Birding Eastern Venezuela and Henri Pittier National Park - 5th - 19th November 2005

Published by Peter Nash (peterdnash AT

Participants: Peter Nash, Glenn Hickson, Roger Stanfield


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

White-tailed Trogon
White-tailed Trogon
Blue-cheeked Parrot
Blue-cheeked Parrot
Russet-backed Oropendola
Russet-backed Oropendola

A Trip Report by Peter Nash

We asked Tropical Birding to put together a trip to see some of the special birds of the region. Jose Illanes and Nick Athanas helped us in the planning stages and David Ascanio of Birding in Venezuela provided our ground arrangements including all transport and accommodation.

Jose is an exceptionally gifted guide and most people who use him would want to use him again. As is usual none of us saw all the birds but Jose made sure we all saw most of them.

We all used the recommended anti-malarials and took the usual precautions regarding food and water. However we all suffered at some time with diarrhea.
Insects were a constant problem and various ants and wasps stung all of us.
Biting insects and ticks and chiggers were encountered on an almost a daily basis. Repellents containing DEET worked to some extent but any ticks and chiggers that took hold had to be dealt with at every opportunity.

Map references
Some of the places we visited are hard to locate on maps so I have copied some details from MS Encarta.
Rancho Grande, 10deg 22min North, 67deg 41min West
Araya Peninsula, 10deg 37min N, 63deg 51min W
El Palmar, 08deg 02min N, 61deg 54min W
Las Claritas, 06deg 07min N, 61deg 23min W

Because we wanted to maximize the potential of our stay Tropical Birding really crammed in as much as possible.

Pre-dawn starts and after dark return to our hotels were the norm, and we had some long drives between sites.

We had rain (rarely heavy or prolonged) every day except the 9th. Temperatures in the lowlands were around 35C and just a little cooler higher up.


5 November (Saturday)
We flew with Air France from Manchester and Heathrow via Paris and arrived in Caracas-Maiquetia International Airport on time at 1530 local time. Jose and our driver Carlos met us at the airport and transferred to the Best Western Hotel Puerto Viejo near the airport in the town of Catia la Mar. Stopping to bird at some coastal lagoons on the way there we saw White-cheeked Pintail, Blue-winged Teal, American Flamingo, Scarlet Ibis and Roseate Spoonbill, Black-crowned and Striated Heron, Black-necked Stilt, Black Skimmer etc.

At the harbor and on buoys next to the hotel we saw Brown Pelican, Brown Booby, Magnificent Frigatebird, Laughing Gulls and waders etc.

6 November (Sunday)
An early start for the 2.5 hours drive to Henri Pittier NP. This national park is one of the most important in Venezuela as it protects a huge 100,000 ha section of the coastal mountain range and surrounding areas. We headed straight for the Rancho Grande research station and birded the trails. Rancho Grande was originally to be a holiday palace for one of Venezuela’s dictators, but he was deposed and it was never finished. Now it is a massive multi-level dilapidated concrete structure that has been converted to research facilities. There are a couple of feeders and forest trails, and the upper level functions as a canopy platform. Some of the birds we saw included Red-eared Parakeet, Groove-billed Toucanet, White-tipped Swift, Crested Spinetail, Gray-throated Leaftosser, Short-tailed Antthrush, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Lilac-tailed Parrotlet, Strong-billed Woodcreeper, Rufous-lored Tyrannulet, Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Smoke-coloured Pewee, Golden-crowned Flycatcher, Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo, Brown-capped Vireo, Whiskered Wren, Scaly-breasted Wren, White-shouldered Tanager and Russet-backed Oropendola. In the evening return to Maracay and stay at Hotel Byblos.

7 November (Monday)
Two narrow, winding roads that can be excellent birding during weekdays when the traffic is light traverse Henri Pittier NP. Birded the road to Choroní, which passes through excellent mid-elevation forest up to about 1500m. Some of the birds we saw included Band-tailed Guan and White-tipped Quetzal near Rancho Grande, and Schwartz’s Antthrush and Scallop-breasted Antpitta near the radio masts along with Black-and-White Hawk-Eagle, Golden-breasted and Handsome Fruiteater, Guttulated and Montane Foliage-Gleaner, Montane Woodcreeper, Slaty Antwren, Pale-edged Flycatcher, Wing-barred Piprites, Black-and-white and Chestnut-crowned Becard, Golden-headed Manakin, Inca Jay, Whiskered Wren, Andean Soliraire, Glossy-black, Black-hooded, Cocoa and Bare-eyed Thrush, Black-and-White Warbler, Three-striped Warbler, Guira Tanager, Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Thick-billed Euphonia, Burnished-buff and Turquoise Tanager and Lesser Goldfinch. Also birded the first section of the road to Ocumare. Return to Hotel Byblos for the night.

8 November (Tuesday)
The road to Ocumare (the one that passes Rancho Grande) offers some drier forest birding on the north side of the mountain. We saw Rufous-vented Chachalaca, Black-backed Antshrike, Lance-tailed Manakin, Venezuelan Flycatcher, Flavescent Warbler, as well as many other more common birds. After lunch, we returned to the Hotel Puerto Viejo near Caracas for the night. On the way we stopped at Pico Codazi near Colonia Tovar where we saw Black-throated Spinetail, Caracas Tapaculo and Plushcap.

9 November (Wednesday)
After a slightly delayed flight from Caracas to the coastal city of Carúpano (arriving at around 1030), we had a few hours to bird the arid Araya Peninsula. Our primary target was the endangered Yellow-shouldered Parrot, but we also saw other interesting species like Buffy Hummingbird, Glaucous Tanager, Vermilion Cardinal, and Two-banded Puffbird. Some nearby lagoons held numerous waterbirds such as Scarlet Ibis, Caribbean Flamingo, Reddish Egret, Tricoloured Heron and lots of waders. In the afternoon we drove for a few hours to the town of Caripe. We visited the Oilbird cave near dusk, where we watched the amazing spectacle of thousands of Oilbirds pouring out of the caves. Night in Hotel Pueblo Pequeño.

10 November (Thursday)
Today we hiked up Cerro Negro in search of some of the rare endemics of the region. The trail first passes through overgrown coffee plantations before finally entering lush cloudforest higher up. The coffee plantations are good for White-tailed Sabrewing, Venezuelan Sylph, Venezuelan Troupial and Bicolored Wren. Farther up the mountain the track disappears and the going gets very rough. We found a Gray-headed Warbler, White-throated Barbtail, Mountain Elenia, Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant, Yellow-olive Flatbill and Golden-sided Euphonia up there. Heavy rain made the decent even more treacherous. In the afternoon called in at the Oilbird cave again and then drove for a few hours to the city of Maturin, a bustling oil-town. Night in hotel Maturin International.

11 November (Friday)
We had hoped to visit Caño Colorado, but our 16 seat rear wheel drive transport proved inadequate for the job. Heavy rain meant the track was turned into a muddy quagmire passable only by 4 wheel drive. This was disappointing and we missed some good birding here. We had to be content with birding a couple of Kms down the track to Caño, close to a forested area. We managed to find Slender-billed Kite, Plain-breasted Ground-Dove, Blue and Yellow Macaw, Striped Cuckoo, Little Hermit, Black-spotted Piculet and Lesser Seed-Finch here.

Later in the morning we started the long drive south. A stop in the Llanos produced Azure Gallinule, Black-bellied and Fulvous Whistling Duck, Limpkin, Ruby-Topaz Hummingbird, White-tailed Goldenthroat, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Ringed and Amazon Kingfisher. After crossing the Rio Orinoco at Puerto Ordaz we arrived at the very basic Parador Taguapire at El Palmar.

12-13 November
The forests of Río Grande have become world famous over the past decade due to “staked-out” Harpy Eagle nests. But the hype is better than the facts here and the two “local rangers” we were provided with turned out to be worse than useless and the Harpy viewing part of the trip seemed stage-managed. Although we had paid good money for their services Jose managed to find the Harpy Eagle perfectly well without any assistance from the “rangers”.

Some of the birds here included, Pearl Kite, Double-toothed Kite, Crane Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Black-collared Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Zone-tailed Hawk, Yellow-headed Caracara, Laughing Falcon, Bat Falcon, Crested Bobwhite, Southern Lapwing, Painted Parakeet, Dusky Parrot, Great Potoo, Band-rumped Swift, Eastern Long-tailed Hermit, Grey-breasted Sabrewing, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, White-chinned Sapphire, White-tailed and Violaceous Trogon, Paradise Jacamar, Black-spotted Barbet, Black-necked Aracari, Channel-billed and White-throated Toucan, Crimson-crested Woodpecker, Plain-crowned Spinetail, Great Antshrike, Northern-slaty Antshrike, Dusky-throated Antshrike, McConnell’s Flycatcher, Greyish Mourner, Rusty-margined, Piratic and Varigated Flycatcher, Pink-throated Becard, Black-tailed Tityra, Purple-breasted Cotinga, Purple-throated Fruitcrow, Cayenne Jay, Fulvous Shrike-Tanager, White-lored Euphonia, Bay-headed Tanager, Grey Seedeater, Eastern Meadowlark, Red-breasted Blackbird, Red and Yellow-rumped Casiques, and Green Oropendola. Nights Parador Taguapire.

14 November (Monday)
A clear up visit to the forest provided Great Jacamar and Spotted Antpitta amongst others. Later we drove south to Las Claritas. For some reason our planned stay at the Barquilla de Fresa (which is said to have very good feeders) was changed to a simple lodge called Campamento Anaconda right in the middle of the town. We had been told that we could pay to visit the feeders but in the event despite pleas from Jose we weren’t allowed in. We missed some hoped for photo opportunities as a result.

15-16-17-18 November
South of Las Claritas lies La Escalera, a long paved road gradually winding through the forested slopes of the Sierra de Lema, one of the many tepuis in the southern part of Venezuela. There are many species here found only in these mountains and adjacent Guyana.

The Bellbirds were not calling but we had a lucky sighting of a Bearded Bellbird perched high on an exposed branch.

Not far from our hotel a lowland forest trail heads towards the Guyanan border. We spent part of Wednesday on this trail.

The Capuchinbird trail is just outside the town of Las Claritas and is now a well used gold miners and loggers track. We only saw the birds at their lek along this road.
A couple of hours south of Las Claritas lies the Gran Sabana, a high plateau covered with scrub and dry vegetation..

Some of the birds seen during our stay included, King Vulture, Grey-bellied and White Hawk, Black Curassow, Marail Guan, Scaled Pigeon, Tepui Parrotlet, Blue-cheeked Parrot, Roraiman Screech-Owl, Tepui Goldenthroat, Black-eared Fairy, Crimson Topaz, White-necked Puffbird, Chestnut-tipped Toucanet, Spot-breasted Woodpecker, McConnell’s Spinetail, Crested Spinetail, White-throated Foliage-Gleaner, Buff-throated Woodcreeper, Todd’s Antwren, Roraiman Antwren, White-browed Antbird, Tepui Antpitta, Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher, Bright-rumped Atilla, Flutist Wren, GuianianCock-of-the-rock, Black-faced Tanager, Blue-backed Tanager, Olive-backed Tanager, Paradise Tanager, Ruddy-breasted Seedeater and Yellow-browed Sparrow.
Nights at Campamento Anaconda

19 November (Saturday)
Drive back to the city of Puerto Ordaz where we visited Cachamai Park. Highlights here included, Cocoi Heron, Black-collared Swallow and Red-capped Cardinal.
We then flew back to Caracas and connected with our 1830 flight to Manchester.

US$3690 per person (approx £1910) each.
Air France, UK to Caracas £510
Price included
Accommodation as outlined in the itinerary.
Three meals per full day starting with breakfast on 6 November and ending with dinner on 19th.
Bottled water at all times
All ground transport and airport transfers in van with local driver
Tropical Birding guide throughout (José).
Flight Caracas-Carupano
Flight Puerto Ordaz-Caracas
Park fees

Species Lists

Pied-billed Grebe [sp] (Podilymbus podiceps)
Brown Pelican [sp] (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Brown Booby [sp] (Sula leucogaster)
Neotropic Cormorant [sp] (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Anhinga [sp] (Anhinga anhinga)
Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)
Capped Heron (Pilherodius pileatus)
Cocoi Heron (Ardea cocoi)
Great Egret [sp] (Ardea alba)
Reddish Egret [sp] (Egretta rufescens)
Tricoloured Heron [sp] (Egretta tricolor)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Snowy Egret [sp] (Egretta thula)
Cattle Egret [sp] (Bubulcus ibis)
Striated Heron [sp] (Butorides striata)
Black-crowned Night Heron [sp] (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Rufescent Tiger-heron [sp] (Tigrisoma lineatum)
Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber)
Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja)
Caribbean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
Fulvous Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)
Black-bellied Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
White-cheeked Pintail [sp] (Anas bahamensis)
Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
Black Vulture [sp] (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture [sp] (Cathartes aura)
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture (Cathartes melambrotus)
King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa)
Osprey [sp] (Pandion haliaetus)
Swallow-tailed Kite [sp] (Elanoides forficatus)
Pearl Kite [sp] (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
White-tailed Kite [sp] (Elanus leucurus)
Slender-billed Kite (Rostrhamus hamatus)
Double-toothed Kite [sp] (Harpagus bidentatus)
Crane Hawk [sp] (Geranospiza caerulescens)
White Hawk [sp] (Leucopternis albicollis)
Great Black-hawk [sp] (Buteogallus urubitinga)
Savanna Hawk (Buteogallus meridionalis)
Black-collared Hawk [sp] (Busarellus nigricollis)
Grey Hawk [sp] (Asturina nitida)
Roadside Hawk [sp] (Buteo magnirostris)
Broad-winged Hawk [sp] (Buteo platypterus)
Short-tailed Hawk [sp] (Buteo brachyurus)
White-tailed Hawk [sp] (Buteo albicaudatus)
Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonotatus)
Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja)
Black-and-white Hawk-eagle (Spizastur melanoleucus)
Red-throated Caracara (Ibycter americanus)
Crested Caracara [sp] (Caracara cheriway)
Yellow-headed Caracara [sp] (Milvago chimachima)
Laughing Falcon [sp] (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
American Kestrel [sp] (Falco sparverius)
Aplomado Falcon [sp] (Falco femoralis)
Bat Falcon [sp] (Falco rufigularis)
Rufous-vented Chachalaca [sp] (Ortalis ruficauda)
Band-tailed Guan [sp] (Penelope argyrotis)
Marail Guan [sp] (Penelope marail)
Spix's Guan [sp] (Penelope jacquacu)
Black Curassow [sp] (Crax alector)
Crested Bobwhite (Colinus cristatus)
Limpkin [sp] (Aramus guarauna)
American Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica)
Azure Gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris)
Common Moorhen [sp] (Gallinula chloropus)
Wattled Jacana [sp] (Jacana jacana)
Black-necked Stilt [sp] (Himantopus mexicanus)
Southern Lapwing [sp] (Vanellus chilensis)
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)
Wilson's Plover [sp] (Charadrius wilsonia)
Short-billed Dowitcher [sp] (Limnodromus griseus)
Whimbrel [sp] (Numenius phaeopus)
Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
Solitary Sandpiper [sp] (Tringa solitaria)
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
Willet [sp] (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)
Ruddy Turnstone [sp] (Arenaria interpres)
Sanderling (Calidris alba)
Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri)
Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)
White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)
Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)
Laughing Gull [sp] (Larus atricilla)
Sandwich Tern [sp] (Sterna sandvicensis)
Royal Tern [sp] (Sterna maxima)
Common Tern [sp] (Sterna hirundo)
Large-billed Tern [sp] (Phaetusa simplex)
Black Skimmer [sp] (Rynchops niger)
Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa)
Plumbeous Pigeon [sp] (Patagioenas plumbea)
Ruddy Pigeon [sp] (Patagioenas subvinacea)
Common Ground-dove [sp] (Columbina passerina)
Plain-breasted Ground-dove [sp] (Columbina minuta)
Ruddy Ground-dove [sp] (Columbina talpacoti)
Scaled Dove [sp] (Columbina squammata)
White-tipped Dove [sp] (Leptotila verreauxi)
Blue-and-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna)
Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severa)
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet [sp] (Aratinga wagleri)
White-eyed Parakeet [sp] (Aratinga leucophthalmus)
Brown-throated Parakeet [sp] (Aratinga pertinax)
Painted Parakeet [sp] (Pyrrhura picta)
Fiery-shouldered Parakeet [sp] (Pyrrhura egregia)
Red-eared Parakeet [sp] (Pyrrhura hoematotis)
Green-rumped Parrotlet [sp] (Forpus passerinus)
Orange-chinned Parakeet [sp] (Brotogeris jugularis)
Golden-winged Parakeet [sp] (Brotogeris chrysopterus)
Tepui Parrotlet (Nannopsittaca panychlora)
Lilac-tailed Parrotlet (Touit batavica)
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (Touit huetii)
Black-headed Parrot [sp] (Pionites melanocephala)
Caica Parrot (Pionopsitta caica)
Blue-headed Parrot [sp] (Pionus menstruus)
Red-billed Parrot [sp] (Pionus sordidus)
Dusky Parrot (Pionus fuscus)
Blue-cheeked Parrot (Amazona dufresniana)
Yellow-shouldered Parrot (Amazona barbadensis)
Yellow-crowned Parrot [sp] (Amazona ochrocephala)
Orange-winged Parrot [sp] (Amazona amazonica)
Mealy Parrot [sp] (Amazona farinosa)
Squirrel Cuckoo [sp] (Piaya cayana)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Striped Cuckoo [sp] (Tapera naevia)
Roraima Screech-owl (Megascops roraimae)
Spectacled Owl [sp] (Pulsatrix perspicillata)
Ferruginous Pygmy-owl [sp] (Glaucidium brasilianum)
Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis)
Great Potoo (Nyctibius grandis)
Short-tailed Nighthawk [sp] (Lurocalis semitorquatus)
Band-tailed Nighthawk [sp] (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)
Pauraque [sp] (Nyctidromus albicollis)
Band-winged Nightjar [sp] (Caprimulgus longirostris)
Chestnut-collared Swift [sp] (Streptoprocne rutila)
White-collared Swift [sp] (Streptoprocne zonaris)
Band-rumped Swift [sp] (Chaetura spinicaudus)
Grey-rumped Swift [sp] (Chaetura cinereiventris)
Vaux's Swift [sp] (Chaetura vauxi)
Chapman's Swift [sp] (Chaetura chapmani)
White-tipped Swift [sp] (Aeronautes montivagus)
Fork-tailed Palm-swift [sp] (Tachornis squamata)
Rufous-breasted Hermit [sp] (Glaucis hirsuta)
Green Hermit [sp] (Phaethornis guy)
Eastern Long-tailed Hermit [sp] (Phaethornis superciliosus)
Sooty-capped Hermit [sp] (Phaethornis augusti)
Little Hermit (Phaethornis longuemareus)
Reddish Hermit [sp] (Phaethornis ruber)
Stripe-throated Hermit [sp] (Phaethornis striigularis)
Grey-breasted Sabrewing [sp] (Campylopterus largipennis)
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing (Campylopterus hyperythrus)
White-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus ensipennis)
White-necked Jacobin [sp] (Florisuga mellivora)
Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae)
Green Violet-ear [sp] (Colibri thalassinus)
Crimson Topaz [sp] (Topaza pella)
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus)
Peacock Coquette [sp] (Lophornis pavoninus)
Blue-tailed Emerald [sp] (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
Green-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon alice)
Fork-tailed Woodnymph [sp] (Thalurania furcata)
Rufous-throated Sapphire (Hylocharis sapphirina)
White-chinned Sapphire [sp] (Hylocharis cyanus)
Golden-tailed Sapphire [sp] (Chrysuronia oenone)
White-tailed Goldenthroat [sp] (Polytmus guainumbi)
Tepui Goldenthroat (Polytmus milleri)
Versicoloured Emerald [sp] (Agyrtria versicolor)
White-chested Emerald [sp] (Agyrtria brevirostris)
Glittering-throated Emerald [sp] (Polyerata fimbriata)
Copper-rumped Hummingbird [sp] (Saucerottia tobaci)
White-vented Plumeleteer [sp] (Chalybura buffonii)
Speckled Hummingbird [sp] (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Violet-fronted Brilliant [sp] (Heliodoxa leadbeateri)
Velvet-browed Brilliant (Heliodoxa xanthogonys)
Bronzy Inca [sp] (Coeligena coeligena)
Long-tailed Sylph [sp] (Aglaiocercus kingi)
Venezuelan Sylph (Aglaiocercus berlepschi)
Black-eared Fairy [sp] (Heliothryx aurita)
Long-billed Starthroat [sp] (Heliomaster longirostris)
Amethyst Woodstar (Calliphlox amethystina)
Rufous-shafted Woodstar [sp] (Chaetocercus jourdanii)
White-tailed Trogon [sp] (Trogon viridis)
Violaceous Trogon [sp] (Trogon violaceus)
Collared Trogon [sp] (Trogon collaris)
Black-throated Trogon [sp] (Trogon rufus)
Black-tailed Trogon [sp] (Trogon melanurus)
White-tipped Quetzal [sp] (Pharomachrus fulgidus)
Ringed Kingfisher [sp] (Ceryle torquatus)
Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)
Blue-crowned Motmot [sp] (Momotus momota)
Brown Jacamar [sp] (Brachygalba lugubris)
Rufous-tailed Jacamar [sp] (Galbula ruficauda)
Green-tailed Jacamar (Galbula galbula)
Paradise Jacamar [sp] (Galbula dea)
Great Jacamar [sp] (Jacamerops aureus)
White-necked Puffbird [sp] (Notharchus macrorhynchos)
Two-banded Puffbird [sp] (Hypnelus bicinctus)
Black Nunbird (Monasa atra)
Swallow-wing [sp] (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)
Black-spotted Barbet [sp] (Capito niger)
Groove-billed Toucanet [sp] (Aulacorhynchus sulcatus)
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet [sp] (Aulacorhynchus derbianus)
Green Aracari [sp] (Pteroglossus viridis)
Black-necked Aracari [sp] (Pteroglossus aracari)
Channel-billed Toucan [sp] (Ramphastos vitellinus)
White-throated Toucan [sp] (Ramphastos tucanus)
Golden-spangled Piculet [sp] (Picumnus exilis)
Black-spotted Piculet (Picumnus nigropunctatus)
Scaled Piculet [sp] (Picumnus squamulatus)
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker (Melanerpes cruentatus)
Red-crowned Woodpecker [sp] (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
Smoky-brown Woodpecker [sp] (Veniliornis fumigatus)
Little Woodpecker [sp] (Veniliornis passerinus)
Red-rumped Woodpecker [sp] (Veniliornis kirkii)
Golden-olive Woodpecker [sp] (Piculus rubiginosus)
Waved Woodpecker [sp] (Celeus undatus)
Lineated Woodpecker [sp] (Dryocopus lineatus)
Red-necked Woodpecker [sp] (Campephilus rubricollis)
Crimson-crested Woodpecker [sp] (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Black-throated Spinetail (Synallaxis castanea)
Pale-breasted Spinetail [sp] (Synallaxis albescens)
MacConnell's Spinetail (Synallaxis macconnelli)
Plain-crowned Spinetail [sp] (Synallaxis gujanensis)
Stripe-breasted Spinetail [sp] (Synallaxis cinnamomea)
Tepui Spinetail (Cranioleuca demissa)
Crested Spinetail [sp] (Cranioleuca subcristata)
Yellow-chinned Spinetail [sp] (Certhiaxis cinnamomea)
Common Thornbird [sp] (Phacellodomus rufifrons)
White-throated Barbtail [sp] (Premnoplex tatei)
Plain Xenops [sp] (Xenops minutus)
Montane Foliage-gleaner [sp] (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
Guttulated Foliage-gleaner [sp] (Syndactyla guttulata)
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner [sp] (Philydor rufus)
White-throated Foliage-gleaner [sp] (Automolus roraimae)
Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner [sp] (Automolus infuscatus)
Grey-throated Leaftosser [sp] (Sclerurus albigularis)
Olivaceous Woodcreeper [sp] (Sittasomus griseicapillus)
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper [sp] (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
Strong-billed Woodcreeper [sp] (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
Buff-throated Woodcreeper [sp] (Xiphorhynchus guttatus)
Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper [sp] (Xiphorhynchus pardalotus)
Cocoa Woodcreeper [sp] (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
Straight-billed Woodcreeper [sp] (Dendroplex picus)
Streak-headed Woodcreeper [sp] (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
Montane Woodcreeper [sp] (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
Curve-billed Scythebill [sp] (Campylorhamphus procurvoides)
Black-throated Antshrike (Frederickena viridis)
Great Antshrike [sp] (Taraba major)
Black-crested Antshrike [sp] (Sakesphorus canadensis)
Black-backed Antshrike (Sakesphorus melanonotus)
Barred Antshrike [sp] (Thamnophilus doliatus)
Mouse-coloured Antshrike [sp] (Thamnophilus murinus)
Northern Slaty-antshrike [sp] (Thamnophilus punctatus)
Streak-backed Antshrike [sp] (Thamnophilus insignis)
Dusky-throated Antshrike [sp] (Thamnomanes ardesiacus)
Cinereous Antshrike [sp] (Thamnomanes caesius)
Rufous-bellied Antwren (Myrmotherula guttata)
Brown-bellied Antwren (Myrmotherula gutturalis)
Slaty Antwren [sp] (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
Long-winged Antwren [sp] (Myrmotherula longipennis)
Plain-winged Antwren [sp] (Myrmotherula behni)
Grey Antwren [sp] (Myrmotherula menetriesii)
Spot-tailed Antwren (Herpsilochmus sticturus)
Todd's Antwren (Herpsilochmus stictocephalus)
Roraiman Antwren (Herpsilochmus roraimae)
Rufous-winged Antwren [sp] (Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus)
White-fringed Antwren [sp] (Formicivora grisea)
Ash-winged Antwren [sp] (Terenura spodioptila)
Grey Antbird [sp] (Cercomacra cinerascens)
Dusky Antbird [sp] (Cercomacra tyrannina)
White-browed Antbird [sp] (Myrmoborus leucophrys)
Warbling Antbird [sp] (Hypocnemis cantator)
Ferruginous-backed Antbird [sp] (Myrmeciza ferruginea)
Black-throated Antbird [sp] (Myrmeciza atrothorax)
White-plumed Antbird [sp] (Pithys albifrons)
Rufous-throated Antbird [sp] (Gymnopithys rufigula)
Wing-banded Antbird [sp] (Myrmornis torquata)
Scale-backed Antbird [sp] (Hylophylax poecilonotus)
Short-tailed Antthrush [sp] (Chamaeza campanisona)
Schwartz's Antthrush [sp] (Chamaeza turdina)
Variegated Antpitta [sp] (Grallaria varia)
Spotted Antpitta [sp] (Hylopezus macularius)
Thrush-like Antpitta [sp] (Myrmothera campanisona)
Tepui Antpitta [sp] (Myrmothera simplex)
Scallop-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula loricata)
Caracas Tapaculo (Scytalopus caracae)
Golden-breasted Fruiteater [sp] (Pipreola aureopectus)
Handsome Fruiteater [sp] (Pipreola formosa)
Red-banded Fruiteater [sp] (Pipreola whitelyi)
Screaming Piha (Lipaugus vociferans)
Rose-collared Piha (Lipaugus streptophorus)
Purple-breasted Cotinga (Cotinga cotinga)
Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata)
Capuchinbird (Perissocephalus tricolor)
Bearded Bellbird [sp] (Procnias averano)
Guianan Cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola rupicola)
Olive Manakin [sp] (Chloropipo uniformis)
White-throated Manakin (Corapipo gutturalis)
Lance-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)
White-crowned Manakin [sp] (Dixiphia pipra)
Golden-headed Manakin [sp] (Pipra erythrocephala)
Scarlet-horned Manakin (Pipra cornuta)
Tepui Manakin (Lepidothrix suavissima)
Wing-barred Piprites [sp] (Piprites chloris)
White-lored Tyrannulet (Ornithion inerme)
Brown-capped Tyrannulet (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
Southern Beardless-tyrannulet [sp] (Camptostoma obsoletum)
Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet [sp] (Phaeomyias murina)
Yellow Tyrannulet [sp] (Capsiempis flaveola)
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus)
Forest Elaenia [sp] (Myiopagis gaimardii)
Yellow-bellied Elaenia [sp] (Elaenia flavogaster)
Plain-crested Elaenia [sp] (Elaenia cristata)
Mountain Elaenia [sp] (Elaenia frantzii)
Sierran Elaenia [sp] (Elaenia pallatangae)
MacConnell's Flycatcher (Mionectes macconnelli)
Sepia-capped Flycatcher [sp] (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
Slaty-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon superciliaris)
Marble-faced Bristle-tyrant [sp] (Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus)
Black-fronted Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes nigrifrons)
Rufous-lored Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes flaviventris)
Rough-legged Tyrannulet [sp] (Phyllomyias burmeisteri)
Venezuelan Tyrannulet [sp] (Zimmerius improbus)
Northern Scrub-flycatcher [sp] (Sublegatus arenarum)
White-throated Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
Bearded Tachuri [sp] (Polystictus pectoralis)
Scale-crested Pygmy-tyrant [sp] (Lophotriccus pileatus)
Helmeted Pygmy-tyrant (Lophotriccus galeatus)
Pale-eyed Pygmy-tyrant [sp] (Atalotriccus pilaris)
Ruddy Tody-flycatcher (Poecilotriccus russatus)
Slate-headed Tody-flycatcher [sp] (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
Common Tody-flycatcher [sp] (Todirostrum cinereum)
Olivaceous Flatbill [sp] (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)
Yellow-olive Flycatcher [sp] (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
Yellow-margined Flycatcher [sp] (Tolmomyias assimilis)
White-throated Spadebill [sp] (Platyrinchus mystaceus)
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher [sp] (Terenotriccus erythrurus)
Whiskered Flycatcher [sp] (Myiobius barbatus)
Cinnamon Flycatcher [sp] (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus)
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus borealis)
Smoke-coloured Pewee [sp] (Contopus fumigatus)
Tropical Pewee [sp] (Contopus cinereus)
Pied Water-tyrant (Fluvicola pica)
White-headed Marsh-tyrant (Arundinicola leucocephala)
Long-tailed Tyrant [sp] (Colonia colonus)
Bright-rumped Attila [sp] (Attila spadiceus)
Greyish Mourner [sp] (Rhytipterna simplex)
Dusky-capped Flycatcher [sp] (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Venezuelan Flycatcher (Myiarchus venezuelensis)
Pale-edged Flycatcher [sp] (Myiarchus cephalotes)
Brown-crested Flycatcher [sp] (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
Lesser Kiskadee [sp] (Philohydor lictor)
Great Kiskadee [sp] (Pitangus sulphuratus)
Boat-billed Flycatcher [sp] (Megarynchus pitangua)
Rusty-margined Flycatcher [sp] (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
Social Flycatcher [sp] (Myiozetetes similis)
Golden-crowned Flycatcher [sp] (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
Piratic Flycatcher [sp] (Legatus leucophaius)
Variegated Flycatcher [sp] (Empidonomus varius)
Tropical Kingbird [sp] (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Fork-tailed Flycatcher [sp] (Tyrannus savana)
Chestnut-crowned Becard [sp] (Pachyramphus castaneus)
Black-and-white Becard [sp] (Pachyramphus albogriseus)
Black-capped Becard [sp] (Pachyramphus marginatus)
Pink-throated Becard (Pachyramphus minor)
Black-tailed Tityra [sp] (Tityra cayana)
Brown-chested Martin [sp] (Progne tapera)
Grey-breasted Martin [sp] (Progne chalybea)
White-winged Swallow (Tachycineta albiventer)
Blue-and-white Swallow [sp] (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
White-banded Swallow (Atticora fasciata)
Black-collared Swallow (Atticora melanoleuca)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow [sp] (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Barn Swallow [sp] (Hirundo rustica)
Bicoloured Wren [sp] (Campylorhynchus griseus)
Stripe-backed Wren [sp] (Campylorhynchus nuchalis)
Whiskered Wren [sp] (Thryothorus mystacalis)
Coraya Wren [sp] (Thryothorus coraya)
Rufous-breasted Wren [sp] (Thryothorus rutilus)
Rufous-and-white Wren [sp] (Thryothorus rufalbus)
Buff-breasted Wren [sp] (Thryothorus leucotis)
House Wren [sp] (Troglodytes aedon)
White-breasted Wood-wren [sp] (Henicorhina leucosticta)
Grey-breasted Wood-wren [sp] (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Scaly-breasted Wren [sp] (Microcerculus marginatus)
Flutist Wren [sp] (Microcerculus ustulatus)
Musician Wren [sp] (Cyphorhinus aradus)
Tropical Mockingbird [sp] (Mimus gilvus)
Andean Solitaire [sp] (Myadestes ralloides)
Rufous-brown Solitaire [sp] (Cichlopsis leucogenys)
Swainson's Thrush [sp] (Catharus ustulatus)
Glossy-black Thrush [sp] (Turdus serranus)
Black-hooded Thrush [sp] (Turdus olivater)
Pale-breasted Thrush [sp] (Turdus leucomelas)
Cocoa Thrush [sp] (Turdus fumigatus)
Bare-eyed Robin [sp] (Turdus nudigenis)
White-necked Thrush [sp] (Turdus albicollis)
Long-billed Gnatwren [sp] (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
Tropical Gnatcatcher [sp] (Polioptila plumbea)
Green Jay [sp] (Cyanocorax yncas)
Cayenne Jay (Cyanocorax cayanus)
Brown-capped Vireo [sp] (Vireo leucophrys)
Red-eyed Vireo [sp] (Vireo olivaceus)
Tepui Greenlet (Hylophilus sclateri)
Buff-cheeked Greenlet [sp] (Hylophilus muscicapinus)
Scrub Greenlet [sp] (Hylophilus flavipes)
Golden-fronted Greenlet [sp] (Hylophilus aurantiifrons)
Slaty-capped Shrike-vireo [sp] (Vireolanius leucotis)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike [sp] (Cyclarhis gujanensis)
Lesser Goldfinch [sp] (Carduelis psaltria)
Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)
Tropical Parula [sp] (Parula pitiayumi)
Yellow Warbler [sp] (Dendroica petechia)
Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata)
Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
Slate-throated Redstart [sp] (Myioborus miniatus)
Tepui Redstart [sp] (Myioborus castaneocapillus)
Two-banded Warbler [sp] (Basileuterus bivittatus)
Grey-headed Warbler (Basileuterus griseiceps)
Golden-crowned Warbler [sp] (Basileuterus culicivorus)
Three-striped Warbler [sp] (Basileuterus tristriatus)
Flavescent Warbler [sp] (Basileuterus flaveolus)
Bananaquit [sp] (Coereba flaveola)
Black-faced Tanager [sp] (Schistochlamys melanopis)
Common Bush-tanager [sp] (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
Oleaginous Hemispingus [sp] (Hemispingus frontalis)
Fulvous-headed Tanager [sp] (Thlypopsis fulviceps)
Guira Tanager [sp] (Hemithraupis guira)
Yellow-backed Tanager [sp] (Hemithraupis flavicollis)
Olive-backed Tanager [sp] (Mitrospingus oleagineus)
Grey-headed Tanager [sp] (Eucometis penicillata)
Fulvous Shrike-tanager [sp] (Lanio fulvus)
Flame-crested Tanager [sp] (Tachyphonus cristatus)
Fulvous-crested Tanager [sp] (Tachyphonus surinamus)
White-shouldered Tanager [sp] (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
Red-shouldered Tanager (Tachyphonus phoenicius)
Hepatic Tanager [sp] (Piranga flava)
Summer Tanager [sp] (Piranga rubra)
White-winged Tanager [sp] (Piranga leucoptera)
Silver-beaked Tanager [sp] (Ramphocelus carbo)
Blue-grey Tanager [sp] (Thraupis episcopus)
Glaucous Tanager (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
Blue-capped Tanager [sp] (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Palm Tanager [sp] (Thraupis palmarum)
Blue-backed Tanager (Cyanicterus cyanicterus)
Blue-winged Mountain-tanager [sp] (Anisognathus somptuosus)
Trinidad Euphonia (Euphonia trinitatis)
Violaceous Euphonia [sp] (Euphonia violacea)
Thick-billed Euphonia [sp] (Euphonia laniirostris)
White-lored Euphonia [sp] (Euphonia chrysopasta)
Orange-bellied Euphonia [sp] (Euphonia xanthogaster)
Golden-sided Euphonia (Euphonia cayennensis)
Blue-naped Chlorophonia [sp] (Chlorophonia cyanea)
Turquoise Tanager [sp] (Tangara mexicana)
Paradise Tanager [sp] (Tangara chilensis)
Golden Tanager [sp] (Tangara arthus)
Yellow-bellied Tanager [sp] (Tangara xanthogastra)
Spotted Tanager [sp] (Tangara punctata)
Speckled Tanager [sp] (Tangara guttata)
Bay-headed Tanager [sp] (Tangara gyrola)
Burnished-buff Tanager [sp] (Tangara cayana)
Rufous-cheeked Tanager (Tangara rufigenis)
Blue-necked Tanager [sp] (Tangara cyanicollis)
Beryl-spangled Tanager [sp] (Tangara nigroviridis)
Black-headed Tanager [sp] (Tangara cyanoptera)
Opal-rumped Tanager [sp] (Tangara velia)
Black-faced Dacnis [sp] (Dacnis lineata)
Yellow-bellied Dacnis (Dacnis flaviventer)
Blue Dacnis [sp] (Dacnis cayana)
Green Honeycreeper [sp] (Chlorophanes spiza)
Purple Honeycreeper [sp] (Cyanerpes caeruleus)
Swallow Tanager [sp] (Tersina viridis)
Plush-capped Finch [sp] (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)
Blue-black Grassquit [sp] (Volatinia jacarina)
Grey Seedeater [sp] (Sporophila intermedia)
Lesson's Seedeater [sp] (Sporophila bouvronides)
Yellow-bellied Seedeater [sp] (Sporophila nigricollis)
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater [sp] (Sporophila minuta)
Chestnut-bellied Seed-finch [sp] (Oryzoborus angolensis)
Black-faced Grassquit [sp] (Tiaris bicolor)
Ochre-breasted Brush-finch [sp] (Atlapetes semirufus)
Tepui Brush-finch [sp] (Atlapetes personatus)
Yellow-browed Sparrow [sp] (Ammodramus aurifrons)
Rufous-collared Sparrow [sp] (Zonotrichia capensis)
Greyish Saltator [sp] (Saltator coerulescens)
Buff-throated Saltator [sp] (Saltator maximus)
Slate-coloured Grosbeak [sp] (Saltator grossus)
Vermilion Cardinal (Cardinalis phoeniceus)
Blue-black Grosbeak [sp] (Cyanocompsa cyanoides)
Yellow-hooded Blackbird [sp] (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Red-breasted Blackbird (Sturnella militaris)
Eastern Meadowlark [sp] (Sturnella magna)
Carib Grackle [sp] (Quiscalus lugubris)
Yellow Oriole [sp] (Icterus nigrogularis)
Orange-crowned Oriole (Icterus auricapillus)
Venezuelan Troupial [sp] (Icterus icterus)
Yellow-rumped Cacique [sp] (Cacicus cela)
Red-rumped Cacique [sp] (Cacicus haemorrhous)
Crested Oropendola [sp] (Psarocolius decumanus)
Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis)
Russet-backed Oropendola [sp] (Psarocolius angustifrons)
Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus)
Velvet-fronted Grackle [sp] (Lampropsar tanagrinus)
Golden-tufted Grackle (Macroagelaius imthurni)