up to Soraypampa.

Andean Flicker (Southern) – Colaptes rupicola puna [Colaptes rupicola rupicola/puna]. 2 individuals seen at Abra Malaga.

Crimson-bellied Woodpecker – Campephilus haematogaster. Two individuals around San Pedro.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker – Campephilus melanoleucos. Seen at Villa Carmen.

Rufous-headed Woodpecker – Celeus spectabilis Seen 1 at Villa Carmen Lodge in bamboo forest.

FALCONS AND CARACARAS

Mountain Caracara - Phalcoboenus megalopterus. Several individuals seen near Malaga pass, Piuray lakes and Limatambo area.

Barred Forest Falcon – Micrastur ruficollis. Heard only, at Villa Carmen.

American Kestrel (South American) - Falco sparverius [cinnamominus Group]. Several individuals seen in diferent locations, Limatambo and along Urubamba River.

Aplomado Falcon - Falco femoralis. 1 seen on the way to Paucartambo town.

Bat Falcon – Falco rufigularis. One seen at Villa Carmen.

NEW WORLD PARROTS

Cobalt-winged Parakeet – Brotogeris cyanoptera. Seen at Villa Carmen, very common.

Dusky-headed Parakeet – Aratinga weddellii. A few seen at Villa Carmen in flight.

Scaly-naped Parrot - Amazona mercenariea. Seen at Wayqecha and Rocotal, fairy common.

Mitred Parakeet - Psittacara mitratus alticola. Heard and seen at different locations; at Pakaritampu Hotel, in Aguas Calientes on the Hermanos Ayar Avenue, and on the way to Mandor, at Peru Ecocamp and Limatambo.

White-eyed Parakeet - Psittacara leucophthalmus. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge and Villa Carmen, very common.

Blue-headed Parrot – Pionus menstruus. Seen around Patria and Villa Carmen, very common.

Scarlet Macaw - Ara Macao. 4 individuals seen at Villa Carmen.

Military Macaw – Ara militaris. 4 Individuals seen in flight at Villa Carmen.

Blue and Yellow Macaw – Ara ararauna. 6 individuals at Villa Carmen on the other side of the Piñepiñe river.

Chestnut Fronted Macaw – Ara severa. Very common at Villa Carmen.

TYPICAL ANTBIRDS

Chestnut-backed Antshrike - Thamnophilus palliatus puncticeps. A pair seen around Chonta Chaca. Range Restricted.

Bamboo Antshrike – Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae. A pair around Chonta Chaca also in Villa Carmen. Great views. Range Restricted.

Yellow-rumped Antwren – Euchrepomis sharpie. 4 individuals at San Pedro - great views. Range Restricted.

Ornate Antwren (Western) - Epinecrophylla ornata meridionalis [ornata Group]. Seen several times near the Cock of the Rock Lodge and also at Villa Carmen.

Stripe-chested Antwren - Myrmotherula longicauda. 1 seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge and also at Villa Carmen. Common.

Yellow-breasted Warbling-Antbird - Hypocnemis subflava subflava. Several inviduals seen at San Pedro and Villa Carmen in bamboo forest. Range Restricted.

Plain Antvireo – Dysithamnus mentalis. Seen at Sapan Sachayuc trail, a pair.

Foothill Antwren – Epinecrophylla spodionota. Seen at Sapan Sachayus trail in mixed flocks.

Yellow-breasted Antwren – Herpsilochmus axillaris. Several around Cock of the Rock Lodge in mixed flocks.

Striated Antbird – Drymophila devillei. One seen at Villa Carmen in bamboo forest.

White-backed Fire-eye – Pyriglena leuconota marcapatensis. Heard only, at Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Brownish-headed Antbird – Schistocichla brunneiceps. One seen at Villa Carmen on a little stream or wetland on trail 6.

GNATEATERS

Slaty Gnateater - Conopophaga ardesiaca saturata. One seen around San Pedro on our roadside birding - very good view. Range Restricted.

ANTPITTAS

Undulated Antpitta - Grallaria squamigera. Heard only, on the way from Paucartambo to Acjanaco.

Red and White Antpitta - Grallaria erythroleuca. Two individuals at the old Wayqecha Reserve Station. ENDEMIC.

Rufous Antpitta (South Peruvian) - Grallaria rufula occabambae. One seen at Carrizales, a fantastic view (east side). The Rufous Antpitta complex will be split into at least 7-8 species so make sure you remember where you recorded each one. Range Restricted.

White-throated Antpitta – Grallaria albigula. One seen at Rocotal, great views.

Ochre-breasted Antpitta – Grallaricula flavirostris. One seen at Rocotal, a great view.

Stripe-headed Antpitta – Grallaria andicolus punensis. Two different times seen at Abra Malaga in Polylepis forest. Good views – here the southern subspecies.

TAPACULOS

Trilling Tapaculo - Scytalopus parvirostris. One seen at Wayqecha reserve station, great views. Skutalon = stick. Pous = foot. Stickfoot!!! Just look at their feet. Range Restricted.

White-crowned Tapaculo - Scytalopus atratus atratus. 1 individual seen in the Rocotal area.

Vilcabamba Tapaculo - Scytalopus urubambae. 1 individual seen at Soraypampa. Named for the Urubamba River that runs past Machu Picchu. ENDEMIC.

Puna Tapaculo – Scytalopus simonsi. One seen at Acjanaco pass, fantastic views. Range Restricted.

Diademed Tapaculo – Scytalopus schulenbergi. 1 individual seen at Canchayoc, Abra Malaga and one heard (east side). Named for Thomas Schulemberg of Cornell University author of A Field guide to the Birds of Peru. Range Restricted.

Rusty-belted Tapaculo – Liosceles thoracicus. One seen at Villa Carmen in bamboo forest. Great views.

ANTTHRUSHES

Barred Antthrush – Chamaeza mollissima. Heard only, in Wayqecha and Pillahuata area several times.

Black Faced Antthrush – Formicarius analis. Heard only, at Villa Carmen.

OVENBIRDS

Red-billed Scythebill – Campylorhamphus trochilirostris. One seen near Chontachaca in bamboo forest.

Montane Woodcreeper – Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger carabayae. Seen at Pillahuata and also in Rocotal in mixed flocks.

Streaked Xenops – Xenops rutilans peruvianus. Seen at Pillahuata in mixed flocks.

Streaked Tuftedcheek – Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii. 3 individuals seen at Wayqecha reserve station.

Rusty-winged Barbtail – Premnornis guttuligera. Seen two different times at Rocotal, first 3 individuals and on our way back to Cusco two more.

Cream-winged Cinclodes – Cinclodes albiventris. 3 individuals seen at Soraypampa and also in Abra Malaga, very common. Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the albiventris group might warrant recognition as a separate species from Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus. Unfortunately, Chesser’s (2004a) sampling did not include populations of C. fuscus from the Andes north of Argentina. Sanín et al. (2009) sampled C. fuscus from throughout its range and found that it was polyphyletic, with various populations more closely related to C. olrogi, C. oustaleti, C. comechingonus, and C. antarcticus. SACC proposal passed to elevate the albiventris and albidiventris groups to species rank. As for English names, Jaramillo (2003) proposed Creamwinged Cinclodes for C. albiventris and Buff-winged Cinclodes for C. fuscus, and Jaramillo (see proposal 415) proposed Chestnut-winged Cinclodes for C. albidiventris; these are used here tentatively until formal SACC action.

Royal Cinclodes – Cinclodes aricomae. A pair seen at Abra Malaga in Polylepis forest - great views. Range Restricted.

Montane Foliage-gleaner – Anabacerthia striaticollis yungae. Seen at Rocotal area and also at San Pedro in mixed flocks.

Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner – Anabazenops dorsalis. A pair seen at Villa Carmen and we heard many more.

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner – Automolus achrolaemus. Two different times at Villa Carmen.

Striped Treehunter – Thripadectes holostictus. One seen in the Rocotal area in bamboo.

Rufous-backed Treehunter – Thripadectes scrutator. Two individuals seen at Pillahuata, very good views.

Black-billed Treehunter – Thripadectes melanorhynchus. 1 seen around Cock of the Rock Lodge in mixed flocks.

Spotted Barbtail – Premnoplex brunnescens stictonotus. Heard only, on the Manu road at the Mirador (1700-1800m).

Pearled Treerunner – Margarornis squamiger peruvianus. Seen in the Wayqecha area.

Plain Softail – Thripophaga fusciceps. 3 individuals seen at Villa Carmen nesting at trail N° 6.

Pale-tailed Canastero – Asthenes usheri [Asthenes dorbignyi/ huancavelicae/usheri]. One seen in Limatambo at Andean Spirit Lodge. Named for British ornithologist H.B Usher (born 1893) who worked at the British Natural History Museum. ENDEMIC.

Junin Canastero - Asthenes virgata. 1 seen at Abra Malaga pass in grassland, very good view. ENDEMIC.

Line-fronted Canastero – Asthenes urubambensis. Two individuals seen at Abra Malaga and at Ajacanacu pass.

Streak-throated Canastero – Asthenes humilis. One Seen at Abra Malaga.

Puna Thistletail - Asthenes helleri. 1 individual seen at Carrizales, fantastic view. Named for Edmund Heller Assistant Curator of Mammals at the Field Museum of Natural History 1926-1928. He was on the multidiciplinary Yale University expedition when Hiram Bingham “found” Machu Picchu. VULNERABLE, Range Restricted.

Rusty-fronted Canastero - Asthenes ottonis. 2 individuals around the Mollepata and Soray Pampa. ENDEMIC.

Creamy-crested Spinetail - Cranioleuca albicapilla albigula. Very common around Mollepata and Soraypampa also at Abra Malaga. ENDEMIC.

Marcapata Spinetail – Cranioleuca marcapatae marcapatae. 5 individuals seen at Abra Malaga at Carrizales. ENDEMIC.

Azara's Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae urubambae. Very common on the Manu road, seen several times.

Cabani ́s Spinetail – Synallaxis cabanisi. One seen at Chontachaca, good views. Jean Luis Cananis was a German ornithogist (1816 – 1906).

Apurimac Spinetail - Synallaxis courseni. A pair seen on the way up to Soraypampa. Named for Charles Blair Coursen US businessman, sponsor and field ornithologist. VULNERABLE ENDEMIC.

TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

White-banded Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus stictopterus. Very common in mixed flocks on Manu road around Pillahuata.

White-throated Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus leucophrys brunneomarginatus. 2 seen at Abra Malaga and also on Manu road, Ajanacco.

Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet – Phyllomyias uropygialis. Several individuals seen at Abra Malaga and the upper Manu road.

White-lored Tyrannulet – Ornithion inerme. 1 seen at Villa Carmen.

Bolivian Tyrannulet – Zimmerius bolivianus. 1 seen at Rocotal. Range Restricted.

Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet – Phylloscartes parkeri. 2 Seen at Chontachaca. One of several birds and a genus named for Theodore A Parker III (1953-1993,) US fieled ornithologist with unparalleled knowledge of Neotropical birds, tragically killed in an aircrash. Range Restricted.

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet – Tyrannulus elatus. 1 Seen at Villa Carmen.

Tufted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes parulus. 2 individuals seen at Soraypampa.

Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant - Uromyias agraphia agraphia. 4 individuals seen at Malaga pass (east side). Agraphia from the Greek = unwritten lines referring to this Tit-Tyrant not being streaked like the others. ENDEMIC.

Ash-breasted Tit-tyrant – Anairetes alpinus. 1 Seen at Abra Málaga (west side). Range Restricted.

White-crested Elaenia (White-crested) – Elaenia albiceps urubambae [albiceps Group]. Seen at the Pakaritampu Hotel and Huacarpay area.

Mottle-backed Elaenia – Elaenia gigas. Seen near at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Sierran Elaenia (Andean) – Elaenia pallatangae intensa [pallatangae Group]. 7 seen in the upper part of Manu road.

Torrent Tyrannulet – Serpophaga cinerea. 2 seen at San Pedro.

Streak-necked Flycatcher – Mionectes striaticollis. Every day at Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Slaty-capped Flycatcher (albidiventris) – Leptopogon superciliaris albidiventer. Quite common at San Pedro.

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher – Mionectes oleagineous. Two consecutive days seen at Villa Carmen.

Inca Flycatcher – Leptopogon taczanowskii. Seen in Rocotal area. ENDEMIC.

Sepia-capped Flycatcher – Leptopogon amaourocephalus. 1 Seen at Villa Carmen.

Ornate Flycatcher – Myiotriccus ornatus. 2 Seen at Quitacalzon bridge (1000m.).

Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher – Poecilotriccus pulchellum. 5 Seen at Chontachaca and Villa Carmen. ENDEMIC.

Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher – Todirostrum chryscrotaphum. 2 Seen at Villa-Carmen.

Yellow-olive Tolmomyias – Tolmomyias sulphurecens. Seen at Villa Carmen.

Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher – Nephelomyias ochraceiventris. Seen at Pacchayoq.

Euler ́s Flycatcher – Lathotriccus euleri. 1 at Villa Carmen. Named for Carl Hironymus Euler (1834-1901) Swiss sttler in Brazil and Vice Consul in Rio de Janeiro – an amateur ornithologist.

Alder Flycatcher – Empidonaxx alnorum. 1 at Villa Carmen.

Rusty-fronted Tody-flycatcher – Todirostrum latirostris. Seen at Villa Carmen and Chontachaca.

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant – Phylloscartes optalmicus. Farily common at San Pedro.

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant – Phylloscartes poecilotis. 3 seen at San Pedro and Rocotal.

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant - Lophotriccus pileatus hypochlorus. Common at San Pedro.

Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant – Poecilotriccus simplex. 1 seen at Rocotal. A tricky bird to see anywhere. Range Restricted.

Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus. Common in the upper and middle Manu road.

Unadorned Flycatcher - Myiophobus inornatus. 4 seen in the Rocotal area. Range Restricted.

Smoke-colored Pewee - Contopus fumigatus. Seen at Rocotal and Pillahuata.

Western Wood-Pewee – Contopus sordidulus. 1 seen at the Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Black Phoebe – Sayornis nigricans. Quite common in the middle Manu road.

Rufous-webbed Bush-tyrant – Polioxolmis rufipennis. 2 Seen at Abra Málaga.

Black Phoebe (White-winged) – Sayornis nigricans angustirostris [Sayornis nigricans latirostris/angustirostris]. Common. Seen in Aguas Calientes on the Hermanos Ayar Avenue and on the way to Mandor and Paucartambo town. This is the southern subspecies latirostris. The change from the darker-winged nominate nigricans to the white-winged latirostris is a north- south cline, with larger amounts of white gradually appearing further south.

White-winged Black-Tyrant (White-winged) – Knipolegus aterrimus anthracinus [Knipolegus aterrimus aterrimus/anthracinus]. 4 seen at Yoga Lodge and Soraypampa.

Crowned (Kalinowski ́s) Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca (spodionata) frontalis. 1 seen at Abra Málaga (West Side) around Carrizales.

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant (Brown-backed) - Ochthoeca fumicolor berlepschi [fumicolor Group]. 1 individual seen at Malaga pass (east side).

White-browed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca leucophrys urubambae. 3 individuals seen at Soraypampa.

Slaty backed (Maroon-belted) Chat-tyrant – Ochtoeca (Thoracica) cinnamomeiventris. Several at Paccha and Rocotal.

Long-tailed Tyrant – Colonia colonus. A couple seen at Villa Carmen.

Piratic Flycatcher - Legatus leucophaius. Heard only, at Villa Carmen. Common.

Variegated Flycatcher – Empidonomus varius. 1 seen at San Pedro.

Social Flycatcher – Myiozetetes similis. Common at Villa Carmen.

Gray-capped Flycatcher – Myiozetetes granadensis. Several seen at Villa Carmen.

Great Kiskadee – Ptiangus sulphuratus. Fairly common at Villa Carmen.

Tropical Kingbird - Tyrannus melancholicus. Common in the middle and lower parts of Manu road and Villa Carmen.

Lemon-browed Flycatcher - Conopias cinchoneti. Seen below San Pedro area. VULNERABLE.

Golden-crowned Flycatcher - Myiodynastes chrysocephalus. Seen at San Pedro.

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher - Myiodynastes luteiventris. Common at Villa Carmen.

Cinereous Ground-tyrant – Muscisaxicola cinereus. 3 seen at Abra Malaga (east side).

COTINGAS

Band-tailed Fruiteater (signata) - Pipreola intermedia signata. Seen near Rocotal. Range Restricted.

Barred Fruiteater - Pipreola arcuata. Seen near Wayqecha and Abra Malaga.

Red-crested Cotinga - Ampelion rubrocristatus. Several individuals on the way up to Soraypampa.

Andean Cock-of-the-Rock - Rupicola peruvianus. 3 seen at San Pedro and Rocotal.

Plum-throated Cotinga – Cotinga maynana. 2 seen at Villa Carmen.

MANAKINS

Yungas Manakin - Chiroxiphia boliviana. A male seen at Cock-of-the-rock Lodge. Range Restricted.

Cerulean-capped Manakin – Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla. A male seen at San Pedro. ENDEMIC.

Fiery-capped Manakin – Machaeropterus pyrocephalus. A male seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

TITYRAS AND ALLIES

Masked Tityra - Tityra semifasciata. Seen at Villa Carmen.

Barred Becard - Pachyramphus versicolor. Seen at Pillahuata.

White-winged Becard-Pachyramphus polychopterus. Seen at Villa Carmen.

VIREOS

Brown-capped Vireo - Vireo leucophrys. Seen in Rocotal and Pillahuata.

Red-eyed Vireo (resident Chivi) - Vireo olivaceus [agilis Group]. Seen in Limatambo área, and on the Manu road.

JAYS

White-collared Jay - Cyanolyca viridicyanus cyanolaema. Seen at Wayqecha. Range Restricted.

Green Jay (Inca) - Cyanocorax yncas yncas [yncas Group]. Seen around San Pedro area.

Violaceous Jay - Cyanocorax violaceous. Seen around Quitacalzon.

Purplish Jay - Cyanocorax cyanomelas. Seen around San Pedro.

SWALLOWS

Blue-and-white Swallow - Pygochelidon cyanoleuca. Common, seen at Malaga pass (east side), and San Pedro area.

Brown-bellied Swallow - Orochelidon murina. Several seen at Abra Malaga and Soray Pampa.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow - Stelgidopteryx ruficollis. Seen near Cock-of-the-rock Lodge and Villa Carmen.

Pale-footed Swallow – Orochelidon flavipes. Seen several around Abra Malaga near Carrizales.

WRENS

House Wren (Southern) - Troglodytes aedon carabayae [musculus Group]. Common, heard and seen at Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo), Malaga pass (east side), Huacarpay lakes, Limatambo, Llaullipata, near Paucartambo town and Wayqecha. Many authors (e.g., Hellmayr 1934, Pinto 1944, Phelps & Phelps 1950a) formerly treated Neotropical mainland populations as a separate species T. musculus; see also Brumfield and Capparella (1996); this treatment was followed by Brewer (2001) and Kroodsma & Brewer (2005). The Falklands population, T. a. cobbi, is treated as a species (Wood 1993), as was done by Brewer (2001), Mazar Barnett & Pearman (2001), Jaramillo (2003), and Kroodsma & Brewer (2005).

Mountain Wren - Troglodytes solstitialis macrourus. Seen several individuals at Malaga pass (east side) San Luis and Manu Road.

Puna Wren - Cistothorus minimus. Seen a pair at Acjanaco. Robbins & Nyri (2014) proposed recognition of nine species within broadly defined platensis, seven of which are in South America: C. alticola, C. aequatorialis, C. graminicola, C. minimus, C. tucumanus, C. hornensis, and C. platensis. They proosed the name Puna Wren for the form we saw. Range Restricted.

Inca Wren - Pheugopedius eisenmanni. 3 individuals seen at Malaga around carrizales (east side) and at ACP San Luis and Belmond Sanctuary Lodge. Pheugopedius: Gr. pheugo= to shun and pous, podos=foot. eisenmanni: In honor of Eugene Eisenmann (1906-1981) ornithologist. ENDEMIC.

Moustached Wren - Pheugopedius genibarbis bolivianus. Seen at Villa Carmen in bamboo forest, common. Range Restricted.

Fulvous Wren - Cinnycerthia fulva. Two indiduals seen at Wayqecha. Range Restricted.

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Andean) - Henicorhina leucophrys leucophrys [Henicorhina leucophrys leucophrys/boliviana]. Seen around Rocotal area and all Manu road very common (1700-1800m).

Chestnut-breasted Wren – Cyphorhinus thoracicus. Heard around Cock of the Rock Lodge.

DIPPERS

White-capped Dipper (White-capped) - Cinclus leucocephalus leucocephalus. One individual seen at Manu road.

THRUSHES AND SOLITAIRES

Andean Solitaire (ralloides) - Myadestes ralloides ralloides. Seen in Manu road, very common (1700-1800m), and Rocotal area.

Swainson's Thrush (Olive-backed) - Catharus ustulatus [swainsoni Group]. Very common in Manu road seen at different lodges.

White-eared Solitaire - Entomodestes leucotis. One seen around mirador on the Manu road.

Black-billed Thrush (Amazonian) - Turdus ignobilis debilis. Very common around Chonctachaca and Villa Carmen.

Great Thrush - Turdus fuscater ockendeni. Very common thrush of the Andes and cloud forest on the Manu road.

Chiguanco Thrush (chiguanco) – Turdus chiguanco conradi [Turdus chiguanco chiguanco/conradi]. Very common bird of drier Andes.

Glossy-black Thrush - Turdus serranus serranus. Seen at Wayqecha and Pillahuata.

PIPITS

Paramo Pipit - Anthus bogotensis immaculatus. One seen at Abra Malaga in flight.

TANAGERS AND ALLIES

Magpie Tanager - Cissopis leverianus. 2 individuals Chontachaca area.

Slaty Tanager - Creurgops dentatus. Seen around mirador San Pedro one individual. Range Restricted.

White-browed Hemispingus - Kleinothraupis auricularis. Seen around tunnels in Manu road, fairly common. ENDEMIC.

Black-eared Hemispingus (Black-eared) - Sphenopsis melanotis berlepschi [melanotis Group]. Seen on the Manu road at Rocotal (1700-1800m).

Rust-and-yellow Tanager - Thlypopsis ruficeps. 3 individuals seen at Pillahuata in mixed flocks. Range Restricted.

Superciliaried Hemispingus (urubambae) - Thlypopsis superciliaris urubambae. Seen at Pillahuata, fairly common in mixed flocks.

Silver-beaked Tanager - Ramphocelus carbo. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge and also in Villa Carmen, common.

Hooded Mountain-Tanager - Buthraupis montana saturata. Seen near Wayqecha.

Grass-green Tanager - Chlorornis riefferii elegans. Seen at first the tunnel near Wayqecha.

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Fire-bellied) - Anisognathus igniventris igniventris. Seen several times at Abra Malaga and on the Manu road.

Yellow-throated Tanager - Iridosornis analis. Seen in Rocotal area, a pair eating fruits.

Golden-collared Tanager - Iridosornis jelskii. Seen at Ajanaco pass and Wayqecha. Konstanty Jelskii (1838-1896) was a Polish explorer and ornithologist and curator of the Lima Museum in Peru 1874-1878. Range Restricted.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Green-mantled) - Pipraeidea bonariensis darwinii. Seen around Bambutio, 2 individuals.

Orange-eared Tanager (Blue-throated) - Chlorochrysa calliparaea fulgentissima. Seen at Cock of the rock lodge.

Blue-gray Tanager - Thraupis episcopus. Common around Chonta Chaca and Villa Carmen. Named for episcopal blue of its plumage.

Palm Tanager - Thraupis palmarum. Another common bird at Villa Carmen.

Blue-capped Tanager - Thraupis cyanocephala. Several times at Abra Malaga and Manu road.

Spotted Tanager - Ixothraupis punctata annectens. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Blue-necked Tanager - Tangara cyanicollis. Several seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Blue-and-black Tanager (Spot-bellied) - Tangara vassorii atrocoerulea. Seen near Wayqecha and Rocotal.

Beryl-spangled Tanager - Tangara nigroviridis. Seen near the Cock of the Rock Lodge.

Paradise Tanager - Tangara chilensis. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge. Not found in Chile!

Saffron-crowned Tanager - Tangara xanthocephala. Seen in the Pillahuata area, and on the Manu road at the Mirador (1700-1800m).

Golden Tanager - Tangara arthus. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Flame-faced Tanager – Tangara parzudakii. Seen at Rocotal, 2 individuals in a mixed flock. Charles Parzudakii was a French traveler and collector in Colombia from 1841-1845.

Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager – Dubusia Castaneoventri.s Two individuals seen at Abra Malaga.

Fawn-breasted Tanager – Pipraeidea melanonota. Seen 4 individuasl at Pillahuata.

Rufous-chested Tanager - Thlypopsis ornate. Seen 2 individuals at Pillahuata in mixed flock.

Swallow Tanager - Tersina viridis. Seen at Chonta Chaca and Villa Carmen.

Blue Dacnis - Dacnis cayana. Seen around Rocotal.

Black-faced Dacnis – Dacnis lineata. 4 individuals seen around Chontachaca and Villa Carmen.

Giant Conebill – Oreomanes fraseri. 1 individual seen at Abra Malaga in Polylepis Forest.

White-browed Conebill - Conirostrum ferrugineiventre. 2 individuals seen at Abra Malaga pass (east side). Range Restricted.

Blue-backed Conebill - Conirostrum sitticolor. Seen near Wayqecha in mixed flocks.

Capped Conebill - Conirostrum albifrons. Seen in Pillahuata area with mixed flocks.

Cinereous Conebill (Cinereous) – Conirostrum cinereum cinereum [Conirostrum cinereum cinereum/littorale]. Common. Seen at Soraypampa and Abra Malaga.

Tit-like Dacnis (parina) - Xenodacnis parina parina. 2 individuals seen at Soraypampa. Range Restricted.

Moustached Flowerpiercer (albilinea) - Diglossa mystacalis albilinea. 2 individuals seen at Malaga pass (east side) and Manu road Ajanacco. Range Restricted.

Black-throated Flowerpiercer - Diglossa brunneiventris. 2 individuals seen at Soraypampa and also at Huambutio.

Rusty Flowerpiercer - Diglossa sittoides. Seen around Soraypampa and Pakaritampu Hotel.

Masked Flowerpiercer - Diglossa cyanea. 2 individuals seen at Wayqecha at hummingbird feeders.

Plushcap - Catamblyrhynchus diadema. 1 individual seen at Abra Malaga.

Peruvian Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus punensis. 4 individuals seen on the way to Soraypampa. Range Restricted.

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch - Geospizopsis unicolor. Seen near Malaga pass and at Soraypampa.

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch - Geospizopsis plebejus. 3 individuals seen at Malaga pass.

Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager (chrysogaster) - Cnemoscopus rubrirostris chrysogaster. Seen near Wayqecha.

Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch - Poospiza caesar. Seen around the Piri bridge in Ollantaytambo. ENDEMIC.

Yellow-bellied Seedeater - Sporophila nigricollis inconspicua. Seen in Limatambo at Andean Spirit Lodge.

Plain-colored Seedeater - Catamenia inornata. 2 individuals seen near Malaga pass.

Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola. Common. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Dull-colored Grassquit - Tiaris obscurus. Seen at Limtambo and very common in Manu road.

Buff-throated Saltator - Saltator maximus. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Golden-billed Saltator - Saltator aurantiirostris. 4 individuals seen on the way up to Soraypampa and on the way to Paucartambo.

Grayish Saltator – Saltator coerulescens. 2 individuals seen around Chontachaca and also more at Villa Carmen.

Blue-black Grossbeak – Cyanocompsa cyanoides. 1 individual seen at Villa Carmen.

Slate-colored Grossbeak – Saltator grossus. 2 individuals seen at Villa Carmen.

Yellow-throated Chlorospingus (Yellow-throated) - Chlorospingus flavigularis flavigularis [Chlorospingus flavigularis flavigularis/marginatus]. Seen below San Pedro area.

Short-billed Chlorospingus - Chlorospingus parvirostris. Seen around Quita Calzon bridge.

Common Chlorospingus (Southern Peru) - Chlorospingus flavopectus peruvianus. Seen on the Manu road at the Mirador (1700-1800m).

NEW WORLD SPARROWS AND ALLIES

Yellow-browed Sparrow - Ammodramus aurifrons. Seen at Cock-of-the-rock Lodge and also common in Villa Carmen.

Rufous-collared Sparrow - Zonotrichia capensis. Very common around Chontachaca and also at Villa Carmen.

Blue-black Grassquit – Volatinia jacarina. Common. Seen Soraypampa, Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo), near Malaga pass, Huacarpay lakes, near Wayqecha, Limatambo and near Acjanaco.

Apurimac Brushfinch - Atlapetes forbesi. 5 individuals seen on the way to Soraypampa. ENDANGERED ENDEMIC.

Black-faced Brushfinch - Atlapetes melanolaemus. Common in humid Montane forest habitat. Range Restricted.

Cuzco Brush-Finch – Atlapetes canigenis. 2 individuals seen at San Luis, Abra Malaga. ENDEMIC.

CARDINALS AND ALLIES

Scarlet Tanager - Piranga olivacea. 1 Seen at Villa Carmen.

Black-backed Grosbeak (Yellow-rumped) – Pheucticus aureoventris terminalis [Pheucticus aureoventris uropygialis/terminalis]. 8 individuals seen at Andean Spirit Lodge at Limatambo, and the Pakaritampu Hotel (Ollantaytambo).

NEW WORLD WARBLERS

Tropical Parula - Setophaga pitiayumi. Seen on the Hermanos Ayar Avenue and on the way to Mandor.

Blackburnian Warbler - Setophaga fusca. Seen at Pillahuata and at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge.

Yungas Warbler - Basileuterus puntipectus. Seen in the Rocotal area. Considered a distinct species from Three-striped Warbler in non-monophyly and deep genetic differentiation across low-elevation barriers in a Neotropical montane bird (Basileuterus tristriatus; Aves: Parulidae). If so it is restricted to SE Peru and Northern Bolivia. Range Restricted.

Citrine Warbler (Peruvian) - Myiothlypis luteoviridis striaticeps. Seen at Wayqecha.

Pale-legged Warbler - Myiothlypis signata. Seen above Paucartambo, 6 birds. Range Restricted.

Two-banded Warbler (Two-banded) - Myiothlypis bivittata bivittata [Myiothlypis bivittata bivittata/argentinae]. Seen at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge and Puente Quita Calzones.

Cusco Warbler - Myiothlypis chrysogaster. Seen at Sapan Sachayuc Trail and also Villa Carmen. ENDEMIC.

Russet-crowned Warbler - Myiothlypis coronata. Seen in Aguas Calientes on the way to Mandor.

Canada Warbler - Cardellina Canadensis. Seen at Pillahuata.

Slate-throated Redstart - Myioborus miniatus. Seen 3 individuals around rocotal Manu road (1700-1800m).

Spectacled Redstart - Myioborus melanocephalus. Seen Several times near Wayqecha.

BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES, OROPENDOLAS AND ALLIES

Russet-backed Oropendola (Russet-backed) - Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi [angustifrons Group]. Seen at Chontachaca and Villa Carmen, very common.

Dusky-green Oropendola - Psarocolius atrovirens. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge, Manú Cloud Forest Lodge (1500-1700m), and Rocotal area. Range Restricted.

Crested Oropendola – Psarocolius decumanus maculosus. One seen at Villa Carmen.

Orange-backed Troupial- Icterus croconotus. Seen at Villa Carmen, 2 individuals.

Southern Mountain Cacique – Cacicus chrysonotus. Seen at Pillahuata on the Manu road.

Yellow-rumped Cacique – Cacicus cela. Common in Amazon rainforest at Villa Carmen.

Solitary Black Cacique – Cacicus solitarius. One Seen at Villa Carmen.

FINCHES, EUPHONIAS, AND ALLIES

Blue-naped Chlorophonia - Chlorophonia cyanea. Seen in the Rocotal area.

Orange-bellied Euphonia - Euphonia xanthogaster brunneifrons. Seen in the San Pedro area.

Golden-bellied Euphonia – Euphonia chrysopazta. Seen at Villa Carmen, a pair.

Rufous-bellied Euphonia – Euphonia rufiventris. 2 seen at Villa Carmen near the bungaloes.

White-vented Euphonia – Euphonia minuta, 1 seen at Villa Carmen.

Hooded Siskin - Spinus magellanicus. Very common bird of the Andes.

Olivaceous Siskin - Spinus olivaceus. 2 individuals seen in the Rocotal area.

Thick-billed Siskin – Euphonia laniirostris. 4 individuals seen at Abra Malaga in Polylepis forest.