Despite the habitat loss, Colombia still has more bird species than any other country in the world, with the exception of Peru. Colombia's extraordinary avian diversity is due to its unique geography. The Andes split at the southern end into three distinct ranges.

The diversity of altitudes and climates creates many different life zones supporting unrivalled avian speciation over the millenia. Target birds and reserves for visiting birders include the Blue-billed Curassow at El Paujil, Recurve-billed Bushbirds, Chestnut-capped Piha (discovered in 2001) and Yellow-eared Parrots at the similarly named reserves, as well as El Dorado Reserve at Santa Marta where many endemics and even new species are awaiting description.

The Cerulean Warbler Reserve, a relict of sub-tropical oak forests, is an important wintering location for Cerulean Warblers. Colombia's security situation has improved in recent years. The country is now open for birding, but parts remain unsafe. Colombia is not a place to go birding on your own.

ProAves is Colombia's principal bird conservation organisation. For more information visit www.ecoturs.org

Text adapted from Chuck Bell's article in Winging It – June 2008. Full trip report with Tropical Birding listed below

Santa Marta Parakeet

Santa Marta Parakeet, endemic to the Santa Marta mountains © Diego Calderon

Birding in Peru

Birding Ecotours

Showing the 78 Most Recent Trip Reports Posted

Colombia Clean-up - 10th - 23rd August 2019, author Jules Eden (added September 8, 2019)
(Uraba, Antioquia and Inirida)

Colombia Endemics Tour March 2011, author Avery Bartels (link created September 4, 2011)
(Colombia, Endemics, Santa Marta, Dusky Starfrontlet, Fenwick's Antpitta, Cerulean Warbler Reserve, Avery Bartels, Bogota, Yellow-headed Manakin, Tolima dove, El PAujil)

Colombia bird photo trip for Japanese photographers, April 26 - May 4, 2014,, author Birding Tours Colombia (link created September 3, 2014)
(Bare-faced Ibis, Red-headed Barbet, Oleaginous Hemispingus, Saffron-crowned Tanager, Crimson-rumped Toucanet, Paramo Tapaculo.)

Colombian Andes and the Caribbean Coast - 6th - 26th March 2011, author Barry Walker (link created September 22, 2011)
(This trip was to target some of the most endangered Colombia endemics and range restricted species)

Colombia - 27th August - 7th September 2011, author Mark Lockwood (added September 16, 2011)
(Mitu, Bogota area)

Central western Colombia: one week late August 2009, author Martin Reid (added September 14, 2009)
(La Romera, Jardin, Rio Blanco, Nevados del Ruiz, Otun-Quimbaya, El Cairo, Chingaza NP, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Flame-winged Parakeet, Yellow-eared Parrot, Gold-Ringed Tanager, Black-and-gold Tanager, Fulvous-dotted Treerunner, Indigo Flowerpiercer)

Colombia - 23rd July - 10th August 2014, author Dick Meijer (link created October 4, 2014)
(In search of endemic and near–endemic species and white-sand specialists)

Central Colombia - 21 September - 14 October 2011, author Stephen Blaber (added October 26, 2011)
(ProAves reserves: El Paujil, Bushbird, Reinita Azul, Pauxi Pauxi, Arrierito, Las Tangares & more)

Central Colombia Aug 22 - Sept 7, 2012, author Peter Hawrylyshyn (link created October 2, 2012)
(Rogitama, Chingaza NP, Rio Blanco, Los Nevados, Jardin, Las Tangaras, Piha Reserve)

The Colombian Andes - March 2nd - 21st 2013, author Barry Walker (link created November 2, 2013)
(This trip report is based on visits to reserves that protect the last remaining forests and habitats of some of the most endangered birds in the world. We recorded around 560 species, 37 true Colombian endemics.)

Colombia: Central & Western Andes endemics, Oct 6-15, 2012., author Birding Tours Colombia (link created November 19, 2012)
(Grayish Piculet, Colombian Chachalaca, Cauca Guan, Stiles´s Tapaculo, Multicolored Tanager, Brown-banded Antpitta, Bearded Helmetcrest, Black-thighed Puffleg, Colombian Chachalaca, Brown-banded Antpitta, Chestnut Wood-Quail, Yellow-headed Brush-Finch, Ye)

Colombia - An Antpitta special, author Ashley Banwell (added November 18, 2006)
(Brown banded Antpitta, Bicoloured Antpitta, Santa-marta Antpitta, Tawny Antpitta,Undulated Antpitta)

Colombia - 20 July - 14 August 2012, author Dick Meijer and Peter van Scheepen (link created November 12, 2012)
(We focused on finding as many endemic species as possible and thus joined the Colombian Endemics Birding Tour organized by Pablo Florez. Multicolored Tanager was voted as bird of the trip.)

Colombia specialities - A tale of ten tapaculos (well, actually eleven!) - September - October 2010, author Jonathan Newman (added November 1, 2011)
(Cundinamarca, Soata, Ocana, Cerulea, El Paujil, Las Tangaras, Colibri del Sol, Bahia Solano)

Colombia - Andes & valleys, Amazonia, North Feb-Mar 2012, author Pritam Baruah (link created May 9, 2012)
(All three Andean ranges, Magdalena & Cauca valleys, Santa Marta & Guajira and Mitu - 926 species)

Colombia - Eastern Andes & Mid-Magdalena Valley - 2018, author Nature Colombia (added May 23, 2018)
(Chingaza, Rufous-browed Conebill, Silvery-throated Spinetail, Blue-throated Starfrontlet, Bogota Rail, Apolinar’s Wren, Velvet-fronted Euphonia, Oilbird, White-mantled Barbet, Sooty Ant-Tanager, Magdalena Antbird, Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant, Be)

Colombia:Bird photo trip, The Western & Central Andes. August 16-September 01, 2013., author Birding Tours Colombia (link created May 12, 2014)
(Glistening, Black-and-Gold & Purplish-mantled Tanagers; Bearded Helmetcrest, Chestnut Wood-Quail, Nariño Tapaculo and hundreds of species photographed.)

Colombia - Nov-Dec 2010, author Rockjumper Birding Tours (link created March 7, 2011)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, September 2016, author Manu Expeditions (added March 6, 2017)
(Cauca Guan, Blue-billed Curassow, Bogota Rail, Buffy Helmetcrest, White-mantled Barbet, Beautiful Woodpecker, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Parker's Antbird, Brown-banded Antpitta, Chestnut-capped Piha, Multicolored Tanager, Yellow-headed Brush-finch)

The Grand Colombian Birding Tour by Ben Freeman / EcoTurs, author Fundacion ProAves (link created March 5, 2010)
(We recorded 653 species (48 endemics), plus 29 species heard, across the Andes of Colombia, including Choco Vireo, Santa Marta Parakeet, Gold-ringed Tanager, Dusky Starfrontlet, Yellow-eared Parrot, Recurve-billed Bushbird...)

Colombia - Pacific Coast, Rio Blanco, Los Nevados, Bogota - February 2009, author Gina Nichol (link created March 4, 2009)
(Bogota Rail, Black Inca, Silvery-throated Spinetail, Brown-banded Antpitta, Red-bellied Grackle, Baudo Oropendola)

Colombia Cleanup - Feb.-Mar. 2015, author Avery Bartels (link created March 24, 2016)
(Bocas del atrato, Bahia Solano, sumapaz, Monterredondo, Llanos, Mitu, Perija, Sooty-capped Puffbird, Baudo Oropendola, Green-bearded Helmetcrest, Yellow-billed Nunbird, Chestnut-crested Antbird, Cinammon-crested Spadebill, Perija Tapaculo, Perija Brushfin)

Colombia - Santa Marta section plus central Andes extension - 16th – 26th February 2013, author EcoTurs Colombia SA (added March 18, 2013)
(Endemics, Santa Marta, Central Andes)

Colombia February 2007, author Nick Athanas (link created March 10, 2007)
(Blue-billed Curassow,Gorgeted Wood-Quail,Yellow-eared Parrot,Indigo-winged Parrot,Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird,Dusky Starfrontlet,Black Inca,White-mantled Barbet,Brown-banded Antpitta,Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer,Red-bellied Grackle)

Colombia - December 2013, author John van der Woude (link created March 1, 2014)

Classic Colombia - February - March 2018, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created June 4, 2020)

The Very Best of Colombia - 23rd January - 15th February 2018, author Chris Lotz, Birding Ecotours (link created June 4, 2020)

Colombia - May / June 2013 - completely independent, author Clayton Burne (link created June 29, 2013)
(Buenaventura, Laguna de Sonso, Rio Blanco, Nevado del Ruiz, Galapagos Road, RNA Loro Orejiamarillo, La Romera, RNA Arrierito Antioqueno, Rio Claro, Rogitama, Soata, RNA Reinita Azul, RNA Hormiguero de Torcoroma, Isla de Salamanca, Minca, Sierra Nevada de )

Colombia, Two Try the Santa Marta Region, May 20-30, 2018, author Jim McConnell (added June 26, 2018)
(Fulvous-headed Tanager, Northern Screamer, Buffy Hummingbird, Santa Marta Antpitta, Santa Marta Parakeet, Black-fronted Wood-Quail, White-tipped Quetzal, Golden-breasted Fruiteater, etc.)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, February 2017, author Manu Expeditions (added June 24, 2017)
(Colombia, Cauca Guan, Bogota Rail, Buffy Helmetcrest, Grayish Piculet, Brown-banded Antpitta, Pale-bellied Tapaculo, Apolinar's Wren, Munchique Wood-wren, Black and Gold Tanager, Crested Ant-tanager, Golden-fronted Whitestart, Velvet-fronted Euphonia.)

Mitú, Colombia, June 2011, author Nick Athanas (link created June 22, 2011)
(Mitu,Colombia,Tawny-tufted Toucanet,Orinoco Piculet,Bar-bellied Woodcreeper,Yellow-throated Antwren,Cherrie’s Antwren,Gray-bellied Antbird,Chestnut-crested Antbird,Yellow-crowned Manakin,Azure-naped Jay,White-naped Seedeater)

Colombia - Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta & Guajira peninsula, February 2017, author Manu Expeditions (added June 19, 2017)
(Colombia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Guajira peninsula, White-tailed Starfrontlet, Santa Marta Antpitta, Santa Marta Tapaculo, Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner, Streak-capped Spinetail, Santa Marta Mountain-tanager, Sierra Nevada Brush-finch, Santa Marta Wa)

Colombia - Colombian Andes & Santa Marta Mountains, February 24th - March 5th 2018, author Manu Expeditions (added June 16, 2018)
(Colombia, Colombian Chacalaca, Buffy Helmetcrest, Dusky Starfrontlet, Santa Marta Antbird, Rusty-headed Spinetail, Munchique Wood-wren, Black and Gold Tanager, Black-cheeked Mountain-tanager, Santa Marta Brush-finch, Crested Ant-tanager, Santa Marta Warbl)

Colombia-Santa Marta mountains & Guajira peninsula, Mar/Apr 2015, author Manu Expeditions (link created July 29, 2015)
(Colombia, Santa Marta mountains, Guajira peninsula, Santa Marta Screech-owl, White-tailed Starfrontlet, Santa Marta Antbird, Streak-capped Spinetail, Black-cheeked Mountain-tanager, Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch, White-lored Warbler.)

Colombia - Santa Marta mountains & Guajira peninsula - March - April 2015, author Manu Expeditions (added July 29, 2015)
(Colombia, Santa Marta mountains, Guajira peninsula, Santa Marta Screech-owl, White-tailed Starfrontlet, Santa Marta Antbird, Streak-capped Spinetail, Black-cheeked Mountain-tanager, Sierra Nevada Brush-Finch, White-lored Warbler.)

The Colombian Andes - April 5th – 23rd 2014, author Barry Walker (link created July 23, 2014)
(This trip was to target some of the most endangered Colombia endemics and range restricted species which are fortunately protected in fragmented forest patches thanks to the efforts of ProAves and the Colombian National Parks and watershed reserves Colomb)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, March 2016, author Manu Expeditions (added July 20, 2016)
(Cauca Guan, Blue-billed Curassow, Bogota Rail, Black Inca, White-mantled Barbet, Yellow-eared Parrot, Parker's Antbird, Chestnut-capped Piha, Apolinar's Wren, Rufous-breasted Conebill, Red-bellied Grackle.)

Colombia-The Colombian Andes, March 2014, author Manu Expeditions (link created July 20, 2015)
(Colombia, Bogota Rail, Blossomcrown, Black Inca, Lanceolated Monklet, Beautiful Woodpecker, Yellow-eared Parrot, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Streak-capped Spinetail, Chestnut-capped Piha, Niceforo's Wren, Multicolored Tanager, Sooty Ant-tanager.)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, March 2014, author Manu Expeditions (added July 20, 2015)
(Colombia, Bogota Rail, Blossomcrown, Black Inca, Lanceolated Monklet, Beautiful Woodpecker, Yellow-eared Parrot, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Streak-capped Spinetail, Chestnut-capped Piha, Niceforo's Wren, Multicolored Tanager, Sooty Ant-tanager.)

Colombia - Andes & Santa Marta Mountains, February - March 2018, author Manu Expeditions (added July 14, 2018)
(Colombian Chacalaca, Buffy Helmetcrest, Black-backed Thornbill, Yellow-eared Parrot, Brown-banded Antpitta, Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner, Munchique Wood-wren, Black & Gold Tanager, Crested Ant-Tanager, Santa Marta Warbler.)

Colombia-The Colombian Andes, April 2014, author Manu Expeditions (link created July 14, 2015)
(Colombia, Cauca Guan, Bogota Rail, Blossomcrown, Santa Marta Parakeet, Parker's Antbird, Bicolored Antpitta, Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant, Apolinar's Wren, Red-bellied Grackle.)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, April 2014, author Manu Expeditions (added July 14, 2015)
(Colombia, Cauca Guan, Bogota Rail, Blossomcrown, Santa Marta Parakeet, Parker's Antbird, Bicolored Antpitta, Antioquia Bristle-Tyrant, Apolinar's Wren, Red-bellied Grackle.)

The Colombian Andes - March 2nd - 21st 2013, author Barry Walker (link created July 12, 2013)
(560 species, 37 true Colombian endemics and 40+ near endemics. 57 species of hummingbirds.)

Tropical Birding tour to Colombia, Nov-Dec 2007, author Nick Athanas (link created January 8, 2008)
(Santa Marta endemics, Mountain Grackle, Chestnut-capped Piha, Multicolored Tanager, Dusky Starfrontlet)

Colombia - February 22-28, 2017, author Michael Preston (added January 30, 2018)
(Cauca Guan, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Bare-faced Ibis, Laughing Falcon, Flammulated Treehunter, Brown-banded Antpitta, Buffy Helmetcrest, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Empress Brilliant, Tatama Tapaculo, Black-and-Gold Tanager, Purplish-mantled Tanager)

Colombia – Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta: 25-29 November 2010, author Jason Fidorra (added January 29, 2011)
(Minca, San Lorenzo Station, El Dorado Lodge)

Colombia - 7th – 31st March 2012, author EcoTurs Colombia SA (added January 21, 2013)
(Colombia, Eastern Andes, Central Andes, Western Andes, Magdalena Valley, Cauca Valley, Santa Marta Mountains, Guajira Peninsula)

Central Colombia - November 2014, author Allan Drewitt (added January 13, 2015)
(Blue-billed Curassow, Bogota Rail, Yellow-eared Parrot, Rufous-banded Owl, Purple-backed Thornbill, Black-thighed Puffleg, Tody Motmot, Grey-cheeked Nunlet, Bare-crowned Antbird, Bicoloured Antpitta, Chestnut-capped Piha, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Yellow-brow)

Colombia - 12th May – 2nd June 2012, author EcoTurs Colombia SA (added January 11, 2013)
(Colombia, Eastern Andes, Central Andes, Western Andes, North Coast, Santa Marta Mountains, Guajira Peninsula, Tocuyo Sparrow, Santa Marta Warbler, Red-bellied Grackle, Chestnut-capped Piha, Lanceolated Monklet, Bearded Helmetcrest)

Colombia - January 11th to February 3rd 2011, author Robert Griggs Higbie (added February 24, 2012)
(Piha reserve, Tangaras, Yellow-eared Parrot Preserve, Rio Blanco, Buenaventuras road, Yotoc, Alto de Linea, Rio Claro)

Colombia - North Andes and the Choco Vireo - December 26, 2009 - January 13, 2010, author Forrest Rowland (added February 24, 2010)
(Antioquia, Santander, Sabana de Bogota, Chingaza, Paujil, Pauxi Pauxi)

Colombian Endemics Bonanza birding trip by EcoTurs (Jan 2010), author Fundacion ProAves (link created February 22, 2010)
(Outstanding tour across the Colombian Andes and Magdalena valley before finishing in El Dorado Bird Reserve. 49 endemics and 553 target species including Fuertes's Parrot, Blue-billed Curassow, Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Gold-ringed Tan)

A report on Birding Colombia: endemics and threatened species., author Fundacion ProAves (link created February 22, 2010)
(This fast paced tour visited key sites across central and northern Colombia amassing a staggering 45 endemics in just 17 days, inc. Chestnut-capped Piha, Gold-ringed Tanager, Munchique Wood Wren, Dusky Starfrontlet, Santa Marta Screech-Owl... )

Birding Northern Colombia in a week by EcoTurs, author Fundacion ProAves (link created February 22, 2010)
(This tour focused on seeing great birds at an enjoyable pace with a good mix of endemics and rare species from a wide range of habitats - cloud forest to mangroves. Inc. Black-backed Thornbill, Vermillion Cardinal, Santa Marta Woodstar, Santa Marta Screec)

Colombia: East Andes, Guajira, Santa Marta - December 2009, author Martin Reid (added December 31, 2009)
(Rogitama, Soata, Monterredondo, Riohacha/Camarones, El Dorado Lodge, Mountain Grackle, Chestnut-bellied Humingbird, Niceforo's Wren, Black Inca, Turquoise Dacnis, Indogo-capped Hummingbird, Santa Marta Sabrewing, Black-backed Thornbill)

Santa Marta and Guajira Peninsula, Colombia - March 21st - March 26th 2012, author Barry Walker (link created December 3, 2012)
(This scope of this trip was to target some of the most endangered Colombia endemics and range restricted species found in the Serra Nevada de Santa Marta Mountains.)

The Colombian Andes and the Santa Marta Mountains, author Barry Walker (link created December 27, 2007)
(Santa Marta and Andean Endemics)

The Colombian Andes - June 2007, author Barry Walker (added December 27, 2007)
(Colombian Andean endemics and the Santa Marta mountains)

Colombia -5th - 14th November 2014, author Jon Hornbuckle (added December 24, 2014)
(Sooty-capped Puffbird, Baudo Oropendola )

Rockjumper Tour - Colombia Andean Endemics - October 30th - November 21st 2011, author Forrest Rowland (added December 20, 2011)
(790+ species recorded, 760+ seen including 59 endemics and 41 near-endemics)

Colombia - October 30th - November 27th 2010, author Greg Roberts (added December 12, 2010)
(770 species including Mountain Grackle, Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Lazuline & Santa Marta Sabrewings, Yellow-headed Manakin, Indigo-winged Parrot, Bicoloured Antpitta, Tanager Finch)

Colombia Endemics Galore - November 2010, author Niels Poul Dreyer (link created December 10, 2012)
(The trip included all three Andean ranges in Colombia, from hot humid rainforests in Choco, to cold paramo expanses, finishing in the spectacular Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.)

Colombia - Colombia Extravaganza - 2nd – 27th June 2013, author EcoTurs Colombia SA (added August 7, 2013)
(Eastern Andes, Central Andes, Western Andes, Magdalena Valley, Cauca Valley, Santa Marta, Guajira Peninsula)

Gran Colombia endemic tour - 15th January - 12th February 2011, author Pablo Florez (added August 18, 2011)
(Santa Marta area, West, central and Eastern Andes, Mid. Magdalena.)

Colombia - Parque Nacional Los Nevados - January 9th - 16th 2007, author Tim Mitzen (added August 15, 2007)
(Multi-colored Tanager, Masked Saltator, Olive-headed Brush-Finch)

COLOMBIA - Central Andes and Santa Marta (Feb 2013), author Peter Hawrylyshyn (link created August 12, 2013)
(Otun-Quimbaya, Rio Blanco, Los Nevados, Cerro Montezuma, Km18-Finca Alejandria, Santa Marta-El Dorado)

Colombia - The Colombian Andes, March 2015, author Manu Expeditions (added August 11, 2015)
(Colombia, Colombian Andes, Cauca Guan, Blue-billed Curassow, Black Inca, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Apical Flycatcher, Turquoise Dacnis, Rufous-browed Conebill, Red-bellied Grackle.)

Colombia-The Colombian Andes, March 2015, author Manu Expeditions (link created August 11, 2015)
(Colombia, Colombian Andes, Cauca Guan, Blue-billed Curassow, Black Inca, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Apical Flycatcher, Turquoise Dacnis, Rufous-browed Conebill, Red-bellied Grackle)

Colombia - 7 June - 1 July 2012, author Stephen Blaber (added August 10, 2012)
(Chingaza, Otun-Quimbaya, Rio Blanco, Tatama, Santa Marta, Guajira)

The Colombian Andes - March 2008, author Barry Walker (added April 6, 2008)
(The Central Colombian Andes and the Santa Marta Mountains - endemics)

Colombia - February 16 – March 13, 2010 , author Jon Hornbuckle (added April 27, 2011)
(Highland Tinamou, Blue-knobbed Curassow, Santa Marta Screech-Owl, Dusky Starfrontlet, Greyish Piculet, Beautiful Woodpecker, Recurve-billed Bushbird, Fenwick’s Antpitta, Bicoloured Antpitta, Chestnut-capped Piha, Gold-ringed Tanager, Red-bellied Grackl)

The Colombian Andes - March 1st - March 26th 2014, author Barry Walker (link created April 26, 2014)
(This scope of this trip was to target some of the most endangered Colombia endemics and range restricted species which are fortunately protected in fragmented forest patches thanks to the efforts of ProAves and the Colombian National Parks and watershed r)

Colombia Clean-up Trip (Part 2) - March 7th thru 22nd, 2011, author Forrest Rowland (added April 25, 2011)
(Santa Marta endemics, Guajira regional-endemics, Velvet-fronted Euphonia, Tolima Dove, Fuertes' Parrot, 12 species of Antpitta! 621 species total)

Colombia - Northern Andes and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta - 9th - 29th December 2010, author Forrest Rowland (added April 20, 2011)
(60 Endemics, Mundo Nuevo, Reinita Azul, Pauxi Pauxi, Arrierito Antioqueno, Las Tangaras, Jardin, El Dorado, and more....)

Colombia - Amazonian lowlands of Mitu Mar 2012, author Pritam Baruah (link created April 17, 2012)
(Mitu, Colombia, Amazon, Chestnut-crested Antbird, Grey-bellied Antbird, Orinoco Piculet)

Colombia Nov-Dec 2010, author Rockjumper Birding Tours (link created April 11, 2012)

Colombia Nov 2011, author Rockjumper Birding Tours (link created April 11, 2012)

Colombia - 25 June to 18 July 2015 , author Jon Hornbuckle (added April 1, 2016)
(Semicollared Hawk, Gorgeted Wood-Quail, Tolima Dove, Rufous-fronted Parakeet, Indigo-winged and Yellow-eared Parrots, Andean Blossomcrown, Perija Metaltail, Perija Thistletail, Brown-banded Puffbird, Tawny-tufted Toucanet, Bar-bellied Woodcreeper, Chestn)

No Sightings Have Been Posted for this Region Yet.