Although not widely discovered yet, Estonia is ideal country for observing massive bird migration. Although the smallest and northernmost of the Baltic countries, Estonia lies on the crossroad of the Eastern Atlantic migratory flyway: Estonia is locked between the Finnish Gulf, the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea and Lake Peipsi near the Russian border.

Geographically the Estonian waters and coastline are a natural flyway between breeding and wintering areas for millions of Arctic waterbirds. In total, over 50 million waterbirds are estimated to pass along the Estonian coast and marine territories annually. But it is not just about non-stop passage: the country's long and indented coastline, shallow and sheltered bays, straits, coastal meadows, marshes, lagoons and 1,000 islands offer crucial feeding and stop over sites, whilst Steller´s Eider is easily observed on their wintering grounds.

Birders can also hope to see such specialities as Pygmy and Ural Owl along with Black, White-backed, Grey-headed and Three-toed Woodpeckers which are all still quite common in Estonian woodlands. For more information on birding opportunities visit Estonian Nature Tours.

Text courtesy of Estonian Nature Tours

Steller's Eider

Steller's Eider © Andrew Spencer

Showing the 11 Most Recent Trip Reports Posted

Finland, Estonia and Arctic Norway - May - June 2005, author Pete Morris (link created September 11, 2008)
(Great Snipe)

Estonia – Migration Highway 26th September – 3rd October 2014, author Christopher Hall (added October 6, 2014)
(White-tailed Eagle, Hazelhen, Nutcracker, Black Woodpecker)

Estonia etc (trip around Baltic Sea) May-Jun 2014 , author John van der Woude (link created October 10, 2016)

Estonia in May, author Mike Neale (added May 29, 2013)

Estonia -2nd - 7th March 2017, author Mike Powell (link created March 31, 2017)

Estonia, May 2004, author Birdseekers (added March 19, 2005)
(Birdseekers tour with photo of Citrine Wagtail, details of Great Snipe Lek, Lesser Spotted and White-tailed Eagles)

Estonia in late Winter - 9th - 12th March 2008, author Richard Drew (added March 16, 2008)
(Stellers Eider)

Estonia - 24 - 29 May 2007, author Richard Webb (added June 6, 2007)
(Highlights included breeding Red-necked Grebes and Whooper Swans, White-tailed and Lesser Spotted Eagle, Hazelhen, Capercaillie, Crane and more)

Estonia - 1st - 8th June 2012, author Bob Swann (added July 18, 2012)

Estonia - 13th - 20th June 2012, author Mark Hows (added July 14, 2012)
(Great Snipe, Citrine Wagtail, Russian Flying Squirrel, Masked Shrew, Haardemeeste, Ilmatsalu fishponds, Rapina polders )

Estonia - 29th March – 2nd April 2011, author Bob Swann (added January 18, 2013)
(Steller's Eider)

No Sightings Have Been Posted for this Region Yet.